KEGG   DISEASE: LeishmaniasisHelp
Entry
H00359                      Disease                                

Name
Leishmaniasis
Description
Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne disease that affects millions of people especially in developing countries of Africa, the Americas, and Asia. Leishmaniasis is caused by a protozoan parasite of the genus Leishmania transmitted to humans by phlebotomine sandflies. In humans, leishmanial infections cause cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL), and visceral leishmaniasis/kala-azar (VL). There is no defined vaccine available against the disease.
Category
Infectious disease
Brite
Infectious diseases [BR:br08401]
 Parasitic infections (protists)
  Infections caused by Euglenozoa
   H00359  Leishmaniasis
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
 01 Certain infectious or parasitic diseases
  Parasitic diseases
   Nonintestinal protozoal diseases
    1F54  Leishmaniasis
     H00359  Leishmaniasis
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway
hsa05140  Leishmaniasis
Pathogen
Leishmania major [GN:lma] (Cutaneous leishmaniasis)
Leishmania infantum [GN:lif] (Kala-azar / Visceral leishmaniasis)
Leishmania mexicana MHOM/GT/2001/U1103 [GN:lmi]
Leishmania donovani [GN:ldo]
Leishmania braziliensis [GN:lbz]
Drug
Amphotericin B [DR:D00203]
Miltefosine [DR:D02494]
Comment
Vector: Phlebotomus papatasi (sand fly)
Other DBs
ICD-11: 1F54
ICD-10: B55
MeSH: D007896
MedlinePlus: 001386
Reference
  Authors
Torres-Guerrero E, Quintanilla-Cedillo MR, Ruiz-Esmenjaud J, Arenas R
  Title
Leishmaniasis: a review.
  Journal
F1000Res 6:750 (2017)
DOI:10.12688/f1000research.11120.1
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