KEGG   DISEASE: Dilated cardiomyopathy
H00294                      Disease                                

Dilated cardiomyopathy
Barth syndrome (BTHS) [DS:H00654]
Dystrophinopathies [DS:H00562]
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart muscle disease characterised by dilation and impaired contraction of the left or both ventricles that results in progressive heart failure and sudden cardiac death from ventricular arrhythmia. Genetically inherited forms of DCM ("familial" DCM) have been identified in 25-35% of patients presenting with this disease, and the inherited gene defects are an important cause of "familial" DCM. The pathophysiology may be separated into two categories: defects in force generation and defects in force transmission. In cases where an underlying pathology cannot be identified, the patient is diagnosed with an "idiopathic" DCM. Current hypotheses regarding causes of "idiopathic" DCM focus on myocarditis induced by enterovirus and subsequent autoimmune myocardium impairments. Antibodies to the beta1-adrenergic receptor (beta1AR), which are detected in a substantial number of patients with "idiopathic" DCM, may increase the concentration of intracellular cAMP and intracellular Ca2+, a condition often leading to a transient hyper-performance of the heart followed by depressed heart function and heart failure.
Cardiovascular disease
Human diseases [BR:br08402]
 Cardiovascular diseases
  Cardiac diseases
   H00294  Dilated cardiomyopathy
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
 11 Diseases of the circulatory system
  Diseases of the myocardium or cardiac chambers
   BC43  Cardiomyopathy
    H00294  Dilated cardiomyopathy
hsa05414  Dilated cardiomyopathy
(CMD1A) LMNA [HSA:4000] [KO:K12641]
(CMD1B) DMD [HSA:1756] [KO:K10366]
(CMD1C) LDB3 [HSA:11155] [KO:K19867]
(CMD1D) TNNT2 [HSA:7139] [KO:K12045]
(CMD1E) SCN5A [HSA:6331] [KO:K04838]
(CMD1G) TTN [HSA:7273] [KO:K12567]
(CMD1I) DES [HSA:1674] [KO:K07610]
(CMD1J) EYA4 [HSA:2070] [KO:K17622]
(CMD1L) SGCD [HSA:6444] [KO:K12563]
(CMD1M) CSRP3 [HSA:8048] [KO:K09377]
(CMD1N) TCAP [HSA:8557] [KO:K19879]
(CMD1O) ABCC9 [HSA:10060] [KO:K05033]
(CMD1P) PLN [HSA:5350] [KO:K05852]
(CMD1R) ACTC1 [HSA:70] [KO:K12314]
(CMD1S) MYH7 [HSA:4625] [KO:K17751]
(CMD1T) TMPO [HSA:7112] [KO:K24031]
(CMD1U) PSEN1 [HSA:5663] [KO:K04505]
(CMD1V) PSEN2 [HSA:5664] [KO:K04522]
(CMD1W) VCL [HSA:7414] [KO:K05700]
(CMD1X) FKTN [HSA:2218] [KO:K19872]
(CMD1Y) TPM1 [HSA:7168] [KO:K10373]
(CMD1Z) TNNC1 [HSA:7134] [KO:K05865]
(CMD2A) TNNI3 [HSA:7137] [KO:K12044]
(CMD2B) GATAD1 [HSA:57798] [KO:K23407]
(CMD2C) PPCS [HSA:79717] [KO:K01922]
(CMD1AA) ACTN2 [HSA:88] [KO:K21073]
(CMD1CC) NEXN [HSA:91624] [KO:K23918]
(CMD1DD) RBM20 [HSA:282996] [KO:K24052]
(CMD1EE) MYH6 [HSA:4624] [KO:K17751]
(CMD1FF) TNNI3 [HSA:7137] [KO:K12044]
(CMD1GG) SDHA [HSA:6389] [KO:K00234]
(CMD1HH) BAG3 [HSA:9531] [KO:K09557]
(CMD1II) CRYAB [HSA:1410] [KO:K09542]
(CMD1JJ) LAMA4 [HSA:3910] [KO:K06241]
(CMD1KK) MYPN [HSA:84665] [KO:K22028]
(CMD1MM) MYBPC3 [HSA:4607] [KO:K12568]
(CMD1NN) RAF1 [HSA:5894] [KO:K04366]
(BTHS) TAZ [HSA:6901] [KO:K13511]
HLA-DRB1 (polymorphism) [HSA:3123] [KO:K06752]
HLA-DPA1 (polymorphism) [HSA:3113] [KO:K06752]
HLA-DPB1 (polymorphism) [HSA:3115] [KO:K06752]
HLA-DQA1 (polymorphism) [HSA:3117] [KO:K06752]
HLA-DQB1 (polymorphism) [HSA:3119] [KO:K06752]
Env factor
LPS [CPD:C00338]
Ethanol [CPD:C00469]
Low oxygen [CPD:C00007]
Other DBs
ICD-11: BC43.0
ICD-10: I42
OMIM: 115200 302045 601493 601494 601154 604145 604765 605362 606685 607482 608569 609909 613424 613426 613694 613697 611407 611615 611878 611879 611880 614672 618189 612158 613122 613172 613252 613286 613642 613881 615184 615235 615248 615396 615916 607487
Fatkin D, Graham RM
Molecular mechanisms of inherited cardiomyopathies.
Physiol Rev 82:945-80 (2002)
Moolman-Smook JC, Mayosi BM, Brink PA, Corfield VA
Molecular genetics of cardiomyopathy: changing times, shifting paradigms.
Cardiovasc J S Afr 14:145-55 (2003)
Hershberger RE, Morales A, Siegfried JD
Clinical and genetic issues in dilated cardiomyopathy: a review for genetics professionals.
Genet Med 12:655-67 (2010)
Franciosi S
Nexilin: a potential novel factor contributing to dilated cardiomyopathy.
Clin Genet 77:535-6 (2010)
Levitas A, Muhammad E, Harel G, Saada A, Caspi VC, Manor E, Beck JC, Sheffield V, Parvari R
Familial neonatal isolated cardiomyopathy caused by a mutation in the flavoprotein subunit of succinate dehydrogenase.
Eur J Hum Genet 18:1160-5 (2010)
Arimura T, Hayashi YK, Murakami T, Oya Y, Funabe S, Arikawa-Hirasawa E, Hattori N, Nishino I, Kimura A
Mutational analysis of fukutin gene in dilated cardiomyopathy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Circ J 73:158-61 (2009)
Theis JL, Sharpe KM, Matsumoto ME, Chai HS, Nair AA, Theis JD, de Andrade M, Wieben ED, Michels VV, Olson TM
Homozygosity mapping and exome sequencing reveal GATAD1 mutation in autosomal recessive dilated cardiomyopathy.
Circ Cardiovasc Genet 4:585-94 (2011)
Knoll R, Postel R, Wang J, Kratzner R, Hennecke G, Vacaru AM, Vakeel P, Schubert C, Murthy K, Rana BK, Kube D, Knoll G, Schafer K, Hayashi T, Holm T, Kimura A, Schork N, Toliat MR, Nurnberg P, Schultheiss HP, Schaper W, Schaper J, Bos E, Den Hertog J, van Eeden FJ, Peters PJ, Hasenfuss G, Chien KR, Bakkers J
Laminin-alpha4 and integrin-linked kinase mutations cause human cardiomyopathy via simultaneous defects in cardiomyocytes and endothelial cells.
Circulation 116:515-25 (2007)
Meyer T, Ruppert V, Ackermann S, Richter A, Perrot A, Sperling SR, Posch MG, Maisch B, Pankuweit S
Novel mutations in the sarcomeric protein myopalladin in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.
Eur J Hum Genet 21:294-300 (2013)

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