KEGG   PATHWAY: hsa00053
Entry
hsa00053                    Pathway                                

Name
Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism - Homo sapiens (human)
Class
Metabolism; Carbohydrate metabolism
Pathway map
hsa00053  Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
hsa00053

Other DBs
GO: 0019852 0019572
Organism
Homo sapiens (human) [GN:hsa]
Gene
7358  UGDH; UDP-glucose 6-dehydrogenase [KO:K00012] [EC:1.1.1.22]
10941  UGT2A1; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 2 member A1 complex locus [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
79799  UGT2A3; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 2 member A3 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
7367  UGT2B17; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 2 member B17 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
10720  UGT2B11; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 2 member B11 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54490  UGT2B28; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 2 member B28 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54578  UGT1A6; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A6 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54657  UGT1A4; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A4 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54658  UGT1A1; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A1 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54659  UGT1A3; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A3 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
7365  UGT2B10; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 2 member B10 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54600  UGT1A9; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A9 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
7364  UGT2B7; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 2 member B7 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54575  UGT1A10; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A10 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54576  UGT1A8; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A8 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54579  UGT1A5; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A5 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
7366  UGT2B15; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 2 member B15 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
54577  UGT1A7; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 1 member A7 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
7363  UGT2B4; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 2 member B4 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
574537  UGT2A2; UDP glucuronosyltransferase family 2 member A2 [KO:K00699] [EC:2.4.1.17]
55586  MIOX; myo-inositol oxygenase [KO:K00469] [EC:1.13.99.1]
9104  RGN; regucalcin [KO:K01053] [EC:3.1.1.17]
217  ALDH2; aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 family member [KO:K00128] [EC:1.2.1.3]
224  ALDH3A2; aldehyde dehydrogenase 3 family member A2 [KO:K00128] [EC:1.2.1.3]
219  ALDH1B1; aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family member B1 [KO:K00128] [EC:1.2.1.3]
501  ALDH7A1; aldehyde dehydrogenase 7 family member A1 [KO:K14085] [EC:1.2.1.31 1.2.1.8 1.2.1.3]
223  ALDH9A1; aldehyde dehydrogenase 9 family member A1 [KO:K00149] [EC:1.2.1.47 1.2.1.3]
Compound
C00022  Pyruvate
C00026  2-Oxoglutarate
C00029  UDP-glucose
C00072  Ascorbate
C00096  GDP-mannose
C00137  myo-Inositol
C00167  UDP-glucuronate
C00191  D-Glucuronate
C00231  D-Xylulose 5-phosphate
C00259  L-Arabinose
C00333  D-Galacturonate
C00433  2,5-Dioxopentanoate
C00545  L-Arabinonate
C00558  D-Tagaturonate
C00618  3-Dehydro-L-gulonate
C00679  5-Dehydro-4-deoxy-D-glucarate
C00684  2-Dehydro-3-deoxy-L-arabinonate
C00800  L-Gulonate
C00818  D-Glucarate
C00879  D-Galactarate
C01040  L-Gulono-1,4-lactone
C01041  Monodehydroascorbate
C01101  L-Ribulose 5-phosphate
C01114  L-Arabinono-1,4-lactone
C01115  L-Galactono-1,4-lactone
C01146  2-Hydroxy-3-oxopropanoate
C01620  Threonate
C01825  L-Galactose
C02280  GDP-L-galactose
C02670  D-Glucuronolactone
C03064  3-Dehydro-L-threonate
C03289  L-xylo-Hexulonolactone
C03291  L-Xylulose 5-phosphate
C03921  2-Dehydro-3-deoxy-D-glucarate
C04575  (4R,5S)-4,5,6-Trihydroxy-2,3-dioxohexanoate
C05385  D-Glucuronate 1-phosphate
C05411  L-Xylonate
C05412  L-Lyxonate
C05422  Dehydroascorbate
C14899  3-Dehydro-L-gulonate 6-phosphate
C15923  L-Gulose
C15924  L-Gulose 1-phosphate
C15925  GDP-L-gulose
C15926  beta-L-Galactose 1-phosphate
C15930  L-Galactonate
C16186  L-Ascorbate 6-phosphate
C20889  D-Galactaro-1,5-lactone
C20896  D-Galactaro-1,4-lactone
C21955  L-Galactono-1,5-lactone
Reference
  Authors
Linster CL, Van Schaftingen E
  Title
Vitamin C. Biosynthesis, recycling and degradation in mammals.
  Journal
FEBS J 274:1-22 (2007)
DOI:10.1111/j.1742-4658.2006.05607.x
Reference
  Authors
Valpuesta V, Botella MA.
  Title
Biosynthesis of L-ascorbic acid in plants: new pathways for an old antioxidant.
  Journal
Trends Plant Sci 9:573-7 (2004)
DOI:10.1016/j.tplants.2004.10.002
Reference
  Authors
Davey MW, Gilot C, Persiau G, Ostergaard J, Han Y, Bauw GC, Van Montagu MC.
  Title
Ascorbate biosynthesis in Arabidopsis cell suspension culture.
  Journal
Plant Physiol 121:535-43 (1999)
DOI:10.1104/pp.121.2.535
Reference
  Authors
Conklin PL, Gatzek S, Wheeler GL, Dowdle J, Raymond MJ, Rolinski S, Isupov M, Littlechild JA, Smirnoff N.
  Title
Arabidopsis thaliana VTC4 encodes L-galactose-1-P phosphatase, a plant ascorbic acid biosynthetic enzyme.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 281:15662-70 (2006)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.M601409200
Reference
  Authors
Linster CL, Gomez TA, Christensen KC, Adler LN, Young BD, Brenner C, Clarke SG.
  Title
Arabidopsis VTC2 Encodes a GDP-L-Galactose Phosphorylase, the Last Unknown Enzyme in the Smirnoff-Wheeler Pathway to Ascorbic Acid in Plants.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 282:18879-85 (2007)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.M702094200
Reference
  Authors
Campos E, Baldoma L, Aguilar J, Badia J.
  Title
Regulation of expression of the divergent ulaG and ulaABCDEF operons involved in LaAscorbate dissimilation in Escherichia coli.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 186:1720-8 (2004)
DOI:10.1128/JB.186.6.1720-1728.2004
Reference
  Authors
Zhang Z, Aboulwafa M, Smith MH, Saier MH Jr.
  Title
The ascorbate transporter of Escherichia coli.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 185:2243-50 (2003)
DOI:10.1128/JB.185.7.2243-2250.2003
Related
pathway
hsa00020  Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
hsa00040  Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
hsa00051  Fructose and mannose metabolism
hsa00520  Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
hsa00630  Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
KO pathway
ko00053   
LinkDB

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