KEGG   PATHWAY: sbq03320
sbq03320                    Pathway                                

PPAR signaling pathway - Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis (Bolivian squirrel monkey)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear hormone receptors that are activated by fatty acids and their derivatives. PPAR has three subtypes (PPARalpha, beta/delta, and gamma) showing different expression patterns in vertebrates. Each of them is encoded in a separate gene and binds fatty acids and eicosanoids. PPARalpha plays a role in the clearance of circulating or cellular lipids via the regulation of gene expression involved in lipid metabolism in liver and skeletal muscle. PPARbeta/delta is involved in lipid oxidation and cell proliferation. PPARgamma promotes adipocyte differentiation to enhance blood glucose uptake.
Organismal Systems; Endocrine system
Pathway map
sbq03320  PPAR signaling pathway

Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis (Bolivian squirrel monkey) [GN:sbq]
101043591  CD36; platelet glycoprotein 4 [KO:K06259]
101037455  SLC27A4; long-chain fatty acid transport protein 4 [KO:K08745] [EC:6.2.1.-]
101032922  SLC27A1; long-chain fatty acid transport protein 1 isoform X1 [KO:K08745] [EC:6.2.1.-]
101036410  SLC27A2; very long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase [KO:K08746] [EC:6.2.1.-]
101033269  SLC27A5; bile acyl-CoA synthetase isoform X1 [KO:K08748] [EC:]
101048142  SLC27A6; long-chain fatty acid transport protein 6 [KO:K08749]
101042765  FABP1; fatty acid-binding protein, liver [KO:K08750]
101045794  FABP2; fatty acid-binding protein, intestinal [KO:K08751]
101051224  FABP3; fatty acid-binding protein, heart [KO:K08752]
101042952  FABP4; fatty acid-binding protein, adipocyte [KO:K08753]
101043609  FABP5; fatty acid-binding protein, epidermal [KO:K08754]
101047918  FABP6; gastrotropin [KO:K08755]
101031838  FABP7; fatty acid-binding protein, brain [KO:K08756]
101032215  PPARA; peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha [KO:K07294]
101044148  RXRA; retinoic acid receptor RXR-alpha [KO:K08524]
101040304  RXRB; retinoic acid receptor RXR-beta isoform X1 [KO:K08525]
101040247  RXRG; retinoic acid receptor RXR-gamma isoform X1 [KO:K08526]
101031846  PPARD; peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta [KO:K04504]
101028278  PPARG; peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma [KO:K08530]
101050199  HMGCS1; hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase, cytoplasmic [KO:K01641] [EC:]
101043858  HMGCS2; hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase, mitochondrial [KO:K01641] [EC:]
101038607  APOA1; apolipoprotein A-I [KO:K08757]
101051228  APOA2; apolipoprotein A-II [KO:K08758]
101039658  APOC3; apolipoprotein C-III [KO:K08759]
101040202  APOA5; apolipoprotein A-V [KO:K09025]
101032882  PLTP; phospholipid transfer protein [KO:K08761]
101038368  ME3; NADP-dependent malic enzyme, mitochondrial isoform X4 [KO:K00029] [EC:]
101039119  ME1; NADP-dependent malic enzyme [KO:K00029] [EC:]
101051429  FADS2; fatty acid desaturase 2 [KO:K10226] [EC:]
101042428  SCD; acyl-CoA desaturase [KO:K00507] [EC:]
101037223  SCD5; stearoyl-CoA desaturase 5 [KO:K00507] [EC:]
101042921  cholesterol 7-alpha-monooxygenase [KO:K00489] [EC:]
101037790  7-alpha-hydroxycholest-4-en-3-one 12-alpha-hydroxylase [KO:K07431] [EC:]
101027381  NR1H3; oxysterols receptor LXR-alpha isoform X1 [KO:K08536]
101029011  sterol 26-hydroxylase, mitochondrial [KO:K00488] [EC:]
101046845  DBI; acyl-CoA-binding protein isoform X3 [KO:K08762]
101053856  diazepam-binding inhibitor-like 5 [KO:K08762]
101050033  LPL; lipoprotein lipase [KO:K01059] [EC:]
101031622  ACSL5; LOW QUALITY PROTEIN: long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase 5 [KO:K01897] [EC:]
101041309  ACSL3; long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase 3 [KO:K01897] [EC:]
101028636  ACSL1; long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase 1 isoform X2 [KO:K01897] [EC:]
101044212  ACSL6; long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase 6 isoform X1 [KO:K01897] [EC:]
101033719  ACSL4; long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase 4 isoform X2 [KO:K01897] [EC:]
101049112  ACSBG