KEGG   DISEASE: Typhoid feverHelp
Entry
H00111                      Disease                                

Name
Typhoid fever
Description
Typhoid fever, or typhoid, caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi is a systemic febrile disease and endemic disease in many areas of the world, mainly in developing countries. Typhoid is transmitted through ingestion of contaminated water or food and characterized by a variable incubation period ranging from three days to one month. The symptoms include fever, rash, headache, abdominal complaints, nausea, vomiting and anorexia.
Category
Infectious disease
Brite
Infectious diseases [BR:br08401]
 Bacterial infections
  Infections caused by enterobacteria
   H00111  Typhoid fever
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
 01 Certain infectious or parasitic diseases
  Gastroenteritis or colitis of infectious origin
   Bacterial intestinal infections
    1A07  Typhoid fever
     H00111  Typhoid fever
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway
hsa05132  Salmonella infection
Pathogen
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhi [GN:sty stt sex]
  Module
M00856  Salmonella enterica pathogenicity signature, typhoid toxin
M00857  Salmonella enterica pathogenicity signature, Vi antigen
Drug
Chloramphenicol sodium succinate [DR:D02185]
Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride [DR:D02216]
Other DBs
ICD-11: 1A07
ICD-10: A01.0
MeSH: D014435
MedlinePlus: 001332
Reference
  Authors
Bhunia R, Hutin Y, Ramakrishnan R, Pal N, Sen T, Murhekar M
  Title
A typhoid fever outbreak in a slum of South Dumdum municipality, West Bengal, India, 2007: evidence for foodborne and waterborne transmission.
  Journal
BMC Public Health 9:115 (2009)
DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-9-115
Reference
  Authors
Crump JA, Mintz ED
  Title
Global trends in typhoid and paratyphoid Fever.
  Journal
Clin Infect Dis 50:241-6 (2010)
DOI:10.1086/649541
Reference
  Authors
Kaur J, Jain SK
  Title
Role of antigens and virulence factors of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi in its pathogenesis.
  Journal
Microbiol Res 167:199-210 (2012)
DOI:10.1016/j.micres.2011.08.001
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