KEGG   PATHWAY: acx02024
Entry
acx02024                    Pathway                                
Name
Quorum sensing - Azotobacter chroococcum
Description
Quorum sensing (QS) is a regulatory system that allows bacteria to share information about cell density and adjust gene expression accordingly. All QS bacteria produce and release chemical signal molecules called autoinducers (AIs) that increase in concentration as a function of cell density. The most commonly studied AIs belong to one of the following three categories: acylated homoserine lactones, also referred to as AI-1, used by Gram-negative bacteria; peptide signals, used by Gram-positive bacteria; and AI-2, used by both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. QS can be divided into at least 4 steps: production of AIs by the bacterial cell; release of AIs, either actively or passively, into the surrounding environment; recognition of AIs by specific receptors; and leading to changes in gene regulation once they exceed a threshold concentration. The processes controlled by QS include virulence, competence, conjugation, antibiotic production, motility, sporulation, and biofilm formation.
Class
Cellular Processes; Cellular community - prokaryotes
Pathway map
acx02024  Quorum sensing
acx02024

Other DBs
GO: 0009372
Organism
Azotobacter chroococcum [GN:acx]
Gene
Achr_33660  hfq; RNA-binding protein Hfq [KO:K03666]
Achr_4940  trpE; Anthranilate synthase component I [KO:K01657] [EC:4.1.3.27]
Achr_5380  trpGD; Anthranilate synthase component II (Glutamine amido-transferase) [KO:K01658] [EC:4.1.3.27]
Achr_18800  3-deoxy-7-phosphoheptulonate synthase [KO:K01626] [EC:2.5.1.54]
Achr_27500  3-deoxy-7-phosphoheptulonate synthase [KO:K01626] [EC:2.5.1.54]
Achr_23420  aroG; phospho-2-dehydro-3-deoxyheptonate aldolase [KO:K01626] [EC:2.5.1.54]
Achr_16080  aroF; phospho-2-dehydro-3-deoxyheptonate aldolase [KO:K01626] [EC:2.5.1.54]
Achr_14420  Integral membrane sensor signal transduction histidine kinase [KO:K07645] [EC:2.7.13.3]
Achr_14410  Response regulator with CheY-like receiver domain and winged-helix DNA-binding domain [KO:K07666]
Achr_11150  Response regulator (OmpR family) in two-component regulatory system with KdpD, regulation of potassium translocation [KO:K07667]
Achr_19810  kdpE; Two-component system response regulator KdpE [KO:K07667]
Achr_31580  KDP operon transcriptional regulatory protein kdpE [KO:K07667]
Achr_c550  trbB; Conjugal transfer ATPase TrbB [KO:K20527] [EC:7.4.2.8]
Achr_c540  trbC; Conjugal transfer protein TrbC [KO:K20528]
Achr_c530  trbD; Conjugal transfer protein TrbD [KO:K20529]
Achr_c520  trbE; type IV secretion/conjugal transfer ATPase, VirB4 family protein [KO:K20530] [EC:7.4.2.8]
Achr_c470  trbJ; P-type conjugative transfer protein TrbJ [KO:K20266]
Achr_c450  trbL; Mating pair formation protein TrbL [KO:K07344]
Achr_c510  trbF; TrbF mating pair formation protein [KO:K20531]
Achr_c500  trbG; Conjugal transfer protein TrbG [KO:K20532]
Achr_c480  trbI; TrbI mating pair formation protein [KO:K20533]
Achr_17520  livK; Branched-chain amino acid ABC transporter substrate-binding protein [KO:K01999]
Achr_21450  Amino acid ABC transporter substrate-binding protein [KO:K01999]
Achr_17510  livH; high affinity branched chain amino acid ABC transporter, permease component [KO:K01997]
Achr_21440  High-affinity branched-chain amino acid transport system permease protein LivH [KO:K01997]
Achr_17500  livM; leucine/isoleucine/valine transporter permease subunit [KO:K01998]
Achr_21430  Branched-chain amino acid ABC transporter permease [KO:K01998]
