KEGG   PATHWAY: cdk03320
cdk03320                    Pathway                                

PPAR signaling pathway - Camelus dromedarius (Arabian camel)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear hormone receptors that are activated by fatty acids and their derivatives. PPAR has three subtypes (PPARalpha, beta/delta, and gamma) showing different expression patterns in vertebrates. Each of them is encoded in a separate gene and binds fatty acids and eicosanoids. PPARalpha plays a role in the clearance of circulating or cellular lipids via the regulation of gene expression involved in lipid metabolism in liver and skeletal muscle. PPARbeta/delta is involved in lipid oxidation and cell proliferation. PPARgamma promotes adipocyte differentiation to enhance blood glucose uptake.
Organismal Systems; Endocrine system
Pathway map
cdk03320  PPAR signaling pathway

Camelus dromedarius (Arabian camel) [GN:cdk]
105100371  platelet glycoprotein 4-like [KO:K06259]
105100373  platelet glycoprotein 4 [KO:K06259]
105092576  SLC27A4; LOW QUALITY PROTEIN: long-chain fatty acid transport protein 4 [KO:K08745] [EC:6.2.1.-]
105101849  SLC27A1; long-chain fatty acid transport protein 1 [KO:K08745] [EC:6.2.1.-]
105104702  SLC27A2; very long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase [KO:K08746] [EC:6.2.1.-]
105096797  SLC27A5; bile acyl-CoA synthetase isoform X1 [KO:K08748] [EC:]
105089885  SLC27A6; long-chain fatty acid transport protein 6 [KO:K08749]
105104178  fatty acid-binding protein, liver [KO:K08750]
105106653  fatty acid-binding protein, liver [KO:K08750]
105093649  FABP2; fatty acid-binding protein, intestinal [KO:K08751]
105085813  FABP3; fatty acid-binding protein, heart [KO:K08752]
105088519  fatty acid-binding protein, adipocyte [KO:K08753]
105088524  FABP5; fatty acid-binding protein 5 [KO:K08754]
105099905  FABP6; gastrotropin [KO:K08755]
105088360  FABP7; fatty acid-binding protein, brain [KO:K08756]
105091841  PPARA; peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha [KO:K07294]
105106306  RXRA; LOW QUALITY PROTEIN: retinoic acid receptor RXR-alpha [KO:K08524]
105101393  RXRB; retinoic acid receptor RXR-beta [KO:K08525]
105092711  RXRG; retinoic acid receptor RXR-gamma isoform X1 [KO:K08526]
105101350  PPARD; peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta isoform X1 [KO:K04504]
105093103  PPARG; peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma isoform X1 [KO:K08530]
105107063  HMGCS1; hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase, cytoplasmic isoform X1 [KO:K01641] [EC:]
105089471  HMGCS2; hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase, mitochondrial [KO:K01641] [EC:]
105090194  APOA1; apolipoprotein A-I [KO:K08757]
105100104  APOA2; apolipoprotein A-II [KO:K08758]
105090196  APOC3; LOW QUALITY PROTEIN: apolipoprotein C-III [KO:K08759]
105090197  APOA5; LOW QUALITY PROTEIN: apolipoprotein A-V [KO:K09025]
116147113  apolipoprotein A-V-like [KO:K09025]
105087841  PLTP; phospholipid transfer protein [KO:K08761]
105097928  ME3; NADP-dependent malic enzyme, mitochondrial isoform X2 [KO:K00029] [EC:]
105089251  ME1; NADP-dependent malic enzyme [KO:K00029] [EC:]
105104977  acyl-CoA 6-desaturase-like [KO:K10226] [EC:]
105091525  FADS2; acyl-CoA 6-desaturase [KO:K10226] [EC:]
105084320  SCD; acyl-CoA desaturase [KO:K00507] [EC:]
105091895  SCD5; stearoyl-CoA desaturase 5 [KO:K00507] [EC:]
105093285  cytochrome P450 7A1 [KO:K00489] [EC:]
105084606  5-beta-cholestane-3-alpha,7-alpha-diol 12-alpha-hydroxylase [KO:K07431] [EC:]
105106874  NR1H3; oxysterols receptor LXR-alpha isoform X1 [KO:K08536]
105096090  sterol 26-hydroxylase, mitochondrial [KO:K00488] [EC:]
105088426  DBI; acyl-CoA-binding protein [KO:K08762]
105088132  diazepam-binding inhibitor-like 5 [KO:K08762]
105094532  LPL; lipoprotein lipase [KO:K01059] [EC:]
105084436  ACSL1; long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase 1 isoform X1 [KO:K01897] [EC:]
105106978  ACSL3; long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase 3 [KO:K01897] [EC:]
105090001  ACSL6; long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase 6 isoform X1 [KO:K01897] [EC:]
105093185  ACSL4; long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase 4 isoform X1 [KO:K01897] [EC:]
105091694  ACSL5; long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase 5 [KO:K01897] [EC:]
105091767  ACSBG2; long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase ACSBG2 isoform X1 [KO:K15013] [EC:]
