KEGG   ENZYME: 5.1.1.4
Entry
EC 5.1.1.4                  Enzyme                                 
Name
proline racemase
Class
Isomerases;
Racemases and epimerases;
Acting on amino acids and derivatives
Sysname
proline racemase
Reaction(IUBMB)
L-proline = D-proline [RN:R01255]
Reaction(KEGG)
R01255
Substrate
L-proline [CPD:C00148]
Product
D-proline [CPD:C00763]
History
EC 5.1.1.4 created 1961
Pathway
ec00330  Arginine and proline metabolism
ec00470  D-Amino acid metabolism
ec01100  Metabolic pathways
Orthology
K01777  proline racemase
Genes
TCR430737.10 506795.80 509935.29
KLWDA718_25305
PAOPat9b_4269
XACXAC2231
XCTJ151_02395
XCJJ158_02386
XCUJ159_02384
XCNJ169_02393
XCWJ162_02385
XCRJ163_02380
XCMJ164_02382
XCFJ172_02387
XAOXAC29_11295
DJAHY57_08610
PCQPcP3B5_26790
PPTPPS_3973
PPUHB479_19750
PPUDDW66_4412
PMONX969_19405
PMOTX970_19040
PPJRK21_00512
PSTTCH92_04385
PCHEY04_18130
PSILPMA3_17870
PVWHU752_013685
PXAKSS93_14210
PFAKKSS94_16870
ABKLX00_09385
ABAUIX87_20090
ABERBSR55_07165
SAZSama_1532
SLOShew_2361
SSESsed_1763
SPLSpea_1705
SHLShal_2554
SWDSwoo_2821
SWPswp_1985
SVOSVI_1711
SPSWSps_03404
SMAVCFF01_07500
SBKSHEWBE_3282
SKHSTH12_01175
SLITJQC75_07530
SPSHFM037_11265
SEURFM038_25735
SCYPJYB88_10675
SSEMJYB85_10905
CPSCPS_1453
COMCMT41_05475
LSDEMK97_00485
PTNPTRA_b0310
PSEOOM33_02130
PPHEPP2015_1729
PRRAT705_05450
PSPOPSPO_a3019
PSENPNC201_08160
PDJD0907_20895
PXIJ5O05_01240
PVBJ5X90_17040
FBLFbal_2399
SAGAM5M_03785
SPIUSPICUR_00985
SROSBBH56_00055
HTTHZS52_23600
HSXHNO51_01380
HSVHNO53_01270 HNO53_03205
HTXEKK97_03885
PSENH8B_1453 NH8B_2517
BURBcep18194_B1660
BCNBcen_4007
BCHBcen2424_4360
BCMBcenmc03_5994
BCJBCAM1488
BCENDM39_3530
BCEWDM40_4354
BCEOI35_5342
BAMBamb_3769
BACBamMC406_4243
BMUBmul_4260
BMKDM80_3434
BMULNP80_4358
BCTGEM_4272 GEM_4657 GEM_4714
BCEDDM42_3601
BCEPAPZ15_32005
BPYRABD05_28710
BCONNL30_05160
BUBBW23_5157
BDFWI26_20380
BLATWK25_24140
BTEIWS51_05045
BSEMWJ12_27275
BPSLWS57_06720
BMECWJ16_25805
BSTGWT74_26220
BSTLBBJ41_20505
BANNJFN94_24470
BGDbgla_2g06610
BGOBM43_4306
BYIBYI23_C008410 BYI23_C013030 BYI23_D009420
BUEBRPE67_CCDS02800 BRPE67_CCDS13530 BRPE67_DCDS11460
BGPBGL_2c06360 BGL_2c21290(prdF)
BPLAbpln_2g07040 bpln_2g21390
BUMAXG89_39240
BUIAX768_21120
BURKDM992_18455
BXEBxe_B1024
BXBDR64_6345
BPHBphy_3344
BGEBC1002_4092
BPYBphyt_5694
BUZAYM40_16585
BFNOI25_4197 OI25_5075
BCAIK788_0007262 K788_0008494