Achr_21420  High affinity branched-chain amino acid ABC transporter, ATP-binding protein LivG [KO:K01995]
Achr_17490  livG; leucine/isoleucine/valine transporter ATP-binding subunit [KO:K01995]
Achr_21410  ABC transporter, ATP-binding protein [KO:K01996]
Achr_17480  high affinity branched chain amino acid ABC transporter, ATP binding component [KO:K01996]
Achr_17640  Acyl-CoA synthetase (AMP-forming)/AMP-acid ligase II [KO:K01897] [EC:6.2.1.3]
Achr_14370  AMP-dependent synthetase and ligase family protein: long-chain fatty acid CoA ligase [KO:K01897] [EC:6.2.1.3]
Achr_5410  Vfr transcriptional regulator / Cyclic AMP receptor protein [KO:K10914]
Achr_4340  Cyclic nucleotide-binding protein, hydrogenase accessory protein, HoxI [KO:K10914]
Achr_540  Zinc uptake transcriptional regulator, Fur family [KO:K09823]
Achr_34450  ribA; GTP cyclohydrolase II [KO:K01497] [EC:3.5.4.25]
Achr_34550  ribD; Riboflavin biosynthesis protein RibD [KO:K11752] [EC:3.5.4.26 1.1.1.193]
Achr_39900  Major intrinsic multiple antibiotic resistance efflux outer membrane protein OprM [KO:K18139]
Achr_40480  Bacterial extracellular solute-binding protein, family 5 [KO:K02035]
Achr_40490  Binding-protein-dependent transport systems inner membrane component [KO:K02033]
Achr_40500  Binding-protein-dependent transport systems inner membrane component [KO:K02034]
Achr_40510  ATP binding protein of ABC transporter [KO:K02031 K02032]
Achr_40770  putative inner membrane protein translocase component YidC [KO:K03217]
Achr_35230  secE; Preprotein translocase subunit SecE [KO:K03073]
Achr_7780  secG; Preprotein translocase subunit SecG [KO:K03075]
Achr_34870  secY; preprotein translocase, SecY subunit [KO:K03076]
Achr_9960  yajC; Preprotein translocase subunit YajC [KO:K03210]
Achr_29320  secA; preprotein translocase subunit SecA [KO:K03070] [EC:7.4.2.8]
Achr_37470  ftsY; Signal recognition particle receptor FtsY [KO:K03110]
Achr_36400  secB; preprotein translocase subunit SecB [KO:K03071]
Achr_10670  ffh; Signal recognition particle protein Ffh [KO:K03106] [EC:3.6.5.4]
Compound
C00007  Oxygen
C00009  Orthophosphate
C00059  Sulfate
C00232  Succinate semialdehyde
C00334  4-Aminobutanoate
C00547  L-Noradrenaline
C00788  L-Adrenaline
C01019  L-Fucose
C11837  N-Butyryl-L-homoserine lactone
C11841  N-(3-Oxooctanoyl)homoserine lactone
C11844  N-Heptanoylhomoserine lactone
C11845  N-(3-Hydroxy-7-cis-tetradecenoyl)homoserine lactone
C11848  2-Heptyl-3-hydroxy-quinolone
C16421  AI-2
C16463  3',5'-Cyclic diGMP
C16640  CAI-1
C18049  N-Acyl-L-homoserine lactone
C18206  cis-11-Methyl-2-dodecenoic acid
C20643  2-Heptyl-4(1H)-quinolone
C20677  N-(4-Coumaroyl)-L-homoserine lactone
C20959  (4S)-4-Hydroxy-5-phosphooxypentane-2,3-dione
C21195  N-(3-Hydroxybutanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone
C21197  N-Hexanoyl-L-homoserine lactone
C21198  N-(3-Oxohexanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone
C21199  N-Octanoyl-L-homoserine lactone
C21200  N-3-Hydroxyoctanoyl-L-homoserine lactone
C21201  N-3-Oxo-dodecanoyl-L-homoserine lactone
C21202  cis-2-Dodecenoic acid
C21220  AIP-1
C21221  CSP
C21222  CSP
C21223  Blp
C21224  SHP2
C21225  SHP3
C21226  cCF10
C21227  iCF10
C21228  cAD1
C21229  iAD1
C21230  ComX pheromone
C21231  PhrA pentapeptide
C21232  PhrC pentapeptide
C21233  PhrE pentapeptide
C21234  PhrF pentapeptide
C21235  PhrG pentapeptide
C21236  PhrH pentapeptide
C21237  PhrK pentapeptide
C21238  NprX peptide
C21239  PapR peptide
C21241  AIP-2
C21242  AIP-3
C21243  AIP-4
C21244  AgrD peptide
C21245  AgrD1 peptide
C21246  GBAP
C21382  R-THMF
Reference
  Authors
Pereira CS, Thompson JA, Xavier KB
  Title
AI-2-mediated signalling in bacteria.
