KEGG   PATHWAY: mpah05217
Entry
mpah05217                   Pathway                                

Name
Basal cell carcinoma - Mus pahari (shrew mouse)
Description
Cancer of the skin is the most common cancer in Caucasians and basal cell carcinomas (BCC) account for 90% of all skin cancers. The vast majority of BCC cases are sporadic, though there is a rare familial syndrome basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS, or Gorlin syndrome) that predisposes to development of BCC. In addition, there is strong epidemiological and genetic evidence that demonstrates UV exposure as a risk factor of prime importance. The development of basal cell carcinoma is associated with constitutive activation of sonic hedgehog signaling. The mutations in SMOH, PTCH1, and SHH in BCCs result in continuous activation of target genes. At a cellular level, sonic hedgehog signaling promotes cell proliferation. Mutations in TP53 are also found with high frequency (>50%) in sporadic BCC.
Class
Human Diseases; Cancer: specific types
Pathway map
mpah05217  Basal cell carcinoma
mpah05217

Organism
Mus pahari (shrew mouse) [GN:mpah]
Gene
110331731  Tp53; cellular tumor antigen p53 isoform X1 [KO:K04451]
110338236  Cdkn1a; cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1 [KO:K06625]
110316550  Gadd45a; growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible protein GADD45 alpha isoform X1 [KO:K04402]
110326839  Gadd45b; growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible protein GADD45 beta [KO:K04402]
110333844  Gadd45g; growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible protein GADD45 gamma [KO:K04402]
110320030  Bax; apoptosis regulator BAX isoform X1 [KO:K02159]
110338169  Bak1; bcl-2 homologous antagonist/killer isoform X1 [KO:K14021]
110319597  Ddb2; DNA damage-binding protein 2 isoform X1 [KO:K10140]
110329143  Polk; DNA polymerase kappa isoform X1 [KO:K03511] [EC:2.7.7.7]
110316392  Shh; sonic hedgehog protein isoform X1 [KO:K11988]
110333595  Ptch1; protein patched homolog 1 [KO:K06225]
110316414  Smo; smoothened homolog [KO:K06226]
110318868  Kif7; kinesin-like protein KIF7 isoform X1 [KO:K18806]
110318082  Sufu; suppressor of fused homolog isoform X1 [KO:K06229]
110326390  Gli1; zinc finger protein GLI1 [KO:K16797]
110321463  Gli2; zinc finger protein GLI2 [KO:K16798]
110333582  Gli3; transcriptional activator GLI3 [KO:K06230]
110318284  Bmp2; bone morphogenetic protein 2 [KO:K21283]
110325391  Bmp4; bone morphogenetic protein 4 [KO:K04662]
110337499  Hhip; hedgehog-interacting protein [KO:K06231]
110323075  Ptch2; protein patched homolog 2 isoform X1 [KO:K11101]
110335204  Wnt1; proto-oncogene Wnt-1 [KO:K03209]
110316416  Wnt2; protein Wnt-2 [KO:K00182]
110320339  Wnt2b; protein Wnt-2b [KO:K00182]
110331952  Wnt3; proto-oncogene Wnt-3 [KO:K00312]
110331285  Wnt3a; protein Wnt-3a [KO:K00312]
110323343  Wnt4; protein Wnt-4 isoform X1 [KO:K00408]
110316538  Wnt5b; protein Wnt-5b [KO:K00444]
110325571  Wnt5a; protein Wnt-5a isoform X1 [KO:K00444]
110321884  Wnt6; protein Wnt-6 [KO:K00445]
110316305  Wnt7a; protein Wnt-7a [KO:K00572]
110335001  Wnt7b; protein Wnt-7b isoform X1 [KO:K00572]
110330357  Wnt8b; protein Wnt-8b [KO:K00714]
110333515  Wnt8a; protein Wnt-8a [KO:K00714]
110331284  Wnt9a; protein Wnt-9a isoform X1 [KO:K01064]
110332442  Wnt9b; protein Wnt-9b [KO:K01064]
110335137  Wnt10b; protein Wnt-10b isoform X1 [KO:K01357]
110322230  Wnt10a; protein Wnt-10a [KO:K01357]
110325401  Wnt11; protein Wnt-11 isoform X1 [KO:K01384]
110317136  Wnt16; protein Wnt-16 [KO:K01558]
110316646  Fzd1; frizzled-1 [KO:K02432]
110321753  Fzd7; frizzled-7 [KO:K02432]
110331922  Fzd2; frizzled-2 [KO:K02235]
110325524  Fzd3; frizzled-3 [KO:K02329]
110325899  Fzd4; frizzled-4 [KO:K02354]
110321741  Fzd5; frizzled-5 [KO:K02375]
110333155  Fzd8; frizzled-8 [KO:K02375]
110334890  Fzd6; frizzled-6 [KO:K02376]
110339184  Fzd10; frizzled-10 [KO:K02842]
110312856  Fzd9; frizzled-9 [KO:K02842]
110329595  Dvl3; segment polarity protein dishevelled homolog DVL-3 isoform X1 [KO:K02353]
110323116  Dvl1; segment polarity protein dishevelled homolog DVL-1 isoform X1 [KO:K02353]
110331183  Dvl2; segment polarity protein dishevelled homolog DVL-2 isoform X1 [KO:K02353]
110329614  Gsk3b; glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta isoform X1 [KO:K03083] [EC:2.7.11.26]
110338127  Axin1; axin-1 isoform X1 [KO:K02157]
110331423  Axin2; axin-2 [KO:K04385]
110333195  Apc; adenomatous polyposis coli protein isoform X1 [KO:K02085]
110326173  Apc2; adenomatous polyposis coli protein 2 isoform X1 [KO:K02085]
110328516  Ctnnb1; catenin beta-1 isoform X1 [KO:K02105]
110332085  Tcf7; transcription factor 7 isoform X1 [KO:K02620]
110315696  Tcf7l1; transcription factor 7-like 1 isoform X1 [KO:K04490]
110313411  Tcf7l2; transcription factor 7-like 2 isoform X1 [KO:K04491]
110319903  Lef1; lymphoid enhancer-binding factor 1 isoform X1 [KO:K04492]
Compound
C00187  Cholesterol
Reference
  Authors
Tilli CM, Van Steensel MA, Krekels GA, Neumann HA, Ramaekers FC.
