KEGG   ORTHOLOGY: K08099
Entry
K08099                      KO                                     
Symbol
E3.1.1.14
Name
chlorophyllase [EC:3.1.1.14]
Pathway
map00860  Porphyrin metabolism
map01100  Metabolic pathways
map01110  Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
Brite
KEGG Orthology (KO) [BR:ko00001]
 09100 Metabolism
  09108 Metabolism of cofactors and vitamins
   00860 Porphyrin metabolism
    K08099  E3.1.1.14; chlorophyllase
Enzymes [BR:ko01000]
 3. Hydrolases
  3.1  Acting on ester bonds
   3.1.1  Carboxylic-ester hydrolases
    3.1.1.14  chlorophyllase
     K08099  E3.1.1.14; chlorophyllase
Other DBs
RN: R05618 R09068
GO: 0047746
Genes
BFO: 118430150 118430151 118430600 118430728
BBEL: 109479793 109479795 109479796 109479797
DPX: DAPPUDRAFT_109234 DAPPUDRAFT_307488
DMK: 116931126 116931128
PVM: 113820612
PJA: 122256068 122263317
HAME: 121854997
PCLA: 123771906
PTRU: 123505794 123505801
HAZT: 108682296 108683295
CRG: 105346495
MYI: 110462918
MMER: 123550267
LAK: 106178068
ATH: AT1G19670(CLH1) AT5G43860(CLH2)
THJ: 104801988
CPAP: 110815852
TCC: 18603049
CAM: 101490133
LJA: Lj0g3v0271829.1(Lj0g3v0271829.1) Lj2g3v0704890.1(Lj2g3v0704890.1)
CMAX: 111499382
CMOS: 111459924
CPEP: 111807242
RCU: 8280860
OSA: 4348648
DOSA: Os10t0419600-00(Os10g0419600)
OBR: 102713942
MUS: 103978829
PEQ: 110032436
PPP: 112273217
AG: AAF27045(CLH)
 » show all
Reference
  Authors
Tsuchiya T, Ohta H, Okawa K, Iwamatsu A, Shimada H, Masuda T, Takamiya K
  Title
Cloning of chlorophyllase, the key enzyme in chlorophyll degradation: finding of a lipase motif and the induction by methyl jasmonate.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:15362-7 (1999)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.96.26.15362
  Sequence
LinkDB