  Journal
FEMS Microbiol Rev 37:156-81 (2013)
DOI:10.1111/j.1574-6976.2012.00345.x
Reference
  Authors
Verma SC, Miyashiro T
  Title
Quorum sensing in the squid-Vibrio symbiosis.
  Journal
Int J Mol Sci 14:16386-401 (2013)
DOI:10.3390/ijms140816386
Reference
  Authors
Norsworthy AN, Visick KL
  Title
Gimme shelter: how Vibrio fischeri successfully navigates an animal's multiple environments.
  Journal
Front Microbiol 4:356 (2013)
DOI:10.3389/fmicb.2013.00356
Reference
  Authors
Papaioannou E, Utari PD, Quax WJ
  Title
Choosing an appropriate infection model to study quorum sensing inhibition in Pseudomonas infections.
  Journal
Int J Mol Sci 14:19309-40 (2013)
DOI:10.3390/ijms140919309
Reference
  Authors
Heeb S, Fletcher MP, Chhabra SR, Diggle SP, Williams P, Camara M
  Title
Quinolones: from antibiotics to autoinducers.
  Journal
FEMS Microbiol Rev 35:247-74 (2011)
DOI:10.1111/j.1574-6976.2010.00247.x
Reference
  Authors
Rasamiravaka T, Labtani Q, Duez P, El Jaziri M
  Title
The formation of biofilms by Pseudomonas aeruginosa: a review of the natural and synthetic compounds interfering with control mechanisms.
  Journal
Biomed Res Int 2015:759348 (2015)
DOI:10.1155/2015/759348
Reference
  Authors
Whiteley M, Greenberg EP
  Title
Promoter specificity elements in Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-sensing-controlled genes.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 183:5529-34 (2001)
DOI:10.1128/JB.183.19.5529-5534.2001
Reference
  Authors
Chin-A-Woeng TF, van den Broek D, de Voer G, van der Drift KM, Tuinman S, Thomas-Oates JE, Lugtenberg BJ, Bloemberg GV
  Title
Phenazine-1-carboxamide production in the biocontrol strain Pseudomonas chlororaphis PCL1391 is regulated by multiple factors secreted into the growth medium.
  Journal
Mol Plant Microbe Interact 14:969-79 (2001)
DOI:10.1094/MPMI.2001.14.8.969
Reference
  Authors
Hughes DT, Clarke MB, Yamamoto K, Rasko DA, Sperandio V
  Title
The QseC adrenergic signaling cascade in Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC).
  Journal
PLoS Pathog 5:e1000553 (2009)
DOI:10.1371/journal.ppat.1000553
Reference
  Authors
Njoroge J, Sperandio V
  Title
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli virulence regulation by two bacterial adrenergic kinases, QseC and QseE.
  Journal
Infect Immun 80:688-703 (2012)
DOI:10.1128/IAI.05921-11
Reference
  Authors
Pacheco AR, Curtis MM, Ritchie JM, Munera D, Waldor MK, Moreira CG, Sperandio V
  Title
Fucose sensing regulates bacterial intestinal colonization.
  Journal
Nature 492:113-7 (2012)
DOI:10.1038/nature11623
Reference
  Authors
Hirakawa H, Harwood CS, Pechter KB, Schaefer AL, Greenberg EP
  Title
Antisense RNA that affects Rhodopseudomonas palustris quorum-sensing signal receptor expression.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:12141-6 (2012)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.1200243109
Reference
  Authors
Danino VE, Wilkinson A, Edwards A, Downie JA
  Title
Recipient-induced transfer of the symbiotic plasmid pRL1JI in Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae is regulated by a quorum-sensing relay.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 50:511-25 (2003)
DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2958.2003.03699.x
Reference
  Authors
Wisniewski-Dye F, Downie JA
  Title
Quorum-sensing in Rhizobium.