  Title
Molecular aetiology and pathogenesis of basal cell carcinoma.
  Journal
Br J Dermatol 152:1108-24 (2005)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2005.06587.x
Reference
  Authors
Saldanha G, Fletcher A, Slater DN.
  Title
Basal cell carcinoma: a dermatopathological and molecular biological update.
  Journal
Br J Dermatol 148:195-202 (2003)
DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2133.2003.05151.x
Reference
  Authors
Daya-Grosjean L, Couve-Privat S.
  Title
Sonic hedgehog signaling in basal cell carcinomas.
  Journal
Cancer Lett 225:181-92 (2005)
DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2004.10.003
Reference
  Authors
Tsai KY, Tsao H.
  Title
The genetics of skin cancer.
  Journal
Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 131C:82-92 (2004)
DOI:10.1002/ajmg.c.30037
Reference
  Authors
Athar M, Tang X, Lee JL, Kopelovich L, Kim AL.
  Title
Hedgehog signalling in skin development and cancer.
  Journal
Exp Dermatol 15:667-77 (2006)
DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0625.2006.00473.x
Reference
  Authors
Rubin AI, Chen EH, Ratner D.
  Title
Basal-cell carcinoma.
  Journal
N Engl J Med 353:2262-9 (2005)
DOI:10.1056/NEJMra044151
Reference
  Authors
Saldanha G.
  Title
The Hedgehog signalling pathway and cancer.
  Journal
Reference
  Authors
Saldanha G, Ghura V, Potter L, Fletcher A.
  Title
Nuclear beta-catenin in basal cell carcinoma correlates with increased proliferation.
  Journal
Br J Dermatol 151:157-64 (2004)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2004.06048.x
Reference
  Authors
Pasca di Magliano M, Hebrok M.
  Title
Hedgehog signalling in cancer formation and maintenance.
  Journal
Nat Rev Cancer 3:903-11 (2003)
DOI:10.1038/nrc1229
Reference
  Authors
Reifenberger J, Wolter M, Knobbe CB, Kohler B, Schonicke A, Scharwachter C, Kumar K, Blaschke B, Ruzicka T, Reifenberger G.
  Title
Somatic mutations in the PTCH, SMOH, SUFUH and TP53 genes in sporadic basal cell carcinomas.
  Journal
Br J Dermatol 152:43-51 (2005)
DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2005.06353.x
Reference
  Authors
Cohen MM Jr.
  Title
The hedgehog signaling network.
  Journal
Am J Med Genet A 123:5-28 (2003)
DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.20495
Reference
  Authors
Yamazaki F, Aragane Y, Kawada A, Tezuka T.
  Title
Immunohistochemical detection for nuclear beta-catenin in sporadic basal cell carcinoma.
  Journal
Br J Dermatol 145:771-7 (2001)
DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2133.2001.04468.x
Reference
  Authors
Erb P, Ji J, Wernli M, Kump E, Glaser A, Buchner SA.
  Title
Role of apoptosis in basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma formation.
  Journal
Immunol Lett 100:68-72 (2005)
DOI:10.1016/j.imlet.2005.06.008
Reference
  Authors
Toftgard R.
  Title
Hedgehog signalling in cancer.
  Journal
Cell Mol Life Sci 57:1720-31 (2000)
DOI:10.1007/PL00000654
Reference
  Authors
Wu F, Zhang Y, Sun B, McMahon AP, Wang Y
  Title
Hedgehog Signaling: From Basic Biology to Cancer Therapy.
  Journal
Cell Chem Biol 24:252-280 (2017)
DOI:10.1016/j.chembiol.2017.02.010
Reference
  Authors
Otsuka A, Levesque MP, Dummer R, Kabashima K
  Title
Hedgehog signaling in basal cell carcinoma.
  Journal
J Dermatol Sci 78:95-100 (2015)
DOI:10.1016/j.jdermsci.2015.02.007
Related
pathway
mpah04110  Cell cycle
mpah04115  p53 signaling pathway
mpah04310  Wnt signaling pathway
mpah04340  Hedgehog signaling pathway
mpah04350  TGF-beta signaling pathway
KO pathway
ko05217   
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