KEGG   DISEASE: Genetic obesity
Entry
H02106                      Disease                                

Name
Genetic obesity
  Subgroup
Leptin deficiency [DS:H02059]
Leptin receptor deficiency [DS:H02060]
Prohormone convertase 1/3 deficiency [DS:H02105]
Description
Obesity predisposes to many diseases. It has a very heterogeneous phenotypic expression and the molecular mechanisms involved in its development are diverse. Although environmental factors are important, genes also have a significant role in its pathogenesis. Several genes that are involved in monogenic, syndromic and polygenic obesity, have been identified.
Category
Endocrine and metabolic disease
Brite
Human diseases [BR:br08402]
 Endocrine and metabolic diseases
  Other endocrine and metabolic diseases
   H02106  Genetic obesity
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
 05 Endocrine, nutritional or metabolic diseases
  Nutritional disorders
   Overweight, obesity or specific nutrient excesses
    Overweight or obesity
     5B81  Obesity
      H02106  Genetic obesity
Pathway
hsa04080 Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction   
hsa04714 Thermogenesis   
hsa04923 Regulation of lipolysis in adipocytes   
hsa03320 PPAR signaling pathway   
Gene
NR0B2 [HSA:8431] [KO:K08563]
SDC3 [HSA:9672] [KO:K16337]
POMC [HSA:5443] [KO:K05228]
GHRL [HSA:51738] [KO:K05254]
PPARG [HSA:5468] [KO:K08530]
CARTPT [HSA:9607]
PPARGC1B [HSA:133522] [KO:K17962]
SIM1 [HSA:6492] [KO:K09100]
ENPP1 [HSA:5167] [KO:K01513]
ADRB2 [HSA:154] [KO:K04142]
ADRB3 [HSA:155] [KO:K04143]
AGRP [HSA:181] [KO:K05231]
MC4R [HSA:4160] [KO:K04202]
UCP1 [HSA:7350] [KO:K08769]
UCP3 [HSA:7352] [KO:K15103]
(BMIQ4) UCP2 [HSA:7351] [KO:K15103]
(BMIQ9) MC3R [HSA:4159] [KO:K04201]
(BMIQ10) FFAR4 [HSA:338557] [KO:K08425]
(BMIQ11) SLC6A14 [HSA:11254] [KO:K05047]
(BMIQ12) PCSK1 [HSA:5122] [KO:K01359]
(BMIQ14) FTO [HSA:79068] [KO:K19469]
(BMIQ17) AQP7 [HSA:364] [KO:K08771]
(BMIQ18) MRAP2 [HSA:112609]
(BMIQ19) ADCY3 [HSA:109] [KO:K08043]
Comment
BMIQ is an abbreviation for BMI (body mass index) quantitative trait locus.
Other DBs
ICD-11: 5B81.Y
ICD-10: E66.8
MeSH: D009765
OMIM: 601665 606641 607447 602025 607514 300306 612362 612460 614411 615457 617885
Reference
  Authors
Bell CG, Walley AJ, Froguel P
  Title
The genetics of human obesity.
  Journal
Nat Rev Genet 6:221-34 (2005)
DOI:10.1038/nrg1556
Reference
  Authors
Barness LA, Opitz JM, Gilbert-Barness E
  Title
Obesity: genetic, molecular, and environmental aspects.
  Journal
Am J Med Genet A 143A:3016-34 (2007)
DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.32035
Reference
  Authors
Wybranska I, Malczewska-Malec M, Dembinska-Kiec A
  Title
Genetic Aspects of Obesity.
  Journal
EJIFCC 17:142-158 (2006)
Reference
  Authors
Nishigori H, Tomura H, Tonooka N, Kanamori M, Yamada S, Sho K, Inoue I, Kikuchi N, Onigata K, Kojima I, Kohama T, Yamagata K, Yang Q, Matsuzawa Y, Miki T, Seino S, Kim MY, Choi HS, Lee YK, Moore DD, Takeda J
  Title
Mutations in the small heterodimer partner gene are associated with mild obesity in Japanese subjects.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98:575-80 (2001)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.021544398
Reference
  Authors
Ha E, Kim MJ, Choi BK, Rho JJ, Oh DJ, Rho TH, Kim KH, Lee HJ, Shin DH, Yim SV, Baik HH, Chung JH, Kim JW
  Title
Positive association of obesity with single nucleotide polymorphisms of syndecan 3 in the Korean population.
