KEGG   ENZYME: 1.2.1.8Help
Entry
EC 1.2.1.8                  Enzyme                                 

Name
betaine-aldehyde dehydrogenase;
betaine aldehyde oxidase;
BADH;
betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase;
BetB
Class
Oxidoreductases;
Acting on the aldehyde or oxo group of donors;
With NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor
BRITE hierarchy
Sysname
betaine-aldehyde:NAD+ oxidoreductase
Reaction(IUBMB)
betaine aldehyde + NAD+ + H2O = betaine + NADH + 2 H+ [RN:R02565]
Reaction(KEGG)
R02565;
(other) R02566
Show
Substrate
betaine aldehyde [CPD:C00576];
NAD+ [CPD:C00003];
H2O [CPD:C00001]
Product
betaine [CPD:C00719];
NADH [CPD:C00004];
H+ [CPD:C00080]
Comment
In many bacteria, plants and animals, the osmoprotectant betaine is synthesized in two steps: (1) choline to betaine aldehyde and (2) betaine aldehyde to betaine. This enzyme is involved in the second step and appears to be the same in plants, animals and bacteria. In contrast, different enzymes are involved in the first reaction. In plants, this reaction is catalysed by EC 1.14.15.7 (choline monooxygenase), whereas in animals and many bacteria it is catalysed by either membrane-bound EC 1.1.99.1 (choline dehydrogenase) or soluble EC 1.1.3.17 (choline oxidase) [5]. In some bacteria, betaine is synthesized from glycine through the actions of EC 2.1.1.156 (glycine/sarcosine N-methyltransferase) and EC 2.1.1.157 (sarcosine/dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase).
History
EC 1.2.1.8 created 1961, modified 2005, modified 2011
Pathway
ec00260  Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
ec01100  Metabolic pathways
Orthology
K00130  betaine-aldehyde dehydrogenase
K14085  aldehyde dehydrogenase family 7 member A1
Genes
HSA: 501(ALDH7A1)
PTR: 462033(ALDH7A1)
PPS: 100970731(ALDH7A1)
GGO: 101148545(ALDH7A1) 101149382 109025015
PON: 100461726(ALDH7A1)
NLE: 100583462(ALDH7A1)
MCC: 702749(ALDH7A1)
MCF: 102120771(ALDH7A1)
CSAB: 103245164(ALDH7A1)
RRO: 104677423(ALDH7A1)
RBB: 108537700(ALDH7A1)
CJC: 100401828(ALDH7A1) 100410565(ALDH7A1) 103790723
SBQ: 101045920(ALDH7A1)
MMU: 110695(Aldh7a1)
RNO: 291450(Aldh7a1)
CGE: 100756509(Aldh7a1)
NGI: 103740420(Aldh7a1)
HGL: 101711696(Aldh7a1)
CCAN: 109699996(Aldh7a1)
OCU: 100344302(ALDH7A1)
TUP: 102495542(ALDH7A1)
CFA: 481486(ALDH7A1)
AML: 100475712(ALDH7A1)
UMR: 103670577(ALDH7A1)
ORO: 101372739(ALDH7A1)
FCA: 101086623(ALDH7A1)
PTG: 102951788(ALDH7A1)
AJU: 106970741(ALDH7A1)
BTA: 507477(ALDH7A1)
BOM: 102285292(ALDH7A1)
BIU: 109561847(ALDH7A1)
PHD: 102317005 102334119(ALDH7A1)
CHX: 102187125(ALDH7A1)
OAS: 101108127(ALDH7A1)
SSC: 106504110(ALDH7A1)
CFR: 102512958(ALDH7A1)
CDK: 105089785(ALDH7A1)
BACU: 103018812 103019170(ALDH7A1)
LVE: 103087111(ALDH7A1)
OOR: 101279003(ALDH7A1)
ECB: 100063766(ALDH7A1)
EPZ: 103557440(ALDH7A1)
EAI: 106842819(ALDH7A1)
MYB: 102247575(ALDH7A1)