  Journal
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 81:397-407 (2002)
DOI:10.1023/A:1020501104051
Reference
  Authors
Rodelas B, Lithgow JK, Wisniewski-Dye F, Hardman A, Wilkinson A, Economou A, Williams P, Downie JA
  Title
Analysis of quorum-sensing-dependent control of rhizosphere-expressed (rhi) genes in Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 181:3816-23 (1999)
DOI:10.1128/JB.181.12.3816-3823.1999
Reference
  Authors
Lang J, Faure D
  Title
Functions and regulation of quorum-sensing in Agrobacterium tumefaciens.
  Journal
Front Plant Sci 5:14 (2014)
DOI:10.3389/fpls.2014.00014
Reference
  Authors
Planamente S, Morera S, Faure D
  Title
In planta fitness-cost of the Atu4232-regulon encoding for a selective GABA-binding sensor in Agrobacterium.
  Journal
Commun Integr Biol 6:e23692 (2013)
DOI:10.4161/cib.23692
Reference
  Authors
Barnard AM, Salmond GP
  Title
Quorum sensing in Erwinia species.
  Journal
Anal Bioanal Chem 387:415-23 (2007)
DOI:10.1007/s00216-006-0701-1
Reference
  Authors
Barnard AM, Bowden SD, Burr T, Coulthurst SJ, Monson RE, Salmond GP
  Title
Quorum sensing, virulence and secondary metabolite production in plant soft-rotting bacteria.
  Journal
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 362:1165-83 (2007)
DOI:10.1098/rstb.2007.2042
Reference
  Authors
Carlier A, Burbank L, von Bodman SB
  Title
Identification and characterization of three novel EsaI/EsaR quorum-sensing controlled stewartan exopolysaccharide biosynthetic genes in Pantoea stewartii ssp. stewartii.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 74:903-13 (2009)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2009.06906.x
Reference
PMID:7665477
  Authors
Beck von Bodman S, Farrand SK
  Title
Capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis and pathogenicity in Erwinia stewartii require induction by an N-acylhomoserine lactone autoinducer.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 177:5000-8 (1995)
DOI:10.1128/JB.177.17.5000-5008.1995
Reference
  Authors
O'Grady EP, Viteri DF, Malott RJ, Sokol PA
  Title
Reciprocal regulation by the CepIR and CciIR quorum sensing systems in Burkholderia cenocepacia.
  Journal
BMC Genomics 10:441 (2009)
DOI:10.1186/1471-2164-10-441
Reference
  Authors
Malott RJ, Baldwin A, Mahenthiralingam E, Sokol PA
  Title
Characterization of the cciIR quorum-sensing system in Burkholderia cenocepacia.
  Journal
Infect Immun 73:4982-92 (2005)
DOI:10.1128/IAI.73.8.4982-4992.2005
Reference
  Authors
Deng Y, Schmid N, Wang C, Wang J, Pessi G, Wu D, Lee J, Aguilar C, Ahrens CH, Chang C, Song H, Eberl L, Zhang LH
  Title
Cis-2-dodecenoic acid receptor RpfR links quorum-sensing signal perception with regulation of virulence through cyclic dimeric guanosine monophosphate turnover.
  Journal
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:15479-84 (2012)
DOI:10.1073/pnas.1205037109
Reference
  Authors
Suppiger A, Schmid N, Aguilar C, Pessi G, Eberl L
  Title
Two quorum sensing systems control biofilm formation and virulence in members of the Burkholderia cepacia complex.
  Journal
Virulence 4:400-9 (2013)
DOI:10.4161/viru.25338
Reference
  Authors
Deng Y, Wu J, Tao F, Zhang LH
  Title
Listening to a new language: DSF-based quorum sensing in Gram-negative bacteria.
  Journal
Chem Rev 111:160-73 (2011)
DOI:10.1021/cr100354f
Reference
  Authors
Ryan RP, Dow JM
  Title
Communication with a growing family: diffusible signal factor (DSF) signaling in bacteria.