  Journal
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:5095-9 (2006)
DOI:10.1210/jc.2005-2086
Reference
  Authors
Ichimura A, Hirasawa A, Poulain-Godefroy O, Bonnefond A, Hara T, Yengo L, Kimura I, Leloire A, Liu N, Iida K, Choquet H, Besnard P, Lecoeur C, Vivequin S, Ayukawa K, Takeuchi M, Ozawa K, Tauber M, Maffeis C, Morandi A, Buzzetti R, Elliott P, Pouta A, Jarvelin MR, Korner A, Kiess W, Pigeyre M, Caiazzo R, Van Hul W, Van Gaal L, Horber F, Balkau B, Levy-Marchal C, Rouskas K, Kouvatsi A, Hebebrand J, Hinney A, Scherag A, Pattou F, Meyre D, Koshimizu TA, Wolowczuk I, Tsujimoto G, Froguel P
  Title
Dysfunction of lipid sensor GPR120 leads to obesity in both mouse and human.
  Journal
Nature 483:350-4 (2012)
DOI:10.1038/nature10798
Reference
  Authors
Durand E, Boutin P, Meyre D, Charles MA, Clement K, Dina C, Froguel P
  Title
Polymorphisms in the amino acid transporter solute carrier family 6 (neurotransmitter transporter) member 14 gene contribute to polygenic obesity in  French Caucasians.
  Journal
Diabetes 53:2483-6 (2004)
DOI:10.2337/diabetes.53.9.2483
Reference
  Authors
Kamei Y, Ohizumi H, Fujitani Y, Nemoto T, Tanaka T, Takahashi N, Kawada T, Miyoshi M, Ezaki O, Kakizuka A
  Title
PPARgamma coactivator 1beta/ERR ligand 1 is an ERR protein ligand, whose expression induces a high-energy expenditure and antagonizes obesity.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:12378-83 (2003)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.2135217100
Reference
  Authors
Asai M, Ramachandrappa S, Joachim M, Shen Y, Zhang R, Nuthalapati N, Ramanathan V, Strochlic DE, Ferket P, Linhart K, Ho C, Novoselova TV, Garg S, Ridderstrale M, Marcus C, Hirschhorn JN, Keogh JM, O'Rahilly S, Chan LF, Clark AJ, Farooqi IS, Majzoub JA
  Title
Loss of function of the melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein 2 is associated with mammalian obesity.
  Journal
Science 341:275-8 (2013)
DOI:10.1126/science.1233000
Reference
  Authors
Ceperuelo-Mallafre V, Miranda M, Chacon MR, Vilarrasa N, Megia A, Gutierrez C, Fernandez-Real JM, Gomez JM, Caubet E, Fruhbeck G, Vendrell J
  Title
Adipose tissue expression of the glycerol channel aquaporin-7 gene is altered in severe obesity but not in type 2 diabetes.