PSPWBJG93_30580
PARABTO02_28185
PARBCJU94_23885
PHSC2L64_10395 C2L64_27320
PTERC2L65_21180 C2L65_32775
PGPCUJ91_31180
PCAFDSC91_001682
PMEGFNZ07_10015
PACPFAZ97_20260
PEWKZJ38_30740
PPULRO07_15815
PAPISG18_13755
PNRAT302_00105
PFIBPI93_004740
BUOBRPE64_CCDS07940
BBROBAU06_14295
BFZBAU07_12195
BOHAKI39_05075
AXYAXYL_04854
AXONH44784_036591
AXNAX27061_4700
AXXERS451415_04733
ADTAPT56_21705
AISBUW96_13260
ASWCVS48_14190
ACHRC2U31_28050
ACHBDVB37_20295
ADYHLG70_29335
ODIODI_R0559
HSEHsero_0175
HSZACP92_00870
HHTF506_21365
HRBHrubri_0190
HEEhmeg3_22525
HHFE2K99_01135 E2K99_23340
HFRG5S34_00875
CFUCFU_3544(prdF)
CARELT85_4059
CPRACPter91_4369
UPVEJN92_04885
UPIEJG51_008465
GLCJQN73_04590
SUTKFG381_04610
SWSI6J16_03075
ALKALEK_0485
ALPLPB137_02165
AANAAANAER_1609
DDSDdes_1690
DATHRM2_34980(prdF1) HRM2_47520(prdF2)
DOVDSCO28_52220
DWDDSCW_20780(prdF) DSCW_54570
DALKDSCA_17950(prdF) DSCA_46930 DSCA_61850
DLIdnl_59040
SCUSCE1572_36600
MCIMesci_0177 Mesci_6228
MOPMesop_2812
MAMMesau_00178
MAMOA6B35_31435
MESWA9K65_000850
MESMEJ066_10315
MERDEB233_26720
MESRFGU64_15360
MESOBSQ44_04665
HOEIMCC20628_02167 IMCC20628_03825
AMIHCO731_01052
PHTBLM14_16985
NIYFQ775_10295
RHINGR_c30180
SFDUSDA257_c25860
SAMESAMCFNEI73_Ch0740 SAMCFNEI73_pC1954
SINOSS05631_b51920
EMXFKV68_09300 FKV68_32975
RECRHECIAT_PC0000639 RHECIAT_PC0000647
RELREMIM1_PE00214 REMIM1_PE00235
REPIE4803_PC00464 IE4803_PC00473
REIIE4771_PD00475 IE4771_PD00483
RHXAMK02_PD00369 AMK02_PD00377
RJGCCGE525_23425
RHRCKA34_28110
RGRFZ934_22355
RADCO657_27725
PDESFE840_019525
BOPAXW83_19965
BOSBSY19_557
BVVBHK69_08465
BOIBLM15_05005 BLM15_19480
BOFFQV39_30770
SNOSnov_3198
STARG3545_23235 G3545_26490 G3545_28545
APRAG3A50_09720 G3A50_20195 G3A50_21160 G3A50_21185 G3A50_21200
METM446_3837
MNOMnod_3966 Mnod_3975
RHJHZY79_04710
HDIHDIA_0807 HDIA_0812 HDIA_0815
PSFPSE_0807
PSTGE8M01_26480
OATOAN307_c00100
LEJETW24_13680
LAQUR2C4_05270
SULIC1J05_14485
RIDRIdsm_03504
ROMEI983_12400
ROHFIU89_17115
HATRC74_03345
RSPRSP_3519
RSHRsph17029_3164
RSKRSKD131_3687
PDEPden_1045
PYEA6J80_19385
PMUTDPM13_18495
PPANESD82_08910
GFUKM031_15875
PAEDG5B38_08255
SSYSLG_18300
KSCCD178_02454
NTND5366_04165
SHUMSTHU_29150
ABSAZOBR_p330065
ABQABAZ39_28860
AZTTSH58p_31780
AZZDEW08_20005
HADHFRZ61_25710 FRZ61_25800
TXITH3_13275
THACCSC3H3_22480
TIIDY252_15955
ECOGFIV45_14020
BIQAN935_02680
BANBA_0901 BA_2834
BARGBAA_0901 GBAA_2834
BATBAS0853 BAS2643
BAHBAMEG_1762 BAMEG_3661
BAIBAA_1004 BAA_2896
BAXH9401_0857 H9401_2703
BANTA16_09800 A16_28670
BANRA16R_09920 A16R_29100
BANSBAPAT_0865 BAPAT_2723
BANHHYU01_04835 HYU01_14050
BANVDJ46_1609 DJ46_5370
BCEBC0905 BC2834 BC2835
BCABCE_0994 BCE_2863
BCZBCE33L0802(prdF) BCE33L2559(prdF)
BCRBCAH187_A1082 BCAH187_A2885
BCBBCB4264_A0943 BCB4264_A2846
BCUBCAH820_0989 BCAH820_2840
BCGBCG9842_B2447 BCG9842_B4388
BCQBCQ_0988(prdF) BCQ_2673
BCXBCA_0952 BCA_2915
BALBACI_c09400 BACI_c27990
BNCBCN_0900 BCN_2696
BCFbcf_04625 bcf_04630 bcf_13870
BCERBCK_03710 BCK_20700
BCEFBcrFT9_00815 BcrFT9_02225
BTKBT9727_0799(prdF) BT9727_2594
BTLBALH_0813 BALH_2543
BTBBMB171_C0784 BMB171_C2537
BTTHD73_1024 HD73_3143
BTHRYBT1520_05055 YBT1520_15495
BTHIBTK_05080 BTK_15595
BTCCT43_CH0861 CT43_CH2828
BTFYBT020_04780 YBT020_14165
BTMMC28_0161 MC28_2023
BTGBTB_c09760 BTB_c29530
BTIBTG_05165 BTG_16775
BTNBTF1_02080 BTF1_11705
BTHTH175_ch2877
BTHUYBT1518_05520 YBT1518_15630
BTWBF38_2149 BF38_4002
BTHYAQ980_15440 AQ980_25790
BWEBcerKBAB4_0800 BcerKBAB4_2637
BWWbwei_2195(prdF3) bwei_4102(prdF2)
BMYOBG05_3189 BG05_5005
BTYBtoyo_0119 Btoyo_3572
BMYCDJ92_3485 DJ92_5300
BBYCY96_03725 CY96_12940
BWDCT694_05010 CT694_15105
BTROFJR70_04995
BMOBMLA2C4_04875 MLA2C4_14990
BNTGSN03_04970 GSN03_13675
BPACLMD38_12915 LMD38_21500
BDAFSZ17_18535 FSZ17_18585 FSZ17_20195
BSHILGQ02_19355
BBADK7T73_20670 K7T73_21105 K7T73_21140
BMEGBG04_5808
BEOBEH_14595
BKWBkAM31D_21850
BONA361_24320
LSPBsph_0111 Bsph_0112
LFUHR49_02795 HR49_02800
LMACI6G82_16105
VIRX953_15945 X953_15950
VHLBME96_15660 BME96_15665
VIGBKP57_03320 BKP57_03325
VILCFK37_09320 CFK37_09325
VNECFK40_05725 CFK40_05805 CFK40_05810
VPTKBP50_05420 KBP50_05425
LAOAOX59_16565 AOX59_16570
PSYHD0S48_07925
SCIAHUG15_20490 HUG15_20495
NMKCHR53_21985
STEAC0679_01840
MLENH3V22_11090
SHVAAT16_12600 AAT16_12660
GOTAXE85_08075
GMONCTC11323_00117
GEQCG018_01675
GSAFOC50_03400
BBEBBR47_45600 BBR47_45630
BFMBP422_18450 BP422_18465
BAGRBA6348_08685 BA6348_08700
BCHSJNE38_23775 JNE38_23790
PPOLX809_04920
PPQPPSQR21_010210
PTAHPL003_12940
PPEOABE82_05045
PKBB4V02_20195
PAIHASL14_06675
ANXACH33_11375
ATHEK3F53_07625
CCHLFPL14_22785 FPL14_22790
SPSYAZE41_09685
SPORSporoP33_08915 SporoP33_08920
SPOPSporoP37_09305 SporoP37_09310
VIJJNUCC6_11570 JNUCC6_12430 JNUCC6_12435
LSJLSJ_2021
LALWBTM29_06335
EHREHR_11665
EGVEGCR1_03245 EGCR1_16875
EAVEH197_04380
ERAFJ9537_18485
MPSMPTP_0243
MPXMPD5_0222
VAOFA707_05420
VCPH9L18_10960
VHYG7082_09820
CBOCBO2474(prdF)
CBACLB_2343(prdF)
CBHCLC_2326
CBYCLM_2770
CBLCLK_1855(prdF)
CBBCLD_2164(prdF)
CBICLJ_B2701(prdF)
CBFCLI_2533
CBMCBF_2523
CBJH04402_02502
CSQCSCA_3970 CSCA_3979
CLDCLSPO_c25700(prdF)
CCKCcar_21430 Ccar_21475
CTYKCTK_C02900(prdF)
CARGRSJ17_05095
CDRKB9W14_03165 B9W14_22320 B9W14_25215 B9W14_25255
CFERD4Z93_00670 D4Z93_07390
CCAAKQH81_13615
CMAHC1I91_24420
AMTAmet_0671
AOEClos_0033
GFEGferi_10105
CALEFDN13_14115
CPRFK7H06_11760
PBIFKXZ80_01780
VCOPMM50RIKEN_24340
CCOMI6K69_12515
CSCIHDCHBGLK_00545
DLOK5I24_06940
SINTK5I26_00395 K5I26_08215
CDFCD630_32370(prdF)
PDCCDIF630_03533(prdF)
CDCCD196_3051(prdF)
CDLCDR20291_3097(prdF)
PDFCD630DERM_32370(prdF)
CSTCLOST_2228(prdF)
PSORRSJ16_02015
PHXKGNDJEFE_00584
TEMJW646_05510
TEBT8CH_2590 T8CH_2599
DAIDesaci_1177
FWADCMF_02120 DCMF_15120 DCMF_25715
ELMELI_0038
EMTCPZ25_007495
MDVC5Q96_04765
AMIJEQM06_08585
ETMCE91St48_00500 CE91St48_00740 CE91St48_06010 CE91St48_06110 CE91St48_06190 CE91St48_22520(prdF) CE91St48_40620
TPZTph_c20320
CCHAELD05_12215
TOCToce_1677
AFTBBF96_15395
KMEH0A61_02008
PIVNCTC13079_00357
KPARJL105_02475
SEDZJYG23_00390
MEDMELS_0424
CIUG4D55_09460
FITFi14EGH31_28920(prdF)
ERBA4V01_11065
SAPISAPIS_v1c05050
SALXSALLE_v1c02020(prdF)
SCHISCHIN_v1c02030(prdF)
MDXBTO20_28805
MLLB1R94_25385
CAQUCAQU_10630
NBRO3I_014385
NTPCRH09_10735
NOZDMB37_12045
NAHF5544_03950
NIEKV110_32125
RHARHA1_ro04566 RHA1_ro05288
ROAPd630_LPD01018 Pd630_LPD01817
RHWBFN03_15335
RKOJWS14_19050 JWS14_24770 JWS14_38350
GPOGPOL_c08330
GAMGII34_11180 GII34_11225
SCOSCO6293(SCBAC8D1.06)
SMASAVERM_1730
SGRSGR_1624 SGR_1625
SGBWQO_27360
SCBSCAB_12611 SCAB_89281(prdF)
SVLStrvi_0376
SHYSHJG_7739
SHOSHJGH_7501
SRCM271_24560
SMALSMALA_7995
SSOII1A49_43695 I1A49_46515
SCTSCAT_p1450
SCYSCATT_p02780
SBHSBI_03149
SVESVEN_7133 SVEN_7144
SDVBN159_1761
SALSSLNWT_5167
SFISFUL_5850
SCIB446_31210
SALUDC74_7897
SALLSAZ_40760
SLVSLIV_06680
SGUSGLAU_01415
SVTSVTN_02155 SVTN_28835
STREGZL_01778
SLDT261_7580
SLCSL103_15105
SXISXIM_47630
STRMM444_26310 M444_26315
STRCAA958_27440
SAMBSAM23877_6335
SPRISPRI_1200
SCZABE83_06885
SCXAS200_09810
SRWTUE45_00014
STRFASR50_30065
SLEsle_61160(sle_61160)
SRNA4G23_00172
SPAVSpa2297_27780
SGSAVL59_15655
STSIA4E84_34310
SALWCP975_30635
SGMGCM10017557_14100
