Nephroblastoma, also called Wilms tumor (WT), is the most common renal tumor of childhood. It can present as a single nodule, as multifocal unilateral lesions or as bilateral tumours. Typically, nephroblastoma comprises three histological components namely blastemal, epithelial and stromal. WT1, a zinc-finger transcription factor, was identified as the first nephroblastoma gene. Several other genes including CTNNB1, WTX, and TP53 have also been implicated in various stages of tumorigenesis of nephroblastoma.
Human diseases [BR:br08402]
Cancers of the urinary system
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
Malignant neoplasms, except primary neoplasms of lymphoid, haematopoietic, central nervous system or related tissues
Malignant neoplasms, stated or presumed to be primary, of specified sites, except of lymphoid, haematopoietic, central nervous system or related tissues
Malignant neoplasms of urinary tract
2C90 Malignant neoplasms of kidney, except renal pelvis
Mahamdallie SS, Hanks S, Karlin KL, Zachariou A, Perdeaux ER, Ruark E, Shaw CA, Renwick A, Ramsay E, Yost S, Elliott A, Birch J, Capra M, Gray J, Hale J, Kingston J, Levitt G, McLean T, Sheridan E, Renwick A, Seal S, Stiller C, Sebire N, Westbrook TF, Rahman N
Mutations in the transcriptional repressor REST predispose to Wilms tumor.