Narcolepsy is a disabling sleep disorder characterized by irresistible excessive daytime sleepiness and cataplexy, a condition triggered by strong emotions leading to a sudden loss of muscle tone. Narcolepsy is a rare and mainly sporadic disorder. Familial narcolepsy accounts for less than 10% of all narcolepsy cases, and causative mutations have not been identified to date. The discovery of hypocretin-1 (HCRT) deficiency shed light on the underlying pathophysiology of the disease. The hypocretin neurotransmission system was shown to play a major role in controlling vigilance states. Because of the strong HLA association, hypocretin deficiency is believed to be caused by an autoimmune attack. It has also been reported that a missense mutation in myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) is the cause of narcolepsy.
Nervous system disease
Human diseases [BR:br08402]
Nervous system diseases
Other nervous and sensory system diseases
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
07 Sleep-wake disorders
Peyron C, Faraco J, Rogers W, Ripley B, Overeem S, Charnay Y, Nevsimalova S, Aldrich M, Reynolds D, Albin R, Li R, Hungs M, Pedrazzoli M, Padigaru M, Kucherlapati M, Fan J, Maki R, Lammers GJ, Bouras C, Kucherlapati R, Nishino S, Mignot E
A mutation in a case of early onset narcolepsy and a generalized absence of hypocretin peptides in human narcoleptic brains.