KEGG   PATHWAY: map04151
Entry
map04151                    Pathway                                

Name
PI3K-Akt signaling pathway
Description
The phosphatidylinositol 3' -kinase(PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway is activated by many types of cellular stimuli or toxic insults and regulates fundamental cellular functions such as transcription, translation, proliferation, growth, and survival. The binding of growth factors to their receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) or G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) stimulates class Ia and Ib PI3K isoforms, respectively. PI3K catalyzes the production of phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-triphosphate (PIP3) at the cell membrane. PIP3 in turn serves as a second messenger that helps to activate Akt. Once active, Akt can control key cellular processes by phosphorylating substrates involved in apoptosis, protein synthesis, metabolism, and cell cycle.
Class
Environmental Information Processing; Signal transduction
Pathway map
map04151  PI3K-Akt signaling pathway
map04151

Disease
H00505  FGFR3-related short limb skeletal dysplasia
H00520  Type II collagenopathies
H00535  Hereditary lymphedema
H01338  Myosclerosis
H01340  Bethlem myopathy
H01341  Collagen VI myopathy
H01370  SHORT syndrome
H01387  Activated PI3K-delta syndrome
H01388  Hyperprolactinemia
H01511  Mast-cell leukemia
H01740  Macrothrombocytopenia
H01778  Ullrich disease
H01909  Hypoinsulinemic hypoglycemia with hemihypertrophy
H01910  Infantile myofibromatosis
H01912  Congenital lipomatous overgrowth, vascular malformations, and epidermal nevi
H02037  Laron syndrome
H02039  Kowarski syndrome
H02040  Insulin-like growth factor I deficiency
H02044  Cutaneous and mucosal venous malformation
H02066  Achondrogenesis type II
H02068  Hypochondroplasia
H02069  SADDAN
H02070  Kniest dysplasia
H02071  Czech dysplasia
H02072  Stickler syndrome
H02119  Proteus syndrome
H02297  CLAPO syndrome
H02434  Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified
Other DBs
GO: 0043491
Reference
  Authors
Engelman JA, Luo J, Cantley LC
  Title
The evolution of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases as regulators of growth and metabolism.
  Journal
Nat Rev Genet 7:606-19 (2006)
DOI:10.1038/nrg1879
Reference
  Authors
Song G, Ouyang G, Bao S
  Title
The activation of Akt/PKB signaling pathway and cell survival.
  Journal
J Cell Mol Med 9:59-71 (2005)
DOI:10.1111/j.1582-4934.2005.tb00337.x
Reference
  Authors
Hers I, Vincent EE, Tavare JM
  Title
Akt signalling in health and disease.
  Journal
Cell Signal 23:1515-27 (2011)
DOI:10.1016/j.cellsig.2011.05.004
Reference
  Authors
Duronio V
  Title
The life of a cell: apoptosis regulation by the PI3K/PKB pathway.
  Journal
Biochem J 415:333-44 (2008)
DOI:10.1042/BJ20081056
Reference
  Authors
Kim D, Chung J.
  Title
Akt: versatile mediator of cell survival and beyond.
  Journal
J Biochem Mol Biol 35:106-15 (2002)
DOI:10.5483/bmbrep.2002.35.1.106
Reference
  Authors
Koyasu S
  Title
The role of PI3K in immune cells.
  Journal
Nat Immunol 4:313-9 (2003)
DOI:10.1038/ni0403-313
Reference
  Authors
Okkenhaug K, Vanhaesebroeck B.
  Title
PI3K in lymphocyte development, differentiation and activation.
  Journal
Nat Rev Immunol 3:317-30 (2003)
DOI:10.1038/nri1056
Reference
  Authors
Richardson CJ, Schalm SS, Blenis J
  Title
PI3-kinase and TOR: PIKTORing cell growth.
  Journal
Semin Cell Dev Biol 15:147-59 (2004)
DOI:10.1016/j.semcdb.2003.12.023
Reference
  Authors
Zhang X, Tang N, Hadden TJ, Rishi AK
  Title
Akt, FoxO and regulation of apoptosis.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1813:1978-86 (2011)
DOI:10.1016/j.bbamcr.2011.03.010
Reference
  Authors
Georgescu MM
  Title
PTEN Tumor Suppressor Network in PI3K-Akt Pathway Control.
  Journal
Genes Cancer 1:1170-7 (2010)
DOI:10.1177/1947601911407325
Reference
  Authors
West KA, Castillo SS, Dennis PA
  Title
Activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway and chemotherapeutic resistance.
  Journal
Drug Resist Updat 5:234-48 (2002)
DOI:10.1016/S1368-7646(02)00120-6
Reference
PMID:9838078
  Authors
Wymann MP, Pirola L
  Title
Structure and function of phosphoinositide 3-kinases.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 1436:127-50 (1998)
DOI:10.1016/S0005-2760(98)00139-8
Reference
  Authors
Moelling K, Schad K, Bosse M, Zimmermann S, Schweneker M
  Title
Regulation of Raf-Akt Cross-talk.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 277:31099-106 (2002)
DOI:10.1074/jbc.M111974200
Reference
  Authors
Kikani CK, Dong LQ, Liu F
  Title
"New"-clear functions of PDK1: beyond a master kinase in the cytosol?
  Journal
J Cell Biochem 96:1157-62 (2005)
DOI:10.1002/jcb.20651
Reference
  Authors
Blume-Jensen P, Hunter T
  Title
Oncogenic kinase signalling.
  Journal
Nature 411:355-65 (2001)
DOI:10.1038/35077225
Reference
  Authors
Osaki M, Oshimura M, Ito H
  Title
PI3K-Akt pathway: its functions and alterations in human cancer.
  Journal
Apoptosis 9:667-76 (2004)
DOI:10.1023/B:APPT.0000045801.15585.dd
Reference
  Authors
Noguchi M, Ropars V, Roumestand C, Suizu F
  Title
Proto-oncogene TCL1: more than just a coactivator for Akt.
  Journal
FASEB J 21:2273-84 (2007)
DOI:10.1096/fj.06-7684com
Reference
  Authors
Lemmon MA, Schlessinger J
  Title
Cell signaling by receptor tyrosine kinases.
  Journal
Cell 141:1117-34 (2010)
DOI:10.1016/j.cell.2010.06.011
Reference
  Authors
Skaper SD
  Title
The neurotrophin family of neurotrophic factors: an overview.
  Journal
Methods Mol Biol 846:1-12 (2012)
DOI:10.1007/978-1-61779-536-7_1
Related
pathway
map00010  Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
map04010  MAPK signaling pathway
map04012  ErbB signaling pathway
map04062  Chemokine signaling pathway
map04064  NF-kappa B signaling pathway
map04068  FoxO signaling pathway
map04110  Cell cycle
map04115  p53 signaling pathway
map04150  mTOR signaling pathway
map04210  Apoptosis
map04370  VEGF signaling pathway
map04510  Focal adhesion
map04620  Toll-like receptor signaling pathway
map04630  JAK-STAT signaling pathway
map04662  B cell receptor signaling pathway
map04910  Insulin signaling pathway
KO pathway
ko04151   
LinkDB

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