Acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen;
With reduced flavin or flavoprotein as one donor, and incorporation of one atom of oxygen into the other donor
This cytochrome P-450 (heme-thiolate) enzyme, found in plants, catalyses two successive N-hydroxylations of L-phenylalanine, a committed step in the biosynthesis of benzylglucosinolate and the cyanogenic glucosides (R)-prunasin and (R)-amygdalin. The product of the two hydroxylations, N,N-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine, is labile and undergoes dehydration followed by decarboxylation, producing an oxime. It is still not known whether the decarboxylation is spontaneous or catalysed by the enzyme.
EC 220.127.116.11 created 2011 as EC 18.104.22.168, transferred 2017 to EC 22.214.171.124
Identification and characterization of CYP79D16 and CYP71AN24 catalyzing the first and second steps in L-phenylalanine-derived cyanogenic glycoside biosynthesis in the Japanese apricot, Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.