Pituitary adenomas are an important and frequently occurring form of intracranial tumor. They are usually benign but can give rise to severe clinical syndromes due to hormonal excess, or to visual/cranial disturbances due to mass effect. The tumor can be clinically nonfunctioning or hormone secreting. Among the latter, prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH)-secreting adenomas are the most common. The majority of pituitary adenomas arise sporadically, although a subset occurs as component tumors of well-characterized familial cancer syndromes, such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1), Carney complex (CNC), and MEN1-like syndrome (MEN4).
Endocrine and metabolic disease
Human diseases [BR:br08402]
Endocrine and metabolic diseases
Hypothalamus and pituitary gland diseases
H01102 Pituitary adenomas
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
Benign neoplasms, except of lymphoid, haematopoietic, central nervous system or related tissues
Benign non-mesenchymal neoplasms
2F37 Benign neoplasm of endocrine glands
H01102 Pituitary adenomas
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