KEGG   PATHWAY: ko04370Help
Entry
ko04370                     Pathway                                

Name
VEGF signaling pathway
Description
There is now much evidence that VEGFR-2 is the major mediator of VEGF-driven responses in endothelial cells and it is considered to be a crucial signal transducer in both physiologic and pathologic angiogenesis. The binding of VEGF to VEGFR-2 leads to a cascade of different signaling pathways, resulting in the up-regulation of genes involved in mediating the proliferation and migration of endothelial cells and promoting their survival and vascular permeability. For example, the binding of VEGF to VEGFR-2 leads to dimerization of the receptor, followed by intracellular activation of the PLCgamma;PKC-Raf kinase-MEK-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and subsequent initiation of DNA synthesis and cell growth, whereas activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway leads to increased endothelial-cell survival. Activation of PI3K, FAK, and p38 MAPK is implicated in cell migration signaling.
Class
09130 Environmental Information Processing; 09132 Signal transduction
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
ko04370  VEGF signaling pathway
ko04370

Ortholog table
Disease
H01482  Infantile hemangioma
H01529  Avascular necrosis of femoral head
Other DBs
BSID: 477
GO: 0048010
Orthology
K05448  vascular endothelial growth factor A
K05098  kinase insert domain protein receptor [EC:2.7.10.1]
K08273  SH2 domain protein 2A
K01116  phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C, gamma-1 [EC:3.1.4.11]
K05859  phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C, gamma-2 [EC:3.1.4.11]
K02677  classical protein kinase C alpha type [EC:2.7.11.13]
K19662  classical protein kinase C beta type [EC:2.7.11.13]
K19663  classical protein kinase C gamma type [EC:2.7.11.13]
K04718  sphingosine kinase [EC:2.7.1.91]
K02833  GTPase HRas
K07827  GTPase KRas
K07828  GTPase NRas
K04366  RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase [EC:2.7.11.1]
K04368  mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1 [EC:2.7.12.2]
K04369  mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 2 [EC:2.7.12.2]
K04371  mitogen-activated protein kinase 1/3 [EC:2.7.11.24]
K16342  cytosolic phospholipase A2 [EC:3.1.1.4]
K04348  serine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2B catalytic subunit [EC:3.1.3.16]
K06268  serine/threonine-protein phosphatase 2B regulatory subunit
K17332  nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 2
K11987  prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 [EC:1.14.99.1]
K05725  focal adhesion kinase 1 [EC:2.7.10.2]
K17447  SHC-transforming protein 2
K05760  paxillin
K04393  cell division control protein 42
K04441  p38 MAP kinase [EC:2.7.11.24]
K04443  mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2 [EC:2.7.11.1]
K04444  mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 3 [EC:2.7.11.1]
K04455  heat shock protein beta-1
K05704  tyrosine-protein kinase Src [EC:2.7.10.2]
K00922  phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha/beta/delta [EC:2.7.1.153]
K02649  phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit alpha/beta/delta
K04392  Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1
K07860  Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 2
K07861  Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 3
K04456  RAC serine/threonine-protein kinase [EC:2.7.11.1]
K13242  nitric-oxide synthase, endothelial [EC:1.14.13.39]
K04399  caspase 9 [EC:3.4.22.62]
K02158  Bcl-2-antagonist of cell death
Compound
C00076  Calcium cation
C00165  Diacylglycerol
C00533  Nitric oxide
C01245  D-myo-Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate
C01312  Prostaglandin I2
C05981  Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate
Reference
  Authors
Cross MJ, Dixelius J, Matsumoto T, Claesson-Welsh L.
  Title
VEGF-receptor signal transduction.
  Journal
Trends Biochem Sci 28:488-94 (2003)
DOI:10.1016/S0968-0004(03)00193-2
Reference
  Authors
Matsumoto T, Claesson-Welsh L.
  Title
VEGF receptor signal transduction.
  Journal
Sci STKE 2001:RE21 (2001)
DOI:10.1126/stke.2001.112.re21
Reference
  Authors
Hoeben A, Landuyt B, Highley MS, Wildiers H, Van Oosterom AT, De Bruijn EA.
  Title
Vascular endothelial growth factor and angiogenesis.
  Journal
Pharmacol Rev 56:549-80 (2004)
DOI:10.1124/pr.56.4.3
Reference
  Authors
Takahashi H, Shibuya M.
  Title
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/VEGF receptor system and its role under physiological and pathological conditions.
  Journal
Clin Sci (Lond) 109:227-41 (2005)
DOI:10.1042/CS20040370
Reference
  Authors
Zachary I.
  Title
VEGF signalling: integration and multi-tasking in endothelial cell biology.
  Journal
Biochem Soc Trans 31:1171-7 (2003)
DOI:10.1042/bst0311171
Reference
  Authors
Munoz-Chapuli R, Quesada AR, Angel Medina M.
  Title
Angiogenesis and signal transduction in endothelial cells.
  Journal
Cell Mol Life Sci 61:2224-43 (2004)
DOI:10.1007/s00018-004-4070-7
Reference
  Authors
Lamalice L, Houle F, Jourdan G, Huot J.
  Title
Phosphorylation of tyrosine 1214 on VEGFR2 is required for VEGF-induced activation of Cdc42 upstream of SAPK2/p38.
  Journal
Oncogene 23:434-45 (2004)
DOI:10.1038/sj.onc.1207034
Reference
  Authors
Shu X, Wu W, Mosteller RD, Broek D.
  Title
Sphingosine kinase mediates vascular endothelial growth factor-induced activation of ras and mitogen-activated protein kinases.
  Journal
Mol Cell Biol 22:7758-68 (2002)
DOI:10.1128/MCB.22.22.7758-7768.2002
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