  Journal
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:3640-5 (2007)
DOI:10.1210/jc.2007-0531
Reference
  Authors
Locke AE, Kahali B, Berndt SI, Justice AE, Pers TH, Day FR, Powell C, Vedantam S, Buchkovich ML, Yang J, Croteau-Chonka DC, Esko T, Fall T, Ferreira T, Gustafsson S, Kutalik Z, Luan J, Magi R, Randall JC, Winkler TW, Wood AR, Workalemahu T, Faul JD, Smith JA, Zhao JH, Zhao W, Chen J, Fehrmann R, Hedman AK, Karjalainen J, Schmidt EM, Absher D, Amin N, Anderson D, Beekman M, Bolton JL, Bragg-Gresham JL, Buyske S, Demirkan A, Deng G, Ehret GB, Feenstra B, Feitosa MF, Fischer K, Goel A, Gong J, Jackson AU, Kanoni S, Kleber ME, Kristiansson K, Lim U, Lotay V, Mangino M, Leach IM, Medina-Gomez C, Medland SE, Nalls MA, Palmer CD, Pasko D, Pechlivanis S, Peters MJ, Prokopenko I, Shungin D, Stancakova A, Strawbridge RJ, Sung YJ, Tanaka T, Teumer A, Trompet S, van der Laan SW, van Setten J, Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk JV, Wang Z, Yengo L, Zhang W, Isaacs A, Albrecht E, Arnlov J, Arscott GM, Attwood AP, Bandinelli S, Barrett A, Bas IN, Bellis C, Bennett AJ, Berne C, Blagieva R, Bluher M, Bohringer S, Bonnycastle LL, Bottcher Y, Boyd HA, Bruinenberg M, Caspersen IH, Chen YI, Clarke R, Daw EW, de Craen AJM, Delgado G, Dimitriou M, Doney ASF, Eklund N, Estrada K, Eury E, Folkersen L, Fraser RM, Garcia ME, Geller F, Giedraitis V, Gigante B, Go AS, Golay A, Goodall AH, Gordon SD, Gorski M, Grabe HJ, Grallert H, Grammer TB, Grassler J, Gronberg H, Groves CJ, Gusto G, Haessler J, Hall P, Haller T, Hallmans G, Hartman CA, Hassinen M, Hayward C, Heard-Costa NL, Helmer Q, Hengstenberg C, Holmen O, Hottenga JJ, James AL, Jeff JM, Johansson A, Jolley J, Juliusdottir T, Kinnunen L, Koenig W, Koskenvuo M, Kratzer W, Laitinen J, Lamina C, Leander K, Lee NR, Lichtner P, Lind L, Lindstrom J, Lo KS, Lobbens S, Lorbeer R, Lu Y, Mach F, Magnusson PKE, Mahajan A, McArdle WL, McLachlan S, Menni C, Merger S, Mihailov E, Milani L, Moayyeri A, Monda KL, Morken MA, Mulas A, Muller G, Muller-Nurasyid M, Musk AW, Nagaraja R, Nothen MM, Nolte IM, Pilz S, Rayner NW, Renstrom F, Rettig R, Ried JS, Ripke S, Robertson NR, Rose LM, Sanna S, Scharnagl H, Scholtens S, Schumacher FR, Scott WR, Seufferlein T, Shi J, Smith AV, Smolonska J, Stanton AV, Steinthorsdottir V, Stirrups K, Stringham HM, Sundstrom J, Swertz MA, Swift AJ, Syvanen AC, Tan ST, Tayo BO, Thorand B, Thorleifsson G, Tyrer JP, Uh HW, Vandenput L, Verhulst FC, Vermeulen SH, Verweij N, Vonk JM, Waite LL, Warren HR, Waterworth D, Weedon MN, Wilkens LR, Willenborg C, Wilsgaard T, Wojczynski MK, Wong A, Wright AF, Zhang Q, Brennan EP, Choi M, Dastani Z, Drong AW, Eriksson P, Franco-Cereceda A, Gadin JR, Gharavi AG, Goddard ME, Handsaker RE, Huang J, Karpe F, Kathiresan S, Keildson S, Kiryluk K, Kubo M, Lee JY, Liang L, Lifton RP, Ma B, McCarroll SA, McKnight AJ, Min JL, Moffatt MF, Montgomery GW, Murabito JM, Nicholson G, Nyholt DR, Okada