KEGG   DISEASE: Nocardiosis
Entry
H00345                      Disease                                
Name
Nocardiosis
Description
Nocardiosis is an uncommon gram-positive bacterial infection that affects mainly patients with deficient cell-mediated immunity. It has been reported worldwide in all ages and ethnic groups. Pulmonary disease is the most common clinical presentation especially in immunocompromised patients. Nocardiosis also occurs in disseminated form, affecting lungs, central nervous system, skin, and the soft tissues.
Category
Infectious disease
Brite
Infectious diseases [BR:br08401]
 Bacterial infections
  Infections caused by actinobacteria
   H00345  Nocardiosis
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
 01 Certain infectious or parasitic diseases
  Other bacterial diseases
   1C1B  Nocardiosis
    H00345  Nocardiosis
Pathogen
Nocardia farcinica [GN:nfa]
Nocardia brasiliensis
Nocardia asteroides sensu stricto
Nocardia nova
Nocardia cyriacigeorgica [GN:ncy]
Drug
Sulfadiazine [DR:D00587]
Other DBs
ICD-11: 1C1B
ICD-10: A43
MeSH: D009617
MedlinePlus: 000679
Reference
  Authors
Ambrosioni J, Lew D, Garbino J
  Title
Nocardiosis: updated clinical review and experience at a tertiary center.
  Journal
Infection 38:89-97 (2010)
DOI:10.1007/s15010-009-9193-9
Reference
  Authors
Sullivan DC, Chapman SW
  Title
Bacteria that masquerade as fungi: actinomycosis/nocardia.
  Journal
Proc Am Thorac Soc 7:216-21 (2010)
DOI:10.1513/pats.200907-077AL
Reference
  Authors
Brown-Elliott BA, Brown JM, Conville PS, Wallace RJ Jr
  Title
Clinical and laboratory features of the Nocardia spp. based on current molecular taxonomy.
  Journal
Clin Microbiol Rev 19:259-82 (2006)
DOI:10.1128/CMR.19.2.259-282.2006
Reference
  Authors
Martinez R, Reyes S, Menendez R
  Title
Pulmonary nocardiosis: risk factors, clinical features, diagnosis and prognosis.
  Journal
Curr Opin Pulm Med 14:219-27 (2008)
DOI:10.1097/MCP.0b013e3282f85dd3
Reference
  Authors
Lalitha P
  Title
Nocardia keratitis.
  Journal
Curr Opin Ophthalmol 20:318-23 (2009)
DOI:10.1097/ICU.0b013e32832c3bcc
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