KEGG   PATHWAY: rn00062
Entry
rn00062                     Pathway                                
Name
Fatty acid elongation
Class
Metabolism; Lipid metabolism
Pathway map
rn00062  Fatty acid elongation
rn00062

Module
M00085  Fatty acid elongation in mitochondria [PATH:rn00062]
M00415  Fatty acid elongation in endoplasmic reticulum [PATH:rn00062]
Other DBs
GO: 0030497
Reaction
R00385  acyl-CoA:NADP+ 2-oxidoreductase
R00391  Acyl-CoA:acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase
R01177  butanoyl-CoA:acetyl-CoA C-butanoyltransferase
R01274  palmitoyl-CoA hydrolase
R01278  hexadecanoyl-CoA:NADP+ trans-2-oxidoreductase
R01778  (3S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA:NAD+ oxidoreductase
R02685  (3S)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA hydro-lyase
R03776  trans-Oct-2-enoyl-CoA reductase
R03778  Octanoyl-CoA:acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase
R03856  trans-Dodec-2-enoyl-CoA reductase
R03858  Lauroyl-CoA:acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase
R03989  trans-Tetradec-2-enoyl-CoA reductase
R03991  myristoyl-CoA:acetylCoA C-myristoyltransferase
R04170  (S)-3-Hydroxydodecanoyl-CoA hydro-lyase
R04737  (S)-3-Hydroxyhexadecanoyl-CoA:NAD+ oxidoreductase
R04738  (S)-3-Hydroxyhexadecanoyl-CoA hydro-lyase
R04739  (S)-3-Hydroxytetradecanoyl-CoA:NAD+ oxidoreductase
R04740  (S)-3-Hydroxytetradecanoyl-CoA hydro-lyase
R04741  (S)-3-hydroxydodecanoyl-CoA:NAD+ oxidoreductase
R04742  Decanoyl-CoA:acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase
R04743  (S)-hydroxydecanoyl-CoA:NAD+ oxidoreductase
R04744  (S)-Hydroxydecanoyl-CoA hydro-lyase
R04745  (S)-hydroxyoctanoyl-CoA:NAD+ oxidoreductase
R04746  (S)-Hydroxyoctanoyl-CoA hydro-lyase
R04747  Hexanoyl-CoA:acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase
R04748  (S)-hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA:NAD+ oxidoreductase
R04749  (S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA hydro-lyase
R04753  trans-Dec-2-enoyl-CoA reductase
R06985  trans-Hex-2-enoyl-CoA reductase
R07162  acyl-CoA:NADP+ trans-2-oxidoreductase
R09450  long-chain fatty-acyl-CoA hydrolase
R10825  very-long-chain acyl-CoA:malonyl-CoA C-acyltransferase (decarboxylating)
R10826  very-long-chain-(3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA:NADP+ oxidoreductase
R10827  very-long-chain (3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA hydro-lyase
R10828  very-long-chain acyl-CoA:NADP+ oxidoreductase
Compound
C00024  Acetyl-CoA
C00040  Acyl-CoA
C00083  Malonyl-CoA
C00136  Butanoyl-CoA
C00154  Palmitoyl-CoA
C00162  Fatty acid
C00249  Hexadecanoic acid
C00264  3-Oxoacyl-CoA
C00605  2,3-Dehydroacyl-CoA
C00638  Long-chain fatty acid
C00640  (3S)-3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA
C00658  trans-2,3-Dehydroacyl-CoA
C01832  Lauroyl-CoA
C01944  Octanoyl-CoA
C02593  Tetradecanoyl-CoA
C02843  Long-chain acyl-CoA
C03221  2-trans-Dodecenoyl-CoA
C05258  (S)-3-Hydroxyhexadecanoyl-CoA
C05259  3-Oxopalmitoyl-CoA
C05260  (S)-3-Hydroxytetradecanoyl-CoA
C05261  3-Oxotetradecanoyl-CoA
C05262  (S)-3-Hydroxydodecanoyl-CoA
C05263  3-Oxododecanoyl-CoA
C05264  (S)-Hydroxydecanoyl-CoA
C05265  3-Oxodecanoyl-CoA
C05266  (S)-3-Hydroxyoctanoyl-CoA
C05267  3-Oxooctanoyl-CoA
C05268  (S)-Hydroxyhexanoyl-CoA
C05269  3-Oxohexanoyl-CoA
C05270  Hexanoyl-CoA
C05271  trans-Hex-2-enoyl-CoA
C05272  trans-Hexadec-2-enoyl-CoA
C05273  trans-Tetradec-2-enoyl-CoA
C05274  Decanoyl-CoA
C05275  trans-Dec-2-enoyl-CoA
C05276  trans-Oct-2-enoyl-CoA
C20876  Very-long-chain acyl-CoA
C20877  Very-long-chain 3-oxoacyl-CoA
C20878  Very-long-chain (3R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA
C20879  Very-long-chain trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA
Reference
PMID:4387390
  Authors
Seubert W, Lamberts I, Kramer R, Ohly B
  Title
On the mechanism of malonyl-CoA-independent fatty acid synthesis. I. The mechanism of elongation of long-chain fatty acids by acetyl-CoA.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 164:498-517 (1968)
DOI:10.1016/0005-2760(68)90180-X
Reference
PMID:7150615
  Authors
El-Fakhri M, Middleton B
  Title
The existence of an inner-membrane-bound, long acyl-chain-specific 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase in mammalian mitochondria.
  Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta 713:270-9 (1982)
DOI:10.1016/0005-2760(82)90244-2
Reference
PMID:8190743
  Authors
Cassagne C, Lessire R, Bessoule JJ, Moreau P, Creach A, Schneider F, Sturbois B
  Title
Biosynthesis of very long chain fatty acids in higher plants.
  Journal
Prog Lipid Res 33:55-69 (1994)
DOI:10.1016/0163-7827(94)90009-4
Reference
  Authors
Jakobsson A, Westerberg R, Jacobsson A.
  Title
Fatty acid elongases in mammals: their regulation and roles in metabolism.
  Journal
Prog Lipid Res 45:237-49 (2006)
DOI:10.1016/j.plipres.2006.01.004
Reference
  Authors
Blacklock BJ, Jaworski JG
  Title
Substrate specificity of Arabidopsis 3-ketoacyl-CoA synthases.
  Journal
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 346:583-90 (2006)
DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.05.162
Reference
  Authors
Shepherd T, Wynne Griffiths D
  Title
The effects of stress on plant cuticular waxes.
  Journal
New Phytol 171:469-99 (2006)
DOI:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2006.01826.x
Reference
  Authors
Riezman H
  Title
The long and short of fatty acid synthesis.
  Journal
Cell 130:587-8 (2007)
DOI:10.1016/j.cell.2007.08.008
Reference
  Authors
Raffaele S, Leger A, Roby D
  Title
Very long chain fatty acid and lipid signaling in the response of plants to pathogens.
  Journal
Plant Signal Behav 4:94-9 (2009)
DOI:10.4161/psb.4.2.7580
Related
pathway
rn00071  Fatty acid degradation
rn00073  Cutin, suberine and wax biosynthesis
KO pathway
ko00062   
LinkDB

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