MYD: 102754535(ALDH7A1)
HAI: 109379078(ALDH7A1)
RSS: 109440683 109447739(ALDH7A1)
PALE: 102880590(ALDH7A1)
LAV: 100656260(ALDH7A1)
TMU: 101361542
MDO: 100009965(ALDH7A1)
SHR: 100930576(ALDH7A1)
OAA: 100074256(ALDH7A1)
GGA: 426812(ALDH7A1)
MGP: 104915364(ALDH7A1)
CJO: 107306701(ALDH7A1)
APLA: 101793275(ALDH7A1)
ACYG: 106046528(ALDH7A1)
TGU: 100223716(ALDH7A1)
GFR: 102042249(ALDH7A1)
FAB: 101806923(ALDH7A1)
PHI: 102106824(ALDH7A1)
PMAJ: 107198296(ALDH7A1)
CCAE: 111941214(ALDH7A1)
CCW: 104690506(ALDH7A1)
FPG: 101917601(ALDH7A1)
FCH: 102052577(ALDH7A1)
CLV: 102091436(ALDH7A1)
EGZ: 104124248(ALDH7A1)
AAM: 106498570(ALDH7A1)
ASN: 102368427(ALDH7A1)
AMJ: 102563610(ALDH7A1)
PSS: 102458471(ALDH7A1)
CMY: 102940167(ALDH7A1)
CPIC: 101937973(ALDH7A1)
ACS: 100560663(aldh7a1)
PVT: 110077534(ALDH7A1)
PBI: 103049565(ALDH7A1)
GJA: 107112391(ALDH7A1)
XLA: 108707197(aldh7a1.S) 447522(aldh7a1.L)
XTR: 549131(aldh7a1)
NPR: 108799792(ALDH7A1)
DRE: 334197(aldh7a1)
SRX: 107715563(aldh7a1)
SANH: 107657454(aldh7a1)
SGH: 107573911(aldh7a1)
CCAR: 109097311(aldh7a1)
IPU: 108277325(aldh7a1)
AMEX: 103034062(aldh7a1)
TRU: 101066288(aldh7a1)
LCO: 104931924(aldh7a1)
NCC: 104947674(aldh7a1)
MZE: 101482988(aldh7a1)
OLA: 101157525(aldh7a1)
XMA: 102233064(aldh7a1)
PRET: 103464136(aldh7a1)
NFU: 107392683(aldh7a1)
KMR: 108230647(aldh7a1)
CSEM: 103393055(aldh7a1)
LCF: 108881294(aldh7a1)
SDU: 111217230(aldh7a1)
HCQ: 109522068(aldh7a1)
BPEC: 110160079(aldh7a1)
MALB: 109958202(aldh7a1)
SASA: 100194754(aldh7a1)
OTW: 112220006(aldh7a1)
ELS: 105021749(aldh7a1)
SFM: 108929860(aldh7a1)
LCM: 102353526 102356888(ALDH7A1)
CMK: 103182361(aldh7a1)
CIN: 100184485
SPU: 588376
APLC: 110981183
SKO: 100370075
DME: Dmel_CG9629(CG9629)
DER: 6543557
DPE: 6602384
DSI: Dsimw501_GD12292(Dsim_GD12292)
DWI: 6643070
MDE: 101888197
AME: 411140
BIM: 100747121
BTER: 100648169
AEC: 105151044
ACEP: 105619807
PBAR: 105422187
HST: 105181543
DQU: 106746805
CFO: 105258160
LHU: 105668398
PGC: 109862314
PCF: 106790004
MDL: 103568681
TCA: 658395
DPA: 109541213
NVL: 108564650
BMOR: 101735616
PRAP: 110996914
HAW: 110372538
API: 100159019
DNX: 107173527
CLEC: 106664902
ZNE: 110841255
FCD: 110857963
TUT: 107369629
CEL: CELE_F01F1.6(alh-9)
CBR: CBG09070(Cbr-alh-9)
CRG: 105327683
MYI: 110455019
OBI: 106871909
EPA: 110236278
HMG: 100198995(aldh7a1)
ATH: AT1G54100(ALDH7B4) AT1G74920(ALDH10A8) AT3G48170(ALDH10A9)
GMX: 100170731(BADH2) 100170755(BADH1) 100811186 547717(TP55)
LJA: Lj4g3v1561610.1(Lj4g3v1561610.1) Lj6g3v1177340.1(Lj6g3v1177340.1)
SLY: 100301929(amadh2) 101252968 101253497(SlADH10A9)
NTO: 104107938
CCAV: 112516483
DOSA: Os04t0464200-01(Os04g0464200) Os08t0424500-01(Os08g0424500) Os09t0440300-01(Os09g0440300)
ATS: 109774117(LOC109774117)
PEQ: 110026035
PPP: 112278756
MGR: MGG_09456
MAW: MAC_07974
MAJ: MAA_01887
CMT: CCM_01703
MBE: MBM_01793
ANI: AN1430.2
ANG: ANI_1_1222144(An16g09060)
ABE: ARB_05104