  Journal
Trends Microbiol 19:145-52 (2011)
DOI:10.1016/j.tim.2010.12.003
Reference
  Authors
Kim J, Kim JG, Kang Y, Jang JY, Jog GJ, Lim JY, Kim S, Suga H, Nagamatsu T, Hwang I
  Title
Quorum sensing and the LysR-type transcriptional activator ToxR regulate toxoflavin biosynthesis and transport in Burkholderia glumae.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 54:921-34 (2004)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2004.04338.x
Reference
  Authors
Kim J, Kang Y, Choi O, Jeong Y, Jeong JE, Lim JY, Kim M, Moon JS, Suga H, Hwang I
  Title
Regulation of polar flagellum genes is mediated by quorum sensing and FlhDC in Burkholderia glumae.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 64:165-79 (2007)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2007.05646.x
Reference
  Authors
Stauff DL, Bassler BL
  Title
Quorum sensing in Chromobacterium violaceum: DNA recognition and gene regulation by the CviR receptor.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 193:3871-8 (2011)
DOI:10.1128/JB.05125-11
Reference
  Authors
Chen G, Swem LR, Swem DL, Stauff DL, O'Loughlin CT, Jeffrey PD, Bassler BL, Hughson FM
  Title
A strategy for antagonizing quorum sensing.
  Journal
Mol Cell 42:199-209 (2011)
DOI:10.1016/j.molcel.2011.04.003
Reference
  Authors
Hao G, Burr TJ
  Title
Regulation of long-chain N-acyl-homoserine lactones in Agrobacterium vitis.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 188:2173-83 (2006)
DOI:10.1128/JB.188.6.2173-2183.2006
Reference
  Authors
Savka MA, Le PT, Burr TJ
  Title
LasR receptor for detection of long-chain quorum-sensing signals: identification of N-acyl-homoserine lactones encoded by the avsI locus of Agrobacterium vitis.
  Journal
Curr Microbiol 62:101-10 (2011)
DOI:10.1007/s00284-010-9679-1
Reference
  Authors
Le KY, Otto M
  Title
Quorum-sensing regulation in staphylococci-an overview.
  Journal
Front Microbiol 6:1174 (2015)
DOI:10.3389/fmicb.2015.01174
Reference
  Authors
Queck SY, Jameson-Lee M, Villaruz AE, Bach TH, Khan BA, Sturdevant DE, Ricklefs SM, Li M, Otto M
  Title
RNAIII-independent target gene control by the agr quorum-sensing system: insight into the evolution of virulence regulation in Staphylococcus aureus.
  Journal
Mol Cell 32:150-8 (2008)
DOI:10.1016/j.molcel.2008.08.005
Reference
  Authors
Darkoh C, DuPont HL, Norris SJ, Kaplan HB
  Title
Toxin synthesis by Clostridium difficile is regulated through quorum signaling.
  Journal
MBio 6:e02569 (2015)
DOI:10.1128/mBio.02569-14
Reference
  Authors
Vidal JE, Shak JR, Canizalez-Roman A
  Title
The CpAL quorum sensing system regulates production of hemolysins CPA and PFO to build Clostridium perfringens biofilms.
  Journal
Infect Immun 83:2430-42 (2015)
DOI:10.1128/IAI.00240-15
Reference
  Authors
Ohtani K, Yuan Y, Hassan S, Wang R, Wang Y, Shimizu T
  Title
Virulence gene regulation by the agr system in Clostridium perfringens.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 191:3919-27 (2009)
DOI:10.1128/JB.01455-08
Reference
  Authors
Li YH, Tian X
  Title
Quorum sensing and bacterial social interactions in biofilms.
  Journal
Sensors (Basel) 12:2519-38 (2012)
DOI:10.3390/s120302519
Reference
  Authors
Berg KH, Biornstad TJ, Johnsborg O, Havarstein LS
  Title
Properties and biological role of streptococcal fratricins.
  Journal
Appl Environ Microbiol 78:3515-22 (2012)
DOI:10.1128/AEM.00098-12
Reference
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Conrads G, de Soet JJ, Song L, Henne K, Sztajer H, Wagner-Dobler I, Zeng AP
  Title
Comparing the cariogenic species Streptococcus sobrinus and S. mutans on whole genome level.
  Journal
J Oral Microbiol 6:26189 (2014)
DOI:10.3402/jom.v6.26189
Reference
  Authors
Jimenez JC, Federle MJ
  Title
Quorum sensing in group A Streptococcus.
