DISEASE: Anaerobic infection
Foodborne Clostridium perfringens intoxication [DS:
Gas gangrene [DS:
Pseudomembranous colitis [DS:
Propionibacterium acnes infection [DS:
Acne vulgaris [DS:
Periodontal diseases [DS:
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis [DS:
Bacteroides infection [DS:
Anaerobic infections are common and some are serious with a high mortality rate. The clinically important anaerobes are several genera of Gram-negative rods (Bacteroides, Prevotella, Porphyromonas, Fusobacterium and Bilophila). Among the Gram-positive anaerobes, there are cocci (primarily Peptostreptococcus) and sporeforming (Clostridium) and non-sporeforming bacilli (especially Actinomyces and Propionibacterium). In terms of frequency, there are four major sites of anaerobic infection - pleuropulmonary, intra-abdominal, female genital tract, and skin and soft tissue infections (with or without involvement of underlying bone). Infectious diseases caused by these anaerobes include following symptoms, bacteremia, brain abscess, neck space infections and infections following head and neck surgery, chronic sinusitis and otitis media, dental and oral infections, pleuropulmonary infections, intra-abdominal infections, female genital tract infections, non-puerperal breast abscesses and diabetic foot ulcers.
Infectious diseases [BR:
Infections caused by bacteria
H01410 Anaerobic infection
Infectious disease caused by Bacteroides spp., Prevotella spp., Porphyromonas spp., Porphyromonas spp., Fusobacterium spp., Peptostreptococcus spp., Clostridium spp., Bilophila spp. and Actinomyces spp..
Anaerobic infections in humans: an overview.
Anaerobe 1:3-9 (1995)
Goto T, Yamashita A, Hirakawa H, Matsutani M, Todo K, Ohshima K, Toh H, Miyamoto K, Kuhara S, Hattori M, Shimizu T, Akimoto S.
Complete genome sequence of Finegoldia magna, an anaerobic opportunistic pathogen.
DNA Res 15:39-47 (2008)
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