105092225  ACSBG1; long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase ACSBG1 [KO:K15013] [EC:]
105094214  OLR1; oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor 1 [KO:K08763]
105085864  EHHADH; peroxisomal bifunctional enzyme [KO:K07514] [EC:]
105092933  cytochrome P450 4A6 [KO:K07425] [EC:]
105090693  ACAA1; 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, peroxisomal [KO:K07513] [EC:]
105090773  SCP2; non-specific lipid-transfer protein [KO:K08764] [EC:]
105103342  ACOX3; peroxisomal acyl-coenzyme A oxidase 3 isoform X1 [KO:K00232] [EC:]
105105527  ACOX1; peroxisomal acyl-coenzyme A oxidase 1 isoform X2 [KO:K00232] [EC:]
105089810  ACOX2; peroxisomal acyl-coenzyme A oxidase 2 isoform X1 [KO:K10214] [EC:]
105104399  CPT1A; carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 1, liver isoform isoform X1 [KO:K08765] [EC:]
105106153  CPT1B; carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 1, muscle isoform [KO:K19523] [EC:]
105100195  CPT1C; carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 1, brain isoform isoform X1 [KO:K19524] [EC:]
105090776  CPT2; carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 2, mitochondrial isoform X1 [KO:K08766] [EC:]
105101591  ACADL; long-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial isoform X1 [KO:K00255] [EC:]
105096653  ACADM; medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial [KO:K00249] [EC:]
105087582  ANGPTL4; angiopoietin-related protein 4 [KO:K08767]
105084258  SORBS1; sorbin and SH3 domain-containing protein 1 isoform X1 [KO:K06086]
105094673  PLIN1; LOW QUALITY PROTEIN: perilipin-1 [KO:K08768]
105095944  PLIN2; perilipin-2 isoform X2 [KO:K17284]
105105318  PLIN4; LOW QUALITY PROTEIN: perilipin-4 [KO:K20254]
105105319  PLIN5; perilipin-5 isoform X2 [KO:K20255]
105085843  ADIPOQ; adiponectin [KO:K07296]
105087169  MMP1; interstitial collagenase [KO:K01388] [EC:]
105088374  UCP1; mitochondrial brown fat uncoupling protein 1 [KO:K08769]
105097907  ILK; integrin-linked protein kinase isoform X1 [KO:K06272] [EC:]
105099701  PDPK1; 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 isoform X2 [KO:K06276] [EC:]
105102409  PCK2; phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase [GTP], mitochondrial [KO:K01596] [EC:]
105098843  PCK1; phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, cytosolic [GTP] [KO:K01596] [EC:]
105089307  GK; glycerol kinase isoform X1 [KO:K00864] [EC:]
105106976  glycerol kinase [KO:K00864] [EC:]
105091753  GK2; glycerol kinase 2 [KO:K00864] [EC:]
105085577  AQP7; aquaporin-7 isoform X1 [KO:K08771]
C02165  Leukotriene B4
C14762  13(S)-HODE
C14767  9(S)-HODE
C14776  8(S)-HETE
C15493  9-cis-Retinoic acid
Takahashi N, Goto T, Kusudo T, Moriyama T, Kawada T.
[The structures and functions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs)]
Nippon Rinsho 63:557-64 (2005)
Fujii H.
[PPARs-mediated intracellular signal transduction]
Nippon Rinsho 63:565-71 (2005)
Takada I, Kato S.
[PPARs target genes]
Nippon Rinsho 63:573-7 (2005)
Inoue H.
[Endogenous ligands for PPARs]
Nippon Rinsho 63:578-83 (2005)
Feige JN, Gelman L, Michalik L, Desvergne B, Wahli W.
From molecular action to physiological outputs: peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors are nuclear receptors at the crossroads of key cellular functions.
Prog Lipid Res 45:120-59 (2006)
Desvergne B, Michalik L, Wahli W.
Transcriptional regulation of metabolism.
Physiol Rev 86:465-514 (2006)
Mandard S, Muller M, Kersten S.
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha target genes.
Cell Mol Life Sci 61:393-416 (2004)
Desvergne B, Wahli W.
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors: nuclear control of metabolism.
Endocr Rev 20:649-88 (1999)
Savage DB.
PPARgamma as a metabolic regulator: insights from genomics and pharmacology.
Expert Rev Mol Med 2005:1-16 (2005)
Semple RK, Chatterjee VK, O'Rahilly S.
PPAR gamma and human metabolic disease.
J Clin Invest 116:581-9 (2006)
Lehrke M, Lazar MA.
The many faces of PPARgamma.
Cell 123:993-9 (2005)
Hauner H.
The mode of action of thiazolidinediones.
Diabetes Metab Res Rev 18 Suppl 2:S10-5 (2002)
cdk00071  Fatty acid degradation
cdk00072  Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
cdk00120  Primary bile acid biosynthesis
cdk00564  Glycerophospholipid metabolism
cdk04920  Adipocytokine signaling pathway
KO pathway

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