KEGG   DISEASE: Varicella
Entry
H00366                      Disease                                

Name
Varicella;
Chickenpox;
Herpes zoster;
Shingles
Description
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV), also known as human herpes virus 3 (HHV-3), is a human pathogen of the Herpesviridae family that has a double-stranded linear DNA genome. Primary infection usually causes varicella (chickenpox) in children, after which the virus establishes latency in sensory neurons. Subsequent reactivation causes herpes zoster (shingles) in adults.
Category
Infectious disease
Brite
Infectious diseases [BR:br08401]
 Viral infections
  Infections caused by dsDNA viruses
   H00366  Varicella
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
 01 Certain infectious or parasitic diseases
  Viral infections characterised by skin or mucous membrane lesions
   Varicella zoster virus infections
    1E90  Varicella
     H00366  Varicella
    1E91  Zoster
     H00366  Varicella
Pathogen
Human herpesvirus 3 [GN:T40078]
Drug
Dexamethasone sodium phosphate [DR:D00975]
Hydrocortisone [DR:D00088]
Acyclovir [DR:D00222]
Acyclovir sodium [DR:D02764]
Cortisone acetate [DR:D00973]
Famciclovir [DR:D00317]
Valacyclovir hydrochloride [DR:D00398]
Varicella-zoster immune globulin [DR:D06284]
Other DBs
ICD-11: 1E90 1E91
ICD-10: B01 B02
MeSH: D002644 D006562
MedlinePlus: 001592
Reference
  Authors
Chisholm C, Lopez L
  Title
Cutaneous infections caused by Herpesviridae: a review.
  Journal
Arch Pathol Lab Med 135:1357-62 (2011)
DOI:10.5858/arpa.2010-0156-RS
Reference
  Authors
Quinlivan M, Breuer J
  Title
Molecular and therapeutic aspects of varicella-zoster virus infection.
  Journal
Expert Rev Mol Med 7:1-24 (2005)
DOI:10.1017/S146239940500966X
Reference
PMID:9514102
  Authors
Harper DR, Gilbert RL, Jeffries DJ
  Title
Molecular biology of varicella-zoster virus. A review prepared for the UK Advisory Group on Chickenpox.
  Journal
J Infect 36 Suppl 1:1-10 (1998)
DOI:10.1016/S0163-4453(98)80149-7
Reference
  Authors
Gilden D, Mahalingam R, Nagel MA, Pugazhenthi S, Cohrs RJ
  Title
Review: The neurobiology of varicella zoster virus infection.
  Journal
Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol 37:441-63 (2011)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2990.2011.01167.x
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