TVE: TRV_07864
PTE: PTT_10408
SPO: SPCC550.10(meu8)
CNE: CNA07130
CNB: CNBA6940
ABP: AGABI1DRAFT114711(AGABI1DRAFT_114711)
ABV: AGABI2DRAFT194900(AGABI2DRAFT_194900)
DFA: DFA_02437
SPAR: SPRG_06143
ECO: b0312(betB)
ECJ: JW0304(betB)
ECD: ECDH10B_0299(betB)
ECOK: ECMDS42_0235(betB)
ECE: Z0399(betB)
ECS: ECs0358
ECF: ECH74115_0374(betB)
ETW: ECSP_0367(betB)
EOJ: ECO26_0346(betB)
EOI: ECO111_0346(betB)
EOH: ECO103_0289(betB)
ECOO: ECRM13514_0540(betB)
ECOH: ECRM13516_0288(betB)
ECG: E2348C_0274(betB)
EOK: G2583_0416(betB)
ESO: O3O_05360
ESM: O3M_19920
ESL: O3K_19940
ECW: EcE24377A_0327(betB)
ELH: ETEC_0368
EUN: UMNK88_359(betB)
ECC: c0432(betB)
ECP: ECP_0387
ECI: UTI89_C0341(betB)
ECV: APECO1_1678(betB)
ECX: EcHS_A0371(betB)
ECM: EcSMS35_0343(betB)
ECY: ECSE_0333
ECR: ECIAI1_0309(betB)
ECK: EC55989_0314(betB)
ECT: ECIAI39_0374(betB)
EOC: CE10_0277(betB)
EUM: ECUMN_0350(betB)
ECZ: ECS88_0320(betB)
ELO: EC042_0345(betB)
ESE: ECSF_0290
EBR: ECB_00268(betB)
EBD: ECBD_3346
EKF: KO11_22040(betB)
EAB: ECABU_c04080(betB)
EDJ: ECDH1ME8569_0300(betB)
EIH: ECOK1_0306(betB)
ENA: ECNA114_0303(betB)
ELW: ECW_m0386(betB)
ELL: WFL_01895(betB)
ELC: i14_0417(betB)
ELD: i02_0417(betB)
ELP: P12B_c0331(betB)
EBL: ECD_00268(betB)
EBE: B21_00271(betB)
ELF: LF82_0220(betB)
ECOI: ECOPMV1_00315(betB)
ECOJ: P423_01695
ECOS: EC958_0464(betB)
SFV: SFV_0323(betB)
EEC: EcWSU1_01154(betB) EcWSU1_03723(betB)
ESA: ESA_02048
CSK: ES15_2204(betB)
CTU: CTU_19210(betB)
KPU: KP1_1529(betB)
KPP: A79E_3656
KPE: KPK_3994(betB)
KPR: KPR_3974(betB) KPR_4626
KPX: PMK1_02912(betB_2)
KPNK: BN49_1639(betB)
KVA: Kvar_3784
KOX: KOX_13815
KOE: A225_1582
CKO: CKO_02583
CAMA: F384_02495
YPE: YPO1166(betB)
YPH: YPC_1226(betB)
YPA: YPA_1074
YPN: YPN_2835
YPM: YP_0993(betB)
YPZ: YPZ3_1056(betB)
YPD: YPD4_1015(betB)
YPX: YPD8_1112(betB)
YPW: CH59_678(betB)
YPJ: CH55_3927(betB)
YPV: BZ15_2391(betB)
YPL: CH46_3966(betB)
YPS: YPTB1196(betB)
YPO: BZ17_1331(betB)
YPI: YpsIP31758_2830(betB)
YPY: YPK_2916
YPB: YPTS_1276
YPQ: DJ40_1045(betB)
YPU: BZ21_459(betB)
YPR: BZ20_796(betB)
YPC: BZ23_790(betB)
YPF: BZ19_594(betB)
YRO: CH64_1867
SRL: SOD_c13930(betB1) SOD_c39130(betB)
SPLY: Q5A_007565(betB_2)
SMAR: SM39_0956(betB) SM39_3549
RAA: Q7S_06705
ECA: ECA1745(betB)
PATR: EV46_08340
PATO: GZ59_28570(betB)
PCT: PC1_2555
DDD: Dda3937_03412(betB)
ETA: ETA_17820(betB)
EPY: EpC_18730(betB)
EPR: EPYR_02019(betB)
EAM: EAMY_1714(betB)
EAY: EAM_1686(betB)
EBI: EbC_19410(betB) EbC_23310
ERJ: EJP617_28500(betB)
EGE: EM595_p0485(betB)
PAM: PANA_2167(betB)
PLF: PANA5342_2004(betB)
PAJ: PAJ_1483(betB)
PVA: Pvag_1615(betB)
PSTW: DSJ_15130
PLU: plu2349
PAY: PAU_01173(ydcW)
PMR: PMI1460(betB)
PMIB: BB2000_1490(betB)
XBO: XBJ1_0079(ydcW) XBJ1_3307(betB)
XBV: XBW1_0096 XBW1_3662(betB)
XNE: XNC1_1245(betB) XNC1_2270(ydcW)
XNM: XNC2_1220(betB) XNC2_2191(ydcW)
XDO: XDD1_1183(betB) XDD1_1920