Y, Perry JRB, Dorajoo R, Reinmaa E, Salem RM, Sandholm N, Scott RA, Stolk L, Takahashi A, Tanaka T, van 't Hooft FM, Vinkhuyzen AAE, Westra HJ, Zheng W, Zondervan KT, Heath AC, Arveiler D, Bakker SJL, Beilby J, Bergman RN, Blangero J, Bovet P, Campbell H, Caulfield MJ, Cesana G, Chakravarti A, Chasman DI, Chines PS, Collins FS, Crawford DC, Cupples LA, Cusi D, Danesh J, de Faire U, den Ruijter HM, Dominiczak AF, Erbel R, Erdmann J, Eriksson JG, Farrall M, Felix SB, Ferrannini E, Ferrieres J, Ford I, Forouhi NG, Forrester T, Franco OH, Gansevoort RT, Gejman PV, Gieger C, Gottesman O, Gudnason V, Gyllensten U, Hall AS, Harris TB, Hattersley AT, Hicks AA, Hindorff LA, Hingorani AD, Hofman A, Homuth G, Hovingh GK, Humphries SE, Hunt SC, Hypponen E, Illig T, Jacobs KB, Jarvelin MR, Jockel KH, Johansen B, Jousilahti P, Jukema JW, Jula AM, Kaprio J, Kastelein JJP, Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi SM, Kiemeney LA, Knekt P, Kooner JS, Kooperberg C, Kovacs P, Kraja AT, Kumari M, Kuusisto J, Lakka TA, Langenberg C, Marchand LL, Lehtimaki T, Lyssenko V, Mannisto S, Marette A, Matise TC, McKenzie CA, McKnight B, Moll FL, Morris AD, Morris AP, Murray JC, Nelis M, Ohlsson C, Oldehinkel AJ, Ong KK, Madden PAF, Pasterkamp G, Peden JF, Peters A, Postma DS, Pramstaller PP, Price JF, Qi L, Raitakari OT, Rankinen T, Rao DC, Rice TK, Ridker PM, Rioux JD, Ritchie MD, Rudan I, Salomaa V, Samani NJ, Saramies J, Sarzynski MA, Schunkert H, Schwarz PEH, Sever P, Shuldiner AR, Sinisalo J, Stolk RP, Strauch K, Tonjes A, Tregouet DA, Tremblay A, Tremoli E, Virtamo J, Vohl MC, Volker U, Waeber G, Willemsen G, Witteman JC, Zillikens MC, Adair LS, Amouyel P, Asselbergs FW, Assimes TL, Bochud M, Boehm BO, Boerwinkle E, Bornstein SR, Bottinger EP, Bouchard C, Cauchi S, Chambers JC, Chanock SJ, Cooper RS, de Bakker PIW, Dedoussis G, Ferrucci L, Franks PW, Froguel P, Groop LC, Haiman CA, Hamsten A, Hui J, Hunter DJ, Hveem K, Kaplan RC, Kivimaki M, Kuh D, Laakso M, Liu Y, Martin NG, Marz W, Melbye M, Metspalu A, Moebus S, Munroe PB, Njolstad I, Oostra BA, Palmer CNA, Pedersen NL, Perola M, Perusse L, Peters U, Power C, Quertermous T, Rauramaa R, Rivadeneira F, Saaristo TE, Saleheen D, Sattar N, Schadt EE, Schlessinger D, Slagboom PE, Snieder H, Spector TD, Thorsteinsdottir U, Stumvoll M, Tuomilehto J, Uitterlinden AG, Uusitupa M, van der Harst P, Walker M, Wallaschofski H, Wareham NJ, Watkins H, Weir DR, Wichmann HE, Wilson JF, Zanen P, Borecki IB, Deloukas P, Fox CS, Heid IM, O'Connell JR, Strachan DP, Stefansson K, van Duijn CM, Abecasis GR, Franke L, Frayling TM, McCarthy MI, Visscher PM, Scherag A, Willer CJ, Boehnke M, Mohlke KL, Lindgren CM, Beckmann JS, Barroso I, North KE, Ingelsson E, Hirschhorn JN, Loos RJF, Speliotes EK
  Title
Genetic studies of body mass index yield new insights for obesity biology.
  Journal
Nature 518:197-206 (2015)
DOI:10.1038/nature14177
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