Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous congenital erythroid aplasia that develops within the first year of life. Faulty ribosome biogenesis is hypothesized to be the underlying defect, leading to erythroid failure due to accelerated apoptosis in affected erythroid progenitors/precursors.
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
03 Diseases of the blood or blood-forming organs
Anaemias or other erythrocyte disorders
Pure red cell aplasia
3A60 Congenital pure red cell aplasia
H00237 Diamond-Blackfan anemia
Doherty L, Sheen MR, Vlachos A, Choesmel V, O'Donohue MF, Clinton C, Schneider HE, Sieff CA, Newburger PE, Ball SE, Niewiadomska E, Matysiak M, Glader B, Arceci RJ, Farrar JE, Atsidaftos E, Lipton JM, Gleizes PE, Gazda HT
Ribosomal protein genes RPS10 and RPS26 are commonly mutated in Diamond-Blackfan anemia.
Ikeda F, Yoshida K, Toki T, Uechi T, Ishida S, Nakajima Y, Sasahara Y, Okuno Y, Kanezaki R, Terui K, Kamio T, Kobayashi A, Fujita T, Sato-Otsubo A, Shiraishi Y, Tanaka H, Chiba K, Muramatsu H, Kanno H, Ohga S, Ohara A, Kojima S, Kenmochi N, Miyano S, Ogawa S, Ito E
Exome sequencing identified RPS15A as a novel causative gene for Diamond-Blackfan anemia.