KEGG   DRUG: PhenobarbitalHelp
Entry
D00506                      Drug                                   

Name
Phenobarbital (JP17/USP/INN);
Luminal (TN)
Formula
C12H12N2O3
Exact mass
232.0848
Mol weight
232.2353
Structure
Mol fileKCF fileDB search
Simcomp SIMCOMP
Class
Neuropsychiatric agent
 DG01567  GABA-A receptor agonist
 DG01904  Barbiturate antiepileptics
Enzyme inducer
 DG01637  CYP1A2 inducer
 DG02891  CYP2B6 inducer
 DG02886  CYP2C9 inducer
 DG02853  CYP3A inducer
Transporter inducer
 DG01893  P-glycoprotein inducer
Remark
Same as: C07434
Therapeutic category: 1125 1134
ATC code: N03AA02
Chemical structure group: DG00845
Product (DG00845): D00506<JP> D00701<JP>
Product (mixture): D04307<JP> D04059<JP> D07583<JP>
Efficacy
Antianxiety, Anticonvulsant, Sedative-hypnotic
Comment
Barbiturates
Target
  Pathway
hsa04080  Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction
hsa04727  GABAergic synapse
Interaction
CYP induction: CYP3A [HSA:1576 1577 1551]; CYP1A2 [HSA:1544], CYP2B6 [HSA:1555], CYP2C9 [HSA:1559]
Drug interaction
Structure map
map07032  Hypnotics
map07033  Anticonvulsants
map07230  GABA-A receptor agonists/antagonists
Brite
Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification [BR:br08303]
 N NERVOUS SYSTEM
  N03 ANTIEPILEPTICS
   N03A ANTIEPILEPTICS
    N03AA Barbiturates and derivatives
     N03AA02 Phenobarbital
      D00506  Phenobarbital (JP17/USP/INN) <JP>
Therapeutic category of drugs in Japan [BR:br08301]
 1  Agents affecting nervous system and sensory organs
  11  Agents affecting central nervous system
   112  Hypnotics and sedatives, anxiolytics
    1125  Barbiturates and thiobarbiturates
     D00506  Phenobarbital (JP17/USP/INN)
   113  Antiepileptics
    1134  Barbiturates
     D00506  Phenobarbital (JP17/USP/INN)
Target-based classification of drugs [BR:br08310]
 Ion channels
  Ligand-gated ion channels
   GABA (ionotropic)
    GABR
     D00506  Phenobarbital (JP17/USP/INN) <JP>
Drugs listed in the Japanese Pharmacopoeia [BR:br08311]
 Chemicals
  D00506  Phenobarbital
  D00506  10% Phenobarbital powder
Drug classes of therapeutic agents [br08360.html]
 Neurological agents
  D00506
Prodrugs [br08324.html]
 D00506
BRITE hierarchy
Other DBs
CAS: 50-06-6
PubChem: 7847572
ChEBI: 8069
ChEMBL: CHEMBL40
DrugBank: DB01174
LigandBox: D00506
NIKKAJI: J4.499G
LinkDB All DBs
KCF data Show

ATOM        17
            1   C1z C    24.5688  -19.5768
            2   C8y C    25.7739  -18.8690
            3   C5x C    23.3288  -18.8924
            4   C5x C    24.5688  -20.9807
            5   C1b C    25.7679  -20.2728
            6   C8x C    26.9847  -19.5534
            7   C8x C    25.7562  -17.4653
            8   N1x N    22.1238  -19.5768
            9   O5x O    23.3288  -17.4770
            10  N1x N    23.3288  -21.6826
            11  O5x O    25.7621  -21.6826
            12  C1a C    27.1718  -20.2728
            13  C8x C    28.1895  -18.8457
            14  C8x C    26.9612  -16.7574
            15  C5x C    22.1238  -20.9807
            16  C8x C    28.1778  -17.4476
            17  O5x O    20.9130  -21.6766
BOND        18
            1     1   2 1
            2     1   3 1
            3     1   4 1
            4     1   5 1
            5     2   6 2
            6     2   7 1
            7     3   8 1
            8     3   9 2
            9     4  10 1
            10    4  11 2
            11    5  12 1
            12    6  13 1
            13    7  14 2
            14    8  15 1
            15   13  16 2
            16   15  17 2
            17   10  15 1
            18   14  16 1

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