SCADDN051_15045
SLSSLINC_7100
SNRSNOUR_06175 SNOUR_36775
SPLULK06_002140
STRDNI25_07950
SNWBBN63_04210
SSIAA7J05_05840
SVUB1H20_27900 B1H20_27905
SPUNBFF78_05920
SGVB1H19_33565
SLAUSLA_0202
SALFSMD44_00583
SALJSMD11_0546
SLXSLAV_10125 SLAV_10130
STROSTRMOE7_04640
SFKKY5_6953c
SNZDC008_29255
SGEDWG14_01917
SRJSRO_0311
SLKSLUN_30385
SGDELQ87_35655
SCYAEJ357_40025
SASTCD934_03705
STIRDDW44_24195
SKACP970_05330
SGZC0216_08485 C0216_08490
SVNCP980_07855 CP980_07860
SHAWCEB94_35180
SRKFGW37_02015
SFICEIZ62_06880
SGALCP966_30300
SVRCP971_26580 CP971_26590
SFYGFH48_08645
SAQUEJC51_35730
SGFHEP81_00307
SCAVCVT27_26925
SRIMCP984_24695
SSUBCP968_08480
SPHVF9278_40985 F9278_41825 F9278_41830
SCINCP977_26230
SFUGCNQ36_31440
SPACB1H29_05850
SCHACP983_06990
SGXH4W23_02855 H4W23_29980
SCOECP976_36665
SSPBCP982_05175 CP982_05585
SNFJYK04_06366 JYK04_06367
SPLACP981_36890
SBROGQF42_38150
STUIGCM10017668_60270
SATAC5746_33125 C5746_39110
SCHFIPT68_28435
SHUNDWB77_01866
SCYGS1361_33730
SFEUIM697_19200 IM697_23270 IM697_23285 IM697_29115 IM697_44240
SDWK7C20_03165 K7C20_36880
SCALI6J39_27765 I6J39_27770
SAUHSU9_002385 SU9_033575
SFBCP974_00950
SMOBJ7W19_28025
SPEUCGZ69_22925
SROIIAG44_06940
SXNIAG42_07430
SHKJ2N69_32140
SANUK7396_32255
STRYEQG64_28100
SDDD9753_04535
SACTDMT42_11370
KSKKSE_66800 KSE_66820
KABB7C62_29375
KAUB6264_21140 B6264_21150
KITCFP65_1299 CFP65_1301
CMICMM_0811
CMSCMS0068
CMCCMN_00767
CMHVO01_12320
CCAPAES38_03595
CZHH9X71_03670
MPALBO218_12255
MFOLDXT68_01225
MCHNHCR76_14870 HCR76_14955
MICSC1N74_14800
MVDAWU67_00745
AGYATC03_15650
AARCG127AT_04825 G127AT_09420
PLAPEAO79_09090
LEBG7066_05140
LDNH9L06_09350
LVIG7068_14565 G7068_14605
LLUTK1X41_04760
MANTBHD05_04385 BHD05_04440
HEAHL652_16865
PSEVUSB125703_00472
ARRARUE_232p01320 ARUE_232p01430
ARMART_2603 ART_2606 ART_2623
ARLAFL94_15070
AREAL755_00475 AL755_00495
AAQAOC05_16055 AOC05_16085
ARWMB46_15675
ARYATC04_02875
ARQBWQ92_09665 BWQ92_09685
ARIUM93_13755
GPRJQN66_15130
RSARSal33209_1818
CIGE7744_15085
BFABfae_31580
LMOIVV02_11045
ICAIntca_3174 Intca_3180
ORNDV701_02250 DV701_02255
BLYA2T55_00265 A2T55_04100 A2T55_15705
BLINBLSMQ_0763 BLSMQ_3422
BRIFDF13_02620
BCAUI6G59_03385 I6G59_05970
PBOPACID_24420
AACIASQ49_09800
MPHMLP_02230 MLP_24110 MLP_24140 MLP_24400
MIKFOE78_04135
MICGGJV80_14655
KFLKfla_6554
KQIF1D05_17495
NGVCDO52_01675
SAIUJ4H86_06830
SROSros_3503 Sros_5997 Sros_6004