KEGG   ENZYME: 3.1.1.14
Entry
EC 3.1.1.14                 Enzyme                                 
Name
chlorophyllase;
CLH;
Chlase
Class
Hydrolases;
Acting on ester bonds;
Carboxylic-ester hydrolases
Sysname
chlorophyll chlorophyllidohydrolase
Reaction(IUBMB)
chlorophyll + H2O = phytol + chlorophyllide
Reaction(KEGG)
(other) R05618 R09068
Substrate
chlorophyll [CPD:C01793];
H2O [CPD:C00001]
Product
phytol [CPD:C01389];
chlorophyllide [CPD:C02139]
Comment
Chlorophyllase has been found in higher plants, diatoms, and in the green algae Chlorella [3]. This enzyme forms part of the chlorophyll degradation pathway and is thought to take part in de-greening processes such as fruit ripening, leaf senescence and flowering, as well as in the turnover and homeostasis of chlorophyll [4]. This enzyme acts preferentially on chlorophyll a but will also accept chlorophyll b and pheophytins as substrates [5]. Ethylene and methyl jasmonate, which are known to accelerate senescence in many species, can enhance the activity of the hormone-inducible form of this enzyme [5].
History
EC 3.1.1.14 created 1961, modified 2007
Pathway
ec00860  Porphyrin metabolism
ec01100  Metabolic pathways
ec01110  Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
Orthology
K08099  chlorophyllase
Genes
BFO118430150 118430151 118430600 118430728
BBEL109479793 109479795 109479796 109479797
DPXDAPPUDRAFT_109234 DAPPUDRAFT_307488
DMK116931126 116931128
PVM113820612
PJA122256068 122263317
HAME121854997
PCLA123771906
PTRU123505794 123505801
HAZT108682296 108683295
EAF111710345 111713932
BGT106056453 106056471
HRF124141054 124141055 124141515
HRJ124256195 124256196 124265847 124281765
CRG105346495
MYI110462918
PMAX117321073 117344891
MMER123550267
LAK106178068
ATHAT1G19670(CLH1) AT5G43860(CLH2)
ALY9299705 9329122
CRB17877061 17898197
CSAT104725070 104725071 104740665 104756312 104760568 104760570 104771535 104772775 104776081
EUSEUTSA_v10003248mg EUTSA_v10008201mg
BRP103839225 103848843 103872768
BNA106346945 106366642 106407289 106416159 106451729
BOE106313945 106323049 106344030
RSZ108813624 108825985 108840190
THJ104801988
CPAP110815852
CIT102578008(CHLASE1) 102617848 102620504 102621972
CICCICLE_v10005453mg CICLE_v10021095mg CICLE_v10021103mg CICLE_v10024279mg
PVY116136638 116145869
MINC123210567 123221132
TCC18603049
GRA105778393 105792273
GHI107887126 107914870 107936486 107940220
GAB108464995 108469438
DZI111291557 111298521 111306098 111313428
EGR104423825 104423837 104423847 104431616
GMX100790901 100807959 100808490 100820123
GSJ114367379 114372586 114418639 114418804
PVUPHAVU_004G154100g PHAVU_007G278100g
VRA106756600 106768765 106771335
VAR108325428 108345122 108345314
VUN114181584 114182439 114189882
CCAJ109788901 109795324
APRC113866769 113872403
MTRMTR_1g041385 MTR_1g041390 MTR_6g082500
CAM101490133
LJALj0g3v0271829.1(Lj0g3v0271829.1) Lj2g3v0704890.1(Lj2g3v0704890.1)
ADU107463645 107493176
AIP107626511 107645208
AHF112696243 112729005 112759021 112761361
LANG109339525 109354986
FVE101295614 101306192
RCN112169488 112195827
PPER18768229 18792394
PMUM103323995 103334201
PAVI110763481 110768653
PDUL117614258 117637301
MDM103419096 103419118 103449043 103453222
PXB103935863 103960097
ZJU107423104 107426389
MNT21385927 21385928 21392462
CSV101203653 101206529
CMO103491233 103491250 103503349
BHJ120077598 120092495
MCHA111009609 111009779
CMAX111499382
CMOS111459924
CPEP111807242
RCU8280860
JCU105632037 105649942 105649943 105650221
HBR110632586 110672194 110672203 110673201
MESC110611886 110614412 110626942
POP18109913 7464854 7474174
PEU105130020 105131395 105131482
PALZ118061495 118061656 118061660
JRE108989432 109005075
QSU111985871 112012335 112028542
QLO115950929 115970703
TWL119992824 120000993 120007192
VVI100243499 100244179 100248634 100249336 100252835 100853040
VRI117913783 117917855 117918826 117919171
SLY101254033 101258376 101263579 101265579
SPEN107005311 107021195 107030576
SOT102583310 102584485 102599165 102603471
CANN107853614 107873769
NTA107767570 107795708 107812657 107817300 107820048 107822816
NSY104213060 104226899 104239014 104241943 104246002
NTO104085961 104093037
NAU109214525 109219777 109220450 109239633 109241853
INI109161293 109176252
ITR116001664 116030002
SIND105163609 105171067 105171304
OEU111371701 111377213 111396764
EGT105949808 105950913 105953292
SSPL121756166 121797626
HAN110863854 110864074 110940214
ECAD122592936 122593774 122608201
LSV111894801 111894805
CCAV112506625 112507467
DCR108193833 108206898
CSIN114293959 114293960 114298031 114298882 114309888 114315681
BVG104886508 104907958
SOE110784312 110784373 110803699
CQI110684804 110699749 110702553 110702554 110719158 110719405
NNU104596611 104596676
MING122059453 122088590 122088656 122090825
TSS122641795 122648733
PSOM113280354 113315788 113336762 113350749 113352605 113357756
NCOL116246305 116246306 116248862 116266274
OSA4348648
DOSAOs10t0419600-00(Os10g0419600)
OBR102713942
BDI100824120 100833871 100835336 100839712
ATS109772274 109772321 109776391 109783103
TDC119267169 119275018 119302851 119310060 119311545 119314261 119315090 119324830 119325076
TAES123057940 123064963 123077378 123094110 123104759 123125412 123125413 123129881 123130453 123133036 123139674 123144040
SBI8057813 8059442 8062553
ZMA100191887 100383045 103632406
SITA101760397 101763039 101773232
SVS117836408 117842290 117849346 117866833
PVIR120651010 120658768 120671526 120679154
PHAI112873530 112880278 112896417
PDA103695966 103705552
EGU105053391 105054855
MUS103978829
DCT110115286 110115287
PEQ110032436
AOF109835385 109835452 109848662
ATR18429611 18429616
SMOSELMODRAFT_107983 SELMODRAFT_176680 SELMODRAFT_57004 SELMODRAFT_66990 SELMODRAFT_85435 SELMODRAFT_86398
PPP112273217
 » show all
Reference
1  [PMID:13715233]
  Authors
HOLDEN M.
  Title
The breakdown of chlorophyll by chlorophyllase.
  Journal
Biochem J 78:359-64 (1961)
DOI:10.1042/bj0780359
Reference
2  [PMID:13756631]
  Authors
KLEIN AO, VISHNIAC W.
  Title
Activity and partial purification of chlorophyllase in aqueous systems.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 236:2544-7 (1961)
Reference
3  [PMID:10611389]
  Authors
Tsuchiya T, Ohta H, Okawa K, Iwamatsu A, Shimada H, Masuda T, Takamiya K
  Title
Cloning of chlorophyllase, the key enzyme in chlorophyll degradation: finding of a lipase motif and the induction by methyl jasmonate.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:15362-7 (1999)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.96.26.15362
  Sequence
Reference
4  [PMID:16610227]
  Authors
Okazawa A, Tango L, Itoh Y, Fukusaki E, Kobayashi A.
  Title
Characterization and subcellular localization of chlorophyllase from Ginkgo biloba.
  Journal
Z Naturforsch [C] 61:111-7 (2006)
DOI:10.1515/znc-2006-1-220
Reference
5  [PMID:16669755]
  Authors
Hortensteiner S.
  Title
Chlorophyll degradation during senescence.
  Journal
Annu Rev Plant Biol 57:55-77 (2006)
DOI:10.1146/annurev.arplant.57.032905.105212
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database: 3.1.1.14
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature: 3.1.1.14
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database: 3.1.1.14
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database: 3.1.1.14
CAS: 9025-96-1
LinkDB

KEGG   REACTION: R09068
Entry
R09068                      Reaction                               
Name
chlorophyll chlorophyllidohydrolase
Definition
Chlorophyll b + H2O <=> Chlorophyllide b + Phytol
Equation
Reaction class
RC00020  C05307_C16541
RC00041  C01389_C05307
Enzyme
Pathway
rn00860  Porphyrin metabolism
rn01100  Metabolic pathways
rn01110  Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
Orthology
K08099  chlorophyllase [EC:3.1.1.14]
LinkDB

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