The enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of spermidine from agmatine in some archaea and bacteria. The enzyme from the Gram-negative bacterium Thermus thermophilus accepts agmatine, spermidine and norspermidine with similar catalytic efficiency. The enzymes from the archaea Pyrococcus furiosus and Thermococcus kodakarensis prefer agmatine, but can utilize cadaverine, putrescine and propane-1,3-diamine with much lower catalytic efficiency. cf. EC 18.104.22.168, spermidine synthase, and EC 22.214.171.124, sym-norspermidine synthase.
Cacciapuoti G, Porcelli M, Moretti MA, Sorrentino F, Concilio L, Zappia V, Liu ZJ, Tempel W, Schubot F, Rose JP, Wang BC, Brereton PS, Jenney FE, Adams MW.
The first agmatine/cadaverine aminopropyl transferase: biochemical and structural characterization of an enzyme involved in polyamine biosynthesis in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus.