KEGG   Homo sapiens (human)

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Genome information

T numberT01001
Org codehsa
AliasesHUMAN, 9606
Full nameHomo sapiens (human)
DefinitionHomo sapiens (human)
CategoryReference genome
Annotationyes
TaxonomyTAX: 9606
    LineageEukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo
Data sourceRefSeq (Assembly: GCF_000001405.39)
BioProject: 168
Original DBNCBI, OMIM, HGNC, HPRD, Ensembl, Vega, Pharos
StatisticsNumber of protein genes: 19778
Number of RNA genes: 2641
Created2000
ReferencePMID: 11237011
    AuthorsLander ES, Linton LM, Birren B, Nusbaum C, Zody MC, Baldwin J, Devon K, Dewar K, Doyle M, FitzHugh W, et al.
    TitleInitial sequencing and analysis of the human genome.
    JournalNature 409:860-921 (2001)
DOI: 10.1038/35057062
ReferencePMID: 11181995
    AuthorsVenter JC, Adams MD, Myers EW, Li PW, Mural RJ, Sutton GG, Smith HO, Yandell M, Evans CA, Holt RA, et al.
    TitleThe sequence of the human genome.
    JournalScience 291:1304-51 (2001)
DOI: 10.1126/science.1058040
ReferencePMID: 15496913
    AuthorsInternational Human Genome Sequencing Consortium.
    TitleFinishing the euchromatic sequence of the human genome.
    JournalNature 431:931-45 (2004)
DOI: 10.1038/nature03001
ReferencePMID: 16710414 (chromosome 1)
    AuthorsGregory SG, Barlow KF, McLay KE, Kaul R, Swarbreck D, Dunham A, Scott CE, Howe KL, Woodfine K, Spencer CC, et al.
    TitleThe DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1.
    JournalNature 441:315-321 (2006)
DOI: 10.1038/nature04727
ReferencePMID: 15815621 (chromosomes 2 and 4)
    AuthorsHillier LW, Graves TA, Fulton RS, Fulton LA, Pepin KH, Minx P, Wagner-McPherson C, Layman D, Wylie K, Sekhon M, et al.
    TitleGeneration and annotation of the DNA sequences of human chromosomes 2 and 4.
    JournalNature 434:724-31 (2005)
DOI: 10.1038/nature03466
ReferencePMID: 16641997 (chromosome 3)
    AuthorsMuzny DM, Scherer SE, Kaul R, Wang J, Yu J, Sudbrak R, Buhay CJ, Chen R, Cree A, Ding Y, et al.
    TitleThe DNA sequence, annotation and analysis of human chromosome 3.
    JournalNature 440:1194-8 (2006)
DOI: 10.1038/nature04728
ReferencePMID: 15372022 (chromosome 5)
    AuthorsSchmutz J, Martin J, Terry A, Couronne O, Grimwood J, Lowry S, Gordon LA, Scott D, Xie G, Huang W, et al.
    TitleThe DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 5.
    JournalNature 431:268-74 (2004)
DOI: 10.1038/nature02919
ReferencePMID: 14574404 (chromosome 6)
    AuthorsMungall AJ, Palmer SA, Sims SK, Edwards CA, Ashurst JL, Wilming L, Jones MC, Horton R, Hunt SE, Scott CE, et al.
    TitleThe DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 6.
    JournalNature 425:805-11 (2003)
DOI: 10.1038/nature02055
ReferencePMID: 12690205 (chromosome 7)
    AuthorsScherer SW, Cheung J, MacDonald JR, Osborne LR, Nakabayashi K, Herbrick JA, Carson AR, Parker-Katiraee L, Skaug J, Khaja R, et al.
    TitleHuman chromosome 7: DNA sequence and biology.
    JournalScience 300:767-72 (2003)
DOI: 10.1126/science.1083423
ReferencePMID: 12853948 (chromosome 7)
    AuthorsHillier LW, Fulton RS, Fulton LA, Graves TA, Pepin KH, Wagner-McPherson C, Layman D, Maas J, Jaeger S, Walker R, et al.
    TitleThe DNA sequence of human chromosome 7.
    JournalNature 424:157-64 (2003)
DOI: 10.1038/nature01782
ReferencePMID: 16421571 (chromosome 8)
    AuthorsNusbaum C, Mikkelsen TS, Zody MC, Asakawa S, Taudien S, Garber M, Kodira CD, Schueler MG, Shimizu A, Whittaker CA, et al.
    TitleDNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 8.
    JournalNature 439:331-5 (2006)
DOI: 10.1038/nature04406
ReferencePMID: 15164053 (chromosome 9)
    AuthorsHumphray SJ, Oliver K, Hunt AR, Plumb RW, Loveland JE, Howe KL, Andrews TD, Searle S, Hunt SE, Scott CE, et al.
    TitleDNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 9.
    JournalNature 429:369-74 (2004)
DOI: 10.1038/nature02465
ReferencePMID: 15164054 (chromosome 10)
    AuthorsDeloukas P, Earthrowl ME, Grafham DV, Rubenfield M, French L, Steward CA, Sims SK, Jones MC, Searle S, Scott C, et al.
    TitleThe DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 10.
