Narcolepsy is a disabling sleep disorder characterized by irresistible excessive daytime sleepiness and cataplexy, a condition triggered by strong emotions leading to a sudden loss of muscle tone. Narcolepsy is a rare and mainly sporadic disorder. Familial narcolepsy accounts for less than 10% of all narcolepsy cases, and causative mutations have not been identified to date. The discovery of hypocretin-1 (HCRT) deficiency shed light on the underlying pathophysiology of the disease. The hypocretin neurotransmission system was shown to play a major role in controlling vigilance states. Because of the strong HLA association, hypocretin deficiency is believed to be caused by an autoimmune attack. It has also been reported that a missense mutation in myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) is the cause of narcolepsy.
Nervous system disease
Human diseases [BR:
Nervous system diseases
Other nervous and sensory system diseases
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:
07 Sleep-wake disorders
Sodium oxybate [DR:
Amphetamine sulfate [DR:
Dextroamphetamine sulfate [DR:
Methylphenidate hydrochloride [DR:
Solriamfetol hydrochloride [DR:
Pitolisant hydrochloride [DR:
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A mutation in a case of early onset narcolepsy and a generalized absence of hypocretin peptides in human narcoleptic brains.
Nat Med 6:991-7 (2000)
Hor H, Bartesaghi L, Kutalik Z, Vicario JL, de Andres C, Pfister C, Lammers GJ, Guex N, Chrast R, Tafti M, Peraita-Adrados R
A missense mutation in myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein as a cause of familial narcolepsy with cataplexy.
Am J Hum Genet 89:474-9 (2011)
Kornum BR, Faraco J, Mignot E
Narcolepsy with hypocretin/orexin deficiency, infections and autoimmunity of the brain.
Curr Opin Neurobiol 21:897-903 (2011)
Hirai N, Nishino S
Recent advances in the treatment of narcolepsy.
Curr Treat Options Neurol 13:437-57 (2011)
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