NOABKM31_05575 BKM31_05580
NOWGBF35_32945 GBF35_32950
NCXNocox_26840 Nocox_26845
NGNLCN96_36025 LCN96_36030
GOBGobs_2317
SENSACE_3252
SACGFDZ84_28410
SACCEYD13_06390
AMDAMED_3236
AMNRAM_16455
AMMAMES_3202
AMZB737_3202
AOIAORI_3621
AJAAJAP_18840 AJAP_21030
AMYBBKN51_10540
AABA4R43_07095
AMYYYIM_20765
AORISD37_18550
AACDLWP59_15415
PSEQAD006_29875
PECQAD017_31375
PHHAFB00_09930
APRECNX65_23510
AMIAmir_4722
KALKALB_227
KPHYAOZ06_09410
LEDBBK82_29145
AHMTL08_14750
ACTIUA75_17525
ACADUA74_16985
AHGAHOG_14915
ALOCRK56018
MILML5_4376
MTUACSH63_05580
MCRAID554_29815
AMSAMIS_44010
PLABC6361_08625
PLATC6W10_05195
PSUUPsuf_015450
VERHUT12_15295
ATLAthai_36430 Athai_39560
ASERAsera_34850 Asera_38340
PRYPrubr_70640
NHYJQS43_00400
CAICaci_5915
SNASnas_4111
NAVJQS30_15620
AHWNCTC11636_01604
BTPD805_1398
BSUEBS3272_00535
PLAKA1s21155_03810
PSUFA1sIA56_03715
PVSA1sIA79_03625
ABAMB1s21122_04260
NHIB1s21160_04140
RXYRxyl_2251 Rxyl_2259
GPAGPA_01450
ERZER308_15515
EUZDVS28_a0191 DVS28_a2762
RRSRoseRS_0642
RCARcas_0234
CAUCaur_2964
CHLChy400_3209
TROtrd_A0162
STISthe_3504
PBFCFX0092_A3008
KBSEPA93_43775
THUGKNN16_07695
TRATrad_0841
SUSAcid_6579
SCORJ3U87_03050
TAITaci_0460
TLITlie_1583
AMOAnamo_1950
SBRSY1_19420
CPORBED41_12175 BED41_12365 BED41_14825 BED41_14845
GBAJ421_4882
RSIRunsl_3807
RUNDR864_06720
FJGBB050_03131
FBCFB2170_06850
TDIAUW17_01945
TENLPB136_08430
TMPF9Y86_10270
FBUUJ101_02221
FLUCHH17_11010
SHYRLA303_10990
DDFDEFDS_1631
TSITSIB_0630 TSIB_0633
TLTOCC_00372 OCC_00387
THSTES1_1056
THVADU37_CDS13580
HMArrnAC2470(prr)
HHIHAH_2901
HHNHISP_14745
HABSG26_06875
HTABVU17_14105
HSINKDQ40_14955
HVOHVO_A0163(prr)
HGIABY42_18240
HSALJMJ58_06670
HLRHALLA_17765
HLCCHINAEXTREME08185
NAGAArcMg_4042 AArcMg_4191
NANAArc1_5028 AArc1_5131
NASGCU68_19830
FACFACI_IFERC01G0786
FAIFAD_1679
KCRKcr_0803
 » show all
Reference
1  [PMID:13475375]
  Authors
STADTMAN TC, ELLIOTT P.
  Title
Studies on the enzymic reduction of amino acids. II. Purification and properties of D-proline reductase and a proline racemase from Clostridium sticklandii.
  Journal
J Biol Chem 228:983-97 (1957)
Other DBs
ExplorEnz - The Enzyme Database: 5.1.1.4
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature: 5.1.1.4
ExPASy - ENZYME nomenclature database: 5.1.1.4
BRENDA, the Enzyme Database: 5.1.1.4
CAS: 9024-09-3
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