PSX: DR96_2629(betB) DR96_2714
PRG: RB151_015530(betB_2)
PHEI: NCTC12003_02530(betB_2)
XCC: XCC3403(betB)
XCB: XC_0761
XCA: xcc-b100_0794(betB)
XCP: XCR_3741(betB)
XCV: XCV0775(betB)
XAX: XACM_0719(betB)
XAC: XAC0719(betB)
XCI: XCAW_03863(putA)
XFU: XFF4834R_chr07270(betB)
XPH: XppCFBP6546_16530(XppCFBP6546P_16530)
SML: Smlt2238(betB)
SMT: Smal_1833
SMZ: SMD_2019(betB)
VVU: VV2_1687
VVY: VVA0507
VPA: VPA1113
VAG: N646_4061
VSP: VS_II0057
VAN: VAA_01522
VAU: VANGNB10_cII0723(betB)
VTA: B0191(betB)
AWD: AWOD_II_1234(betB)
PPR: PBPRB1746(Z0399)
PAE: PA3504 PA5373(betB)
PAEV: N297_5558(betB)
PAEI: N296_5558(betB)
PAU: PA14_70950(betB)
PAP: PSPA7_6158(betB)
PAG: PLES_57681(betB)
PAF: PAM18_5493(betB)
PAEP: PA1S_29045
PAEM: U769_29545
PAEL: T223_29505
PAEU: BN889_05963(betB)
PAEG: AI22_04945
PAEC: M802_5556(betB)
PAEO: M801_5423(betB)
PMY: Pmen_0482
PMK: MDS_0518
PPSE: BN5_0372(betB)
PCQ: PcP3B5_61130(betB_4)
PPU: PP_0708 PP_5063(betB)
PPX: T1E_0194(betB) T1E_5715
PPUN: PP4_45650 PP4_51260(betB)
PST: PSPTO_0441(betB)
PSB: Psyr_4733
PSYR: N018_01790
PSP: PSPPH_4767(betB)
PFL: PFL_2912 PFL_4811(gbsA) PFL_5767(betB)
PPRC: PFLCHA0_c29580(betB1) PFLCHA0_c47910(gbsA) PFLCHA0_c57210(betB2)
PFS: PFLU_1502 PFLU_5685(betB)
PFC: PflA506_4981(betB)
PFB: VO64_2570
PMAN: OU5_3933(betB) OU5_4819
PEN: PSEEN0373(betB) PSEEN0848
PSA: PST_1745(betB)
PSZ: PSTAB_1639(betB)
PSR: PSTAA_1761(betB)
PKC: PKB_0826(ALDH10A9) PKB_4681 PKB_5709(betB)
PSOS: POS17_4788(gbsA) POS17_5703
PANR: A7J50_5411
PSIL: PMA3_28105
PAR: Psyc_0729(betB)
PALI: A3K91_2048
PSYC: DABAL43B_1030(betB)
PSYA: AOT82_1050
ABM: ABSDF2439(betB)
ABY: ABAYE1066 ABAYE2867(betB)
ABB: ABBFA_002457(ydcW) ABBFA_002683(betB)
ABX: ABK1_0914
ABAD: ABD1_08800(betB) ABD1_11020(ydcW)
ACI: ACIAD1009(betB)
ASJ: AsACE_CH01397(betB)
SDN: Sden_0714
SFR: Sfri_1947
SBL: Sbal_1324
SSE: Ssed_1120
SPL: Spea_1008
SHL: Shal_1058
SWD: Swoo_1197
SWP: swp_3810
SVO: SVI_1655(betB)
SPSW: Sps_03536
CPS: CPS_0096 CPS_1333(betB1) CPS_4011(betB2)
PHA: PSHAb0419(betB)
PAT: Patl_2588
PSM: PSM_B0494(betB)
PSEO: OM33_19480
PTN: PTRA_b0609(betB)
PEA: PESP_b0685(betB)
PSPO: PSPO_b0608(betB)
PART: PARC_b0652(betB)
PNG: PNIG_b0572(betB)
PTD: PTET_b0615(betB)
PSEN: PNC201_19700(betB)
MAQ: Maqu_3841
MHC: MARHY3769(betB)
MAD: HP15_3626(betB)
AMAL: I607_13555
AMAE: I876_13940
AMAO: I634_13785
AMAD: I636_13935
AMAI: I635_14310
AMAG: I533_13550
AMAC: MASE_13420
GPS: C427_1066
PIN: Ping_2071
MVS: MVIS_3006(betB)
MICC: AUP74_02645(betB)
LPN: lpg0238(gbsA)
LPH: LPV_0320(betB)
LPO: LPO_0277(betB)
LPM: LP6_0239(gbsA)
LPF: lpl0292
LPP: lpp0308
LPC: LPC_0314(gbsA)
LPA: lpa_00426
LPE: lp12_0242
GAI: IMCC3135_31335(betB_4)
HCH: HCH_00850(betB)
HCO: LOKO_01220(betB)
HBE: BEI_1084(betB2)
AXE: P40_20275
OAI: OLEAN_C35550(betB)
ASA: ASA_0843(betB)
OCE: GU3_07770
SALN: SALB1_2617
PSE: NH8B_1370
RSO: RSc1456(betB)
RIN: ACS15_0249(gbsA)
REH: H16_B2130(betB)