  Journal
Front Cell Infect Microbiol 4:127 (2014)
DOI:10.3389/fcimb.2014.00127
Reference
  Authors
Cook LC, Federle MJ
  Title
Peptide pheromone signaling in Streptococcus and Enterococcus.
  Journal
FEMS Microbiol Rev 38:473-92 (2014)
DOI:10.1111/1574-6976.12046
Reference
PMID:9680220
  Authors
Podbielski A, Leonard BA
  Title
The group A streptococcal dipeptide permease (Dpp) is involved in the uptake of essential amino acids and affects the expression of cysteine protease.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 28:1323-34 (1998)
DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2958.1998.00898.x
Reference
PMID:8885277
  Authors
Podbielski A, Pohl B, Woischnik M, Korner C, Schmidt KH, Rozdzinski E, Leonard BA
  Title
Molecular characterization of group A streptococcal (GAS) oligopeptide permease (opp) and its effect on cysteine protease production.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 21:1087-99 (1996)
DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2958.1996.661421.x
Reference
  Authors
Anbalagan S, Dmitriev A, McShan WM, Dunman PM, Chaussee MS
  Title
Growth phase-dependent modulation of Rgg binding specificity in Streptococcus pyogenes.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 194:3961-71 (2012)
DOI:10.1128/JB.06709-11
Reference
  Authors
Clewell DB
  Title
Tales of conjugation and sex pheromones: A plasmid and enterococcal odyssey.
  Journal
Mob Genet Elements 1:38-54 (2011)
DOI:10.4161/mge.1.1.15409
Reference
  Authors
Wardal E, Sadowy E, Hryniewicz W
  Title
Complex nature of enterococcal pheromone-responsive plasmids.
  Journal
Pol J Microbiol 59:79-87 (2010)
Reference
  Authors
Roux A, Payne SM, Gilmore MS
  Title
Microbial telesensing: probing the environment for friends, foes, and food.
  Journal
Cell Host Microbe 6:115-24 (2009)
DOI:10.1016/j.chom.2009.07.004
Reference
  Authors
Slamti L, Perchat S, Huillet E, Lereclus D
  Title
Quorum sensing in Bacillus thuringiensis is required for completion of a full infectious cycle in the insect.
  Journal
Toxins (Basel) 6:2239-55 (2014)
DOI:10.3390/toxins6082239
Reference
  Authors
Lopez D, Kolter R
  Title
Extracellular signals that define distinct and coexisting cell fates in Bacillus subtilis.
  Journal
FEMS Microbiol Rev 34:134-49 (2010)
DOI:10.1111/j.1574-6976.2009.00199.x
Reference
  Authors
Stephenson S, Mueller C, Jiang M, Perego M
  Title
Molecular analysis of Phr peptide processing in Bacillus subtilis.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 185:4861-71 (2003)
DOI:10.1128/JB.185.16.4861-4871.2003
Reference
  Authors
Lanigan-Gerdes S, Dooley AN, Faull KF, Lazazzera BA
  Title
Identification of subtilisin, Epr and Vpr as enzymes that produce CSF, an extracellular signalling peptide of Bacillus subtilis.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 65:1321-33 (2007)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2007.05869.x
Reference
  Authors
Kleerebezem M
  Title
Quorum sensing control of lantibiotic production; nisin and subtilin autoregulate their own biosynthesis.
  Journal
Peptides 25:1405-14 (2004)
DOI:10.1016/j.peptides.2003.10.021
Reference
  Authors
Rutherford ST, Bassler BL
  Title
Bacterial quorum sensing: its role in virulence and possibilities for its control.
  Journal
Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med 2:a012427 (2012)
DOI:10.1101/cshperspect.a012427
Reference
  Authors
LaSarre B, Federle MJ
  Title
Exploiting quorum sensing to confuse bacterial pathogens.
  Journal
Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 77:73-111 (2013)
DOI:10.1128/MMBR.00046-12
Reference
  Authors
Sifri CD
  Title
Healthcare epidemiology: quorum sensing: bacteria talk sense.
  Journal
Clin Infect Dis 47:1070-6 (2008)
DOI:10.1086/592072
Related
pathway
acx02040  Flagellar assembly
KO pathway
ko02024   
LinkDB

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