KEGG   PATHWAY: ko00785
Entry
ko00785                     Pathway                                

Name
Lipoic acid metabolism
Class
Metabolism; Metabolism of cofactors and vitamins
Pathway map
ko00785  Lipoic acid metabolism
ko00785

Module
M00881  Lipoic acid biosynthesis, plants and bacteria, octanoyl-ACP => dihydrolipoyl-E2/H [PATH:ko00785]
M00882  Lipoic acid biosynthesis, eukaryotes, octanoyl-ACP => dihydrolipoyl-H [PATH:ko00785]
M00883  Lipoic acid biosynthesis, animals and bacteria, octanoyl-ACP => dihydrolipoyl-H => dihydrolipoyl-E2 [PATH:ko00785]
M00884  Lipoic acid biosynthesis, octanoyl-CoA => dihydrolipoyl-E2 [PATH:ko00785]
Other DBs
GO: 0009106
Orthology
K03801  lipoyl(octanoyl) transferase [EC:2.3.1.181]
K23734  lipoyl(octanoyl) transferase [EC:2.3.1.181]
K23735  lipoyl(octanoyl) transferase 2 [EC:2.3.1.181]
K03644  lipoyl synthase [EC:2.8.1.8]
K10105  lipoyltransferase 1
K16869  octanoyl-[GcvH]:protein N-octanoyltransferase [EC:2.3.1.204]
K23750  octanoyl-CoA:protein transferase [EC:2.3.1.-]
K03800  lipoate---protein ligase [EC:6.3.1.20]
K18821  lipoyl amidotransferase [EC:2.3.1.200]
K23756  medium-chain acyl-CoA ligase / lipoate-activating enzyme [EC:6.2.1.2]
K23763  lipoyl-AMP:Nepsilon-lysine lipoyltransferase / lipoyl(octanoyl) transferase [EC:2.3.1.181]
Compound
C01944  Octanoyl-CoA
C02051  Lipoylprotein
C02147  Dihydrolipoate
C02972  Dihydrolipoylprotein
C05752  Octanoyl-[acp]
C06423  Octanoic acid
C15972  Enzyme N6-(lipoyl)lysine
C15973  Enzyme N6-(dihydrolipoyl)lysine
C16238  Lipoyl-AMP
C16241  (R)-Lipoate
C22159  [Glycine cleavage system H]-N6-octanoyl-L-lysine
C22160  [Lipoyl-carrier protein E2]-N6-octanoyl-L-lysine
C22161  Dihydrolipoyl-AMP
Reference
  Authors
Gunther S, McMillan PJ, Wallace LJ, Muller S.
  Title
Plasmodium falciparum possesses organelle-specific alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes and lipoylation pathways.
  Journal
Biochem Soc Trans 33:977-80 (2005)
DOI:10.1042/BST20050977
Reference
  Authors
Fujiwara K, Takeuchi S, Okamura-Ikeda K, Motokawa Y.
  Title
Purification, characterization, and cDNA cloning of lipoate-activating enzyme from bovine liver.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 276:28819-23 (2001)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.M101748200
Reference
PMID:9808738
  Authors
Yasuno R, Wada H.
  Title
Biosynthesis of lipoic acid in Arabidopsis: cloning and characterization of the cDNA for lipoic acid synthase.
  Journal
Plant Physiol 118:935-43 (1998)
DOI:10.1104/pp.118.3.935
Reference
  Authors
Gueguen V, Macherel D, Jaquinod M, Douce R, Bourguignon J.
  Title
Fatty acid and lipoic acid biosynthesis in higher plant mitochondria.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 275:5016-25 (2000)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.275.7.5016
Reference
  Authors
Wada M, Yasuno R, Jordan SW, Cronan JE Jr, Wada H.
  Title
Lipoic acid metabolism in Arabidopsis thaliana: cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding lipoyltransferase.
  Journal
Plant Cell Physiol 42:650-6 (2001)
DOI:10.1093/pcp/pce081
Reference
PMID:8206909
  Authors
Morris TW, Reed KE, Cronan JE Jr.
  Title
Identification of the gene encoding lipoate-protein ligase A of Escherichia coli. Molecular cloning and characterization of the lplA gene and gene product.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 269:16091-100 (1994)
Reference
  Authors
Zhao X, Miller JR, Jiang Y, Marletta MA, Cronan JE.
  Title
Assembly of the covalent linkage between lipoic acid and its cognate enzymes.
  Journal
Chem Biol 10:1293-302 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2003.11.016
Reference
  Authors
Nesbitt NM, Baleanu-Gogonea C, Cicchillo RM, Goodson K, Iwig DF, Broadwater JA, Haas JA, Fox BG, Booker SJ.
  Title
Expression, purification, and physical characterization of Escherichia coli lipoyl(octanoyl)transferase.
  Journal
Protein Expr Purif 39:269-82 (2005)
DOI:10.1016/j.pep.2004.10.021
Reference
  Authors
Solmonson A, DeBerardinis RJ
  Title
Lipoic acid metabolism and mitochondrial redox regulation.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 293:7522-7530 (2018)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.TM117.000259
Reference
  Authors
Cronan JE
  Title