CNC: CNE_2c20940(betB) CNE_BB1p11670(betB1) CNE_BB1p12950(betB2)
CTI: RALTA_B1831(gbsA)
BMA: BMAA0915(betB)
BMV: BMASAVP1_0467(betB)
BML: BMA10229_0180(betB)
BMN: BMA10247_A1427(betB)
BMAL: DM55_4470(betB)
BMAE: DM78_3524(betB)
BMAQ: DM76_3420(betB)
BMAI: DM57_08900
BMAF: DM51_4600(betB)
BMAZ: BM44_4499(betB)
BMAB: BM45_3623(betB)
BPS: BPSL1647 BPSS1354(betB)
BPM: BURPS1710b_A0376(betB)
BPL: BURPS1106A_A1836(betB)
BPD: BURPS668_A1924(betB)
BPSE: BDL_4656(betB) BDL_5494(amadh1)
BPSM: BBQ_4797(betB)
BPSU: BBN_4796(betB)
BPSD: BBX_3819(betB) BBX_4660(amadh1)
BPZ: BP1026B_II1439(betB)
BPK: BBK_3959(betB)
BPSH: DR55_3925(betB)
BPSA: BBU_4690(betB)
BPSO: X996_3713(betB)
BUT: X994_5769(betB)
BTE: BTH_II1073(betB)
BTQ: BTQ_4363(betB)
BTJ: BTJ_5343(betB)
BTZ: BTL_3804(betB)
BTD: BTI_3860(betB)
BTV: BTHA_4074(betB)
BTHE: BTN_3854(betB)
BTHM: BTRA_3802(betB)
BTHA: DR62_3896
BTHL: BG87_3819(betB)
BOK: DM82_5542(betB)
BOC: BG90_5069(betB)
BVE: AK36_3331(betB)
BCEN: DM39_4701 DM39_4870(amadh1) DM39_5521(betB)
BCEW: DM40_3025(betB) DM40_3559
BCEO: I35_4324 I35_6235(betB)
BMJ: BMULJ_04980(betB)
BMK: DM80_4389 DM80_4480(amadh1) DM80_4926(betB)
BMUL: NP80_3536 NP80_5000(betB)
BCED: DM42_4735 DM42_5648(betB)
BDL: AK34_3457(betB) AK34_4907
BUB: BW23_3495(betB)
BLAT: WK25_27695
BTEI: WS51_08780
BSEM: WJ12_31630
BPSL: WS57_02500
BMEC: WJ16_30045
BSTG: WT74_30535
BGU: KS03_5149 KS03_5351(betB)
BGO: BM43_4365(betB) BM43_5571
BUK: MYA_3053
BUL: BW21_5853(betB)
BGP: BGL_2c07450(betB) BGL_2c18780(gbsA2)
BXB: DR64_6894(betB)
BFN: OI25_4020(betB)
PPNO: DA70_00420
PPNM: LV28_05895
PPUL: RO07_15695
PAPI: SG18_24365
PLG: NCTC10937_00666(betB_1)
BAV: BAV1908(betB)
BHZ: ACR54_02253(phdK_2)
AMIM: MIM_c20990(betB)
BPSI: IX83_01675
RFR: Rfer_0986
CFU: CFU_1108 CFU_1149(betB)
CARE: LT85_3661
CPRA: CPter91_3937(betB)
MEH: M301_1305
EBA: ebA4621(betB)
AZA: AZKH_p0150(betB)
PCA: Pcar_1701
DPI: BN4_10270(gbsA)
PPRF: DPRO_1092(betB)
DBA: Dbac_2823
DRT: Dret_0129
HOH: Hoch_4370
MLO: mll7608
AMIH: CO731_04446(betB_2)
SME: SMa1731(betB2) SMc00094(betB)
SMI: BN406_00604(betB1) BN406_03854(ALDH10A9) BN406_04688(betB2)
SMEL: SM2011_a1731(betB2) SM2011_c00094(betB)
SMD: Smed_0563
SIX: BSY16_1992(betB)
SAME: SAMCFNEI73_Ch1009(betB)
ATU: Atu0829(betB)
ARA: Arad_1352(betB) Arad_7226(betB)
ATF: Ach5_07470(betB)
AVI: Avi_1147(betB)
AGR: AGROH133_04538(betB)
AGC: BSY240_1542(betB)
REL: REMIM1_CH01139(betB)
RLE: RL1271(betB) RL1823
RLG: Rleg_0890
RTR: RTCIAT899_CH04950(betB)
RIR: BN877_I0811(betB)
RHL: LPU83_1116(betB)
RGA: RGR602_CH01060(betB)
RHN: AMJ98_CH01172(betB)
RPHA: AMC79_CH01179(betB)
RHT: NT26_0612 NT26_0754(betB)
RHX: AMK02_CH01176(betB)
RHK: Kim5_CH01270(betB)
BME: BMEI1382
BMEL: DK63_21(betB)
BMI: BMEA_A0589(betB)
BMZ: BM28_A0563(betB)
BMEE: DK62_853(betB)
BMF: BAB1_0576
BMB: BruAb1_0574(betB)
BABO: DK55_578(betB)
BABR: DO74_1310(betB)
BABT: DK49_340(betB)
BABB: DK48_1539(betB)
BABU: DK53_567(betB)
BABS: DK51_892(betB)
BABC: DO78_485(betB)
BMS: BR0552(betB)
BSI: BS1330_I0548(betB)
BSF: BSS2_I0536(betB)
BSUI: BSSP1_I1157(betB)
BSUP: BSPT1_I1167(betB)
BSUV: BSPT2_I1152(betB)
BSUC: BSSP2_I0561(betB)
BMT: BSUIS_A0580(betB)
BSZ: DK67_1476(betB)
BSV: BSVBI22_A0548(betB)
BOV: BOV_0553(betB)
BCS: BCAN_A0564(betB)
BOL: BCOUA_I0552(betB)
BCAR: DK60_629(betB)
BCAS: DA85_02615
BMR: BMI_I551(betB)
BPP: BPI_I585(betB)
BPV: DK65_809(betB)
OAN: Oant_2710
OAH: DR92_2192(betB)
OCH: CES85_0585(betB)
RPB: RPB_0137
AZC: AZC_1184
SNO: Snov_3030
MNO: Mnod_8400
MAQU: Maq22A_1p33280(putA)
HMC: HYPMC_1873(betB) HYPMC_3784(ALDH10A)
PHL: KKY_2548
MMED: Mame_00834(betB_1) Mame_05099(phdK)
HDI: HDIA_4710(betB)
SIL: SPO0084(betB)
RUE: DT065_15075(betB)
RSP: RSP_2183(betB)
RCP: RCAP_rcc00897(betB)
JAN: Jann_1493
RDE: RD1_2023(betB)
RLI: RLO149_c011680(betB)
PDE: Pden_1897
PAMN: JCM7685_1240(betB)
PSF: PSE_0427(betB)
PGA: PGA1_c21670(betB2)
PGL: PGA2_c20590(betB2)
PGD: Gal_01233
PHP: PhaeoP97_02134(betB2)
PPIC: PhaeoP14_01978(betB2)
OAT: OAN307_c11370(betB)
OAR: OA238_c05880(betB)
OTM: OSB_22380(betB)
PTP: RCA23_c28240(betB)
MALG: MALG_00884
SPSE: SULPSESMR1_00648(betB)
LVS: LOKVESSMR4R_02137(betB)
HNE: HNE_2219
NAR: Saro_2610
ACR: Acry_0990
AMV: ACMV_08970(betB)
MAG: amb2593
AZL: AZL_018080(betB) AZL_a09420(betB)
TXI: TH3_10840
PUB: SAR11_1343(dhaS)
BSU: BSU31060(gbsA)
BSR: I33_3190(betB)
BSL: A7A1_2216
BSH: BSU6051_31060(gbsA)
BSUT: BSUB_03320(gbsA)
BSUL: BSUA_03320(gbsA)
BSUS: Q433_16975
BSS: BSUW23_15080(gbsA)
BST: GYO_3384(betB)
BSO: BSNT_09556(gbsA)
BSQ: B657_31060(gbsA)
BSX: C663_2957(gbsA)
BLI: BL02564(gbsA)
BLD: BLi03270(gbsA)
BLH: BaLi_c33410(gbsA)
BAY: RBAM_028160(gbsA)
BAQ: BACAU_2802(betB)
BYA: BANAU_3004(gbsA)
BAMP: B938_14395
BAML: BAM5036_2726(gbsA)
BAMA: RBAU_2927(gbsA)
BAMN: BASU_2732(gbsA)
BAMB: BAPNAU_2990(gbsA)
BAMT: AJ82_15925
BAMY: V529_30710(gbsA)
BMP: NG74_02960(gbsA)
BAO: BAMF_2872(gbsA)
BAZ: BAMTA208_15140(gbsA)
BQL: LL3_03169(gbsA)
BXH: BAXH7_03104(gbsA)
BQY: MUS_3384(gbsA)
BAMI: KSO_005120
BAMC: U471_29130
BAMF: U722_15185
BHA: BH0203(gbsA)
BTM: MC28_0590
BCL: ABC0980(gbsA)
BPU: BPUM_2735
BPUM: BW16_14845
BPUS: UP12_14105
BMEG: BG04_2099(betB)
BAG: Bcoa_3318
BJS: MY9_3113
BACW: QR42_13910
BACP: SB24_14670
BACB: OY17_17385
BACY: QF06_13835
BACL: BS34A_33980(gbsA)
BALM: BsLM_3094
BEO: BEH_23780
BGY: BGLY_3657(gbsA)
BBEV: BBEV_3197(gbsA)
BALT: CFN77_14795(betB)
OCN: CUC15_19495(betB)
GTN: GTNG_1899 GTNG_1922(paaZ)
GGH: GHH_c19810(gbsA1)
HHD: HBHAL_1448(gbsA)
VIL: CFK37_09385(betB)
VNE: CFK40_01995(betB)
VPN: A21D_02194(gbsA)
BSE: Bsel_0170
SAU: SA2406(gbsA)
SAV: SAV2613(gbsA)
SAW: SAHV_2597(gbsA)
SAM: MW2532(gbsA)
SAS: SAS2498
SAR: SAR2691(cudA)
SAC: SACOL2628(betB)
SAX: USA300HOU_2606(betB)
SAA: SAUSA300_2546(betB)
SAE: NWMN_2510
SUJ: SAA6159_02509(gbsA)
SUK: SAA6008_02670(gbsA)
SUC: ECTR2_2466(betB)
SUQ: HMPREF0772_10578(betB)
SUZ: MS7_2617(betB)
SUX: SAEMRSA15_25170(cudA)
SUW: SATW20_27510(cudA)
SUG: SAPIG2660(betB)
SUF: SARLGA251_23850(cudA)
SAUA: SAAG_00432
SAUE: RSAU_002453(gbsA)
SAUS: SA40_2367(cudA)
SAUU: SA957_2451(cudA)
SAUG: SA268_2548(cudA)
SAUZ: SAZ172_2730(cudA)
SAUT: SAI1T1_2019510(gbsA)
SAUJ: SAI2T2_1019520(gbsA)
SAUK: SAI3T3_1019510(gbsA)
SAUQ: SAI4T8_1019520(gbsA)
SAUV: SAI7S6_1019510(gbsA)
SAUW: SAI5S5_1019450(gbsA)
SAUX: SAI6T6_1019460(gbsA)
SAUY: SAI8T7_1019490(gbsA)
SAUF: X998_2594(betB)
SAB: SAB2487c(cudA)
SUY: SA2981_2551(gbsA)
SAUB: C248_2672(cudA)
SAUC: CA347_2689(betB)
SAUR: SABB_02022(gbsA)
SAUI: AZ30_13665
SAUD: CH52_05945
SAMS: NI36_13100
SEP: SE2166
SER: SERP2177(betB)
SEPP: SEB_02169
SEPS: DP17_1103(betB)
SHA: SH0428(gbsA)
SHH: ShL2_00334(gbsA_2)
SSP: SSP0195
SCA: SCA_2163(cudA)
SLN: SLUG_03660(cudA)
SDT: SPSE_0240(betB)
SPAS: STP1_1123
SXO: SXYL_00225(cudA)
SHU: SHYC_01665(betB)
SCAP: AYP1020_1792(gbsA)
SSCH: LH95_01505
SSCZ: RN70_01845
SAGQ: EP23_08475
SSIF: AL483_11510(betB)
SPET: CEP67_07125(betB)
SSCU: CEP64_00360(betB)
SKL: C7J89_03000(betB)
SFQ: C7J90_04245(betB)
PMW: B2K_35285
PLV: ERIC2_c09340(gbsA)
THL: TEH_04590(gbsA)
CBE: Cbei_4936
CSR: Cspa_c29000(gbsA)
DAE: Dtox_4269
SAY: TPY_2986(prr)
MAV: MAV_2647
MUL: MUL_2789
MAB: MAB_3328
MABB: MASS_3266
CGB: cg0637(betB)
CDI: DIP2200(gbsA)
CDP: CD241_2089(gbsA)
CDH: CDB402_2064(gbsA)
CDT: CDHC01_2090(gbsA)
CDE: CDHC02_2084(gbsA)
CDR: CDHC03_2086(gbsA)
CDA: CDHC04_2116(gbsA)
CDB: CDBH8_2176(gbsA)
CDS: CDC7B_2182(gbsA)
CDD: CDCE8392_2104(gbsA)
CDW: CDPW8_2165(gbsA)
CDV: CDVA01_2012(gbsA)
CDIP: ERS451417_02235(gbsA)
CJK: jk1187(gbsA)
CUR: cu0806
CUA: CU7111_0792(gbsA)
CKP: ckrop_0230(gbsA)
CPU: cpfrc_01781(gbsA)
CPL: Cp3995_1830(gbsA)
CPG: Cp316_1836(gbsA)
CPP: CpP54B96_1811(gbsA)
CPK: Cp1002_1783(gbsA)
CPQ: CpC231_1773(gbsA)
CPX: CpI19_1791(gbsA)
CPZ: CpPAT10_1783(gbsA)
COR: Cp267_1851(gbsA)
COP: Cp31_1775(gbsA)
COD: Cp106_1740(gbsA)
COS: Cp4202_1772(gbsA)
COI: CpCIP5297_1800(gbsA)
COE: Cp258_1798(gbsA)
COU: Cp162_1758(gbsA)
CPSE: CPTA_00163
CPSU: CPTB_01366
CPSF: CPTC_01036
CRD: CRES_1279(gbsA)
CUL: CULC22_02012(gbsA)
CUC: CULC809_01853(gbsA)
CUE: CULC0102_2003(gbsA)
CUN: Cul210932_1982(gbsA)
CUS: CulFRC11_1872(gbsA)
CUQ: Cul210931_1927(gbsA)
CUZ: Cul05146_1970(gbsA)
CUJ: CUL131002_1894c(gbsA)
CVA: CVAR_1535(betB)
COA: DR71_945
CCJ: UL81_00455(gbsA)
CSP: WM42_1280
NCY: NOCYR_3119(gbsA)
GBR: Gbro_0856
GOR: KTR9_0773
TPR: Tpau_2793
SCO: SCO4828(gbsA) SCO5657(SC6A9.10c) SCO5666(SC6A9.01c)
SGB: WQO_27665
SCT: SCAT_3718(gbsA) SCAT_4463 SCAT_4468(dhaS)
SDV: BN159_2768(prr3) BN159_3585(gbsA1) BN159_7401(gbsA3)
SALU: DC74_6698
SALL: SAZ_34800
STRE: GZL_02070
SLD: T261_1291
SRW: TUE45_01813(gbsA_1)
SRN: A4G23_03499(gbsA)
SNR: SNOUR_09280(gbsA)
SMAL: SMALA_0691
SALJ: SMD11_2684(betB)
CMI: CMM_1951
MTS: MTES_0145
ARR: ARUE_c04840(gbsA)
ARX: ARZXY2_3152(betB)
AAU: AAur_0513(betB) AAur_0809
KRH: KRH_18110(betB)
CFL: Cfla_1495
SERJ: SGUI_0764
BLIN: BLSMQ_2408
DCO: SAMEA4475696_1216(gbsA)
PFR: PFREUD_01860(dha1)
PBO: PACID_07740(gbsA)
MPH: MLP_20690
NDK: I601_0282(gbsA)
NDA: Ndas_5405
NAL: B005_1735(gbsA)
FAL: FRAAL6022
KRA: Krad_0841
AMD: AMED_1201(betB) AMED_2617(betB) AMED_7134 AMED_7558(betB)
AMM: AMES_1194(betB) AMES_2589(betB) AMES_7446(betB)
AMZ: B737_1195(betB) B737_2590(betB) B737_7446(betB)
AOI: AORI_1198(betB) AORI_2602(betB)
AJA: AJAP_25815(gbsA)
AMQ: AMETH_4497(betB)
SESP: BN6_10730(prr1) BN6_44670(prr3)
KAL: KALB_3168
SAQ: Sare_1625
MIL: ML5_1231
ACTN: L083_4211(msmA)
SNA: Snas_2393
AFO: Afer_0573
CYA: CYA_0364
CYB: CYB_0715
STI: Sthe_0359
TDE: TDE0080(gbsA)
LBF: LBF_2575
TVO: TVG0388541(TVG0388541)
MTP: Mthe_0395
SAI: Saci_1099
 » show all
Taxonomy
Reference
1  [PMID:13192104]
  Authors
ROTHSCHILD HA, BARRON ES.
  Title
The oxidation of betaine aldehyde by betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 209:511-23 (1954)
Reference
2  [PMID:12736784]
  Authors
Livingstone JR, Maruo T, Yoshida I, Tarui Y, Hirooka K, Yamamoto Y, Tsutui N, Hirasawa E.
  Title
Purification and properties of betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase from Avena sativa.
  Journal
J Plant Res 116:133-40 (2003)
DOI:10.1007/s10265-003-0077-7
Reference
3  [PMID:12604197]
  Authors
Munoz-Clares RA, Gonzalez-Segura L, Mujica-Jimenez C, Contreras-Diaz L.
  Title
Ligand-induced conformational changes of betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Amaranthus hypochondriacus L. leaves affecting the reactivity of the catalytic thiol.
  Journal
Chem Biol Interact 143-144:129-37 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/S0009-2797(02)00197-7
Reference
4  [PMID:9792097]
  Authors
Johansson K, El-Ahmad M, Ramaswamy S, Hjelmqvist L, Jornvall H, Eklund H.
  Title
Structure of betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase at 2.1 A resolution.
  Journal
Protein Sci 7:2106-17 (1998)
DOI:10.1002/pro.5560071007
Reference
5  [PMID:12466265]
  Authors
Waditee R, Tanaka Y, Aoki K, Hibino T, Jikuya H, Takano J, Takabe T, Takabe T.
  Title
Isolation and functional characterization of N-methyltransferases that catalyze betaine synthesis from glycine in a halotolerant photosynthetic organism Aphanothece halophytica.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 278:4932-42 (2003)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.M210970200
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database: 1.2.1.8
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature: 1.2.1.8
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database: 1.2.1.8
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database: 1.2.1.8
CAS: 9028-90-4
LinkDB All DBs

DBGET integrated database retrieval system