KEGG   PATHWAY: ko05213Help
Entry
ko05213                     Pathway                                

Name
Endometrial cancer
Description
Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynaecological malignancy and the fourth most common malignancy in women in the developed world after breast, colorectal and lung cancer. Two types of endometrial carcinoma are distinguished with respect to biology and clinical course. Type-I carcinoma is related to hyperestrogenism by association with endometrial hyperplasia, frequent expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors and younger age, whereas type-II carcinoma is unrelated to estrogen, associated with atrophic endometrium, frequent lack of estrogen and progesterone receptors and older age. The morphologic differences in these cancers are mirrored in their molecular genetic profile with type I showing defects in DNA-mismatch repair and mutations in PTEN, K-ras, and beta-catenin, and type II showing aneuploidy, p53 mutations, and her2/neu amplification.
Class
Human Diseases; Cancers: Specific types
BRITE hierarchy
Pathway map
ko05213  Endometrial cancer
ko05213

Ortholog table
Disease
H00026  Endometrial cancer
H00876  Mismatch repair deficiency
Orthology
K04357  epidermal growth factor
K04361  epidermal growth factor receptor [EC:2.7.10.1]
K00922  phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha/beta/delta [EC:2.7.1.153]
K02649  phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit alpha/beta/delta
K01110  phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate 3-phosphatase and dual-specificity protein phosphatase PTEN [EC:3.1.3.67 3.1.3.48 3.1.3.16]
K06276  3-phosphoinositide dependent protein kinase-1 [EC:2.7.11.1]
K06272  integrin-linked kinase [EC:2.7.11.1]
K04456  RAC serine/threonine-protein kinase [EC:2.7.11.1]
K04399  caspase 9 [EC:3.4.22.62]
K02158  Bcl-2-antagonist of cell death
K09408  forkhead box protein O3
K04364  growth factor receptor-binding protein 2
K03099  son of sevenless
K02833  GTPase HRas
K07827  GTPase KRas
K07828  GTPase NRas
K08845  A-Raf proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase [EC:2.7.11.1]
K04365  B-Raf proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase [EC:2.7.11.1]
K04366  RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase [EC:2.7.11.1]
K04368  mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1 [EC:2.7.12.2]
K04369  mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 2 [EC:2.7.12.2]
K04371  mitogen-activated protein kinase 1/3 [EC:2.7.11.24]
K04375  ETS domain-containing protein Elk-1
K08734  DNA mismatch repair protein MLH1
K05689  cadherin 1, type 1, E-cadherin
K02105  catenin beta 1
K05691  catenin alpha
K02157  axin 1
K04385  axin 2
K02085  adenomatosis polyposis coli protein
K03083  glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta [EC:2.7.11.26]
K02620  transcription factor 7
K04490  transcription factor 7-like 1
K04491  transcription factor 7-like 2
K04492  lymphoid enhancer-binding factor 1
K04377  Myc proto-oncogene protein
K04503  G1/S-specific cyclin-D1
K04451  tumor protein p53
K06625  cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A
K04402  growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible protein
K02159  apoptosis regulator BAX
K14021  Bcl-2 homologous antagonist/killer
K10140  DNA damage-binding protein 2
K03511  DNA polymerase kappa [EC:2.7.7.7]
K05083  receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-2 [EC:2.7.10.1]
Compound
C05981  Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate
Reference
  Authors
Ryan AJ, Susil B, Jobling TW, Oehler MK.
  Title
Endometrial cancer.
  Journal
Cell Tissue Res 322:53-61 (2005)
DOI:10.1007/s00441-005-1109-5
Reference
  Authors
Lax SF.
  Title
Molecular genetic pathways in various types of endometrial carcinoma: from a phenotypical to a molecular-based classification.
  Journal
Virchows Arch 444:213-23 (2004)
DOI:10.1007/s00428-003-0947-3
Reference
  Authors
Shiozawa T, Konishi I.
  Title
Early endometrial carcinoma: clinicopathology, hormonal aspects, molecular genetics, diagnosis, and treatment.
  Journal
Int J Clin Oncol 11:13-21 (2006)
DOI:10.1007/s10147-005-0546-1
Reference
  Authors
Hecht JL, Mutter GL.
  Title
Molecular and pathologic aspects of endometrial carcinogenesis.
  Journal
J Clin Oncol 24:4783-91 (2006)
DOI:10.1200/JCO.2006.06.7173
Reference
  Authors
Matias-Guiu X, Catasus L, Bussaglia E, Lagarda H, Garcia A, Pons C, Munoz J, Arguelles R, Machin P, Prat J.
  Title
Molecular pathology of endometrial hyperplasia and carcinoma.
  Journal
Hum Pathol 32:569-77 (2001)
DOI:10.1053/hupa.2001.25929
Reference
  Authors
Slomovitz BM, Broaddus RR, Burke TW, Sneige N, Soliman PT, Wu W, Sun CC, Munsell MF, Gershenson DM, Lu KH.
  Title
Her-2/neu overexpression and amplification in uterine papillary serous carcinoma.
  Journal
J Clin Oncol 22:3126-32 (2004)
DOI:10.1200/JCO.2004.11.154
Reference
PMID:7585656
  Authors
Saffari B, Jones LA, el-Naggar A, Felix JC, George J, Press MF.
  Title
Amplification and overexpression of HER-2/neu (c-erbB2) in endometrial cancers: correlation with overall survival.
  Journal
Cancer Res 55:5693-8 (1995)
Reference
  Authors
Kim D, Chung J.
  Title
Akt: versatile mediator of cell survival and beyond.
  Journal
J Biochem Mol Biol 35:106-15 (2002)
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