Assembly of Lipoic Acid on Its Cognate Enzymes: an Extraordinary and Essential Biosynthetic Pathway.
  Journal
Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 80:429-50 (2016)
DOI:10.1128/MMBR.00073-15
Reference
  Authors
Mayr JA, Feichtinger RG, Tort F, Ribes A, Sperl W
  Title
Lipoic acid biosynthesis defects.
  Journal
J Inherit Metab Dis 37:553-63 (2014)
DOI:10.1007/s10545-014-9705-8
Reference
  Authors
Cao X, Zhu L, Song X, Hu Z, Cronan JE
  Title
Protein moonlighting elucidates the essential human pathway catalyzing lipoic acid assembly on its cognate enzymes.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:E7063-E7072 (2018)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.1805862115
Reference
  Authors
Soreze Y, Boutron A, Habarou F, Barnerias C, Nonnenmacher L, Delpech H, Mamoune A, Chretien D, Hubert L, Bole-Feysot C, Nitschke P, Correia I, Sardet C, Boddaert N, Hamel Y, Delahodde A, Ottolenghi C, de Lonlay P
  Title
Mutations in human lipoyltransferase gene LIPT1 cause a Leigh disease with secondary deficiency for pyruvate and alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase.
  Journal
Orphanet J Rare Dis 8:192 (2013)
DOI:10.1186/1750-1172-8-192
Reference
  Authors
Habarou F, Hamel Y, Haack TB, Feichtinger RG, Lebigot E, Marquardt I, Busiah K, Laroche C, Madrange M, Grisel C, Pontoizeau C, Eisermann M, Boutron A, Chretien D, Chadefaux-Vekemans B, Barouki R, Bole-Feysot C, Nitschke P, Goudin N, Boddaert N, Nemazanyy I, Delahodde A, Kolker S, Rodenburg RJ, Korenke GC, Meitinger T, Strom TM, Prokisch H, Rotig A, Ottolenghi C, Mayr JA, de Lonlay P
  Title
Biallelic Mutations in LIPT2 Cause a Mitochondrial Lipoylation Defect Associated with Severe Neonatal Encephalopathy.
  Journal
Am J Hum Genet 101:283-290 (2017)
DOI:10.1016/j.ajhg.2017.07.001
Reference
  Authors
Spalding MD, Prigge ST
  Title
Lipoic acid metabolism in microbial pathogens.
  Journal
Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 74:200-28 (2010)
DOI:10.1128/MMBR.00008-10
Reference
  Authors
Guerra AJ, Afanador GA, Prigge ST
  Title
Crystal structure of lipoate-bound lipoate ligase 1, LipL1, from Plasmodium falciparum.
  Journal
Proteins 85:1777-1783 (2017)
DOI:10.1002/prot.25324
Reference
  Authors
Afanador GA, Matthews KA, Bartee D, Gisselberg JE, Walters MS, Freel Meyers CL, Prigge ST
  Title
Redox-dependent lipoylation of mitochondrial proteins in Plasmodium falciparum.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 94:156-71 (2014)
DOI:10.1111/mmi.12753
Reference
  Authors
Afanador GA, Guerra AJ, Swift RP, Rodriguez RE, Bartee D, Matthews KA, Schon A, Freire E, Freel Meyers CL, Prigge ST
  Title
A novel lipoate attachment enzyme is shared by Plasmodium and Chlamydia species.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 106:439-451 (2017)
DOI:10.1111/mmi.13776
Reference
  Authors
Storm J, Muller S
  Title
Lipoic acid metabolism of Plasmodium--a suitable drug target.
  Journal
Curr Pharm Des 18:3480-9 (2012)
DOI:10.2174/138161212801327266
Reference
  Authors
Gunther S, Wallace L, Patzewitz EM, McMillan PJ, Storm J, Wrenger C, Bissett R, Smith TK, Muller S
  Title
Apicoplast lipoic acid protein ligase B is not essential for Plasmodium falciparum.
  Journal
PLoS Pathog 3:e189 (2007)
DOI:10.1371/journal.ppat.0030189
Reference
  Authors
Wrenger C, Muller S
  Title
The human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum has distinct organelle-specific lipoylation pathways.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 53:103-13 (2004)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2004.04112.x
Reference
  Authors
Martin N, Christensen QH, Mansilla MC, Cronan JE, de Mendoza D
  Title
A novel two-gene requirement for the octanoyltransfer reaction of Bacillus subtilis lipoic acid biosynthesis.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 80:335-49 (2011)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2011.07597.x
Reference
  Authors
Christensen QH, Martin N, Mansilla MC, de Mendoza D, Cronan JE
  Title
A novel amidotransferase required for lipoic acid cofactor assembly in Bacillus subtilis.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 80:350-63 (2011)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2011.07598.x
Related
pathway
ko00061  Fatty acid biosynthesis
LinkDB

DBGET integrated database retrieval system