    JournalNature 429:375-81 (2004)
DOI: 10.1038/nature02462
ReferencePMID: 16554811 (chromosome 11)
    AuthorsTaylor TD, Noguchi H, Totoki Y, Toyoda A, Kuroki Y, Dewar K, Lloyd C, Itoh T, Takeda T, Kim DW, et al.
    TitleHuman chromosome 11 DNA sequence and analysis including novel gene identification.
    JournalNature 440:497-500 (2006)
DOI: 10.1038/nature04632
ReferencePMID: 16541075 (chromosome 12)
    AuthorsScherer SE, Muzny DM, Buhay CJ, Chen R, Cree A, Ding Y, Dugan-Rocha S, Gill R, Gunaratne P, Harris RA, et al.
    TitleThe finished DNA sequence of human chromosome 12.
    JournalNature 440:346-51 (2006)
DOI: 10.1038/nature04569
ReferencePMID: 15057823 (chromosome 13)
    AuthorsDunham A, Matthews LH, Burton J, Ashurst JL, Howe KL, Ashcroft KJ, Beare DM, Burford DC, Hunt SE, Griffiths-Jones S, et al.
    TitleThe DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 13.
    JournalNature 428:522-8 (2004)
DOI: 10.1038/nature02379
ReferencePMID: 12508121 (chromosome 14)
    AuthorsHeilig R, Eckenberg R, Petit JL, Fonknechten N, Da Silva C, Cattolico L, Levy M, Barbe V, De Berardinis V, Ureta-Vidal A, et al.
    TitleThe DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 14.
    JournalNature 421:601-7 (2003)
DOI: 10.1038/nature01348
ReferencePMID: 16572171 (chromosome 15)
    AuthorsZody MC, Garber M, Sharpe T, Young SK, Rowen L, O'Neill K, Whittaker CA, Kamal M, Chang JL, Cuomo CA, et al.
    TitleAnalysis of the DNA sequence and duplication history of human chromosome 15.
    JournalNature 440:671-5 (2006)
DOI: 10.1038/nature04601
ReferencePMID: 15616553 (chromosome 16)
    AuthorsMartin J, Han C, Gordon LA, Terry A, Prabhakar S, She X, Xie G, Hellsten U, Chan YM, Altherr M, et al.
    TitleThe sequence and analysis of duplication-rich human chromosome 16.
    JournalNature 432:988-94 (2004)
DOI: 10.1038/nature03187
ReferencePMID: 16625196 (chromosome 17)
    AuthorsZody MC, Garber M, Adams DJ, Sharpe T, Harrow J, Lupski JR, Nicholson C, Searle SM, Wilming L, Young SK, et al.
    TitleDNA sequence of human chromosome 17 and analysis of rearrangement in the human lineage.
    JournalNature 440:1045-9 (2006)
DOI: 10.1038/nature04689
ReferencePMID: 16177791 (chromosome 18)
    AuthorsNusbaum C, Zody MC, Borowsky ML, Kamal M, Kodira CD, Taylor TD, Whittaker CA, Chang JL, Cuomo CA, Dewar K, et al.
    TitleDNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 18.
    JournalNature 437:551-5 (2005)
DOI: 10.1038/nature03983
ReferencePMID: 15057824 (chromosome 19)
    AuthorsGrimwood J, Gordon LA, Olsen A, Terry A, Schmutz J, Lamerdin J, Hellsten U, Goodstein D, Couronne O, Tran-Gyamfi M, et al.
    TitleThe DNA sequence and biology of human chromosome 19.
    JournalNature 428:529-35 (2004)
DOI: 10.1038/nature02399
ReferencePMID: 11780052 (chromosome 20)
    AuthorsDeloukas P, Matthews LH, Ashurst J, Burton J, Gilbert JG, Jones M, Stavrides G, Almeida JP, Babbage AK, Bagguley CL, et al.
    TitleThe DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20.
    JournalNature 414:865-71 (2001)
DOI: 10.1038/414865a
ReferencePMID: 10830953 (chromosome 21)
    AuthorsHattori M, Fujiyama A, Taylor TD, Watanabe H, Yada T, Park HS, Toyoda A, Ishii K, Totoki Y, Choi DK, et al.
    TitleThe DNA sequence of human chromosome 21.
    JournalNature 405:311-9 (2000)
DOI: 10.1038/35012518
ReferencePMID: 10591208 (chromosome 22)
    AuthorsDunham I, Hunt AR, Collins JE, Bruskiewich R, Beare DM, Clamp M, Smink LJ, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Babbage A, et al.
    TitleThe DNA sequence of human chromosome 22.
    JournalNature 402:489-95 (1999)
DOI: 10.1038/990031
ReferencePMID: 15772651 (chromosome X)
    AuthorsRoss MT, Grafham DV, Coffey AJ, Scherer S, McLay K, Muzny D, Platzer M, Howell GR, Burrows C, Bird CP, et al.
    TitleThe DNA sequence of the human X chromosome.
    JournalNature 434:325-37 (2005)
DOI: 10.1038/nature03440
ReferencePMID: 12815422 (chromosome Y)
    AuthorsSkaletsky H, Kuroda-Kawaguchi T, Minx PJ, Cordum HS, Hillier L, Brown LG, Repping S, Pyntikova T, Ali J, Bieri T, et al.
    TitleThe male-specific region of the human Y chromosome is a mosaic of discrete sequence classes.
    JournalNature 423:825-37 (2003)
DOI: 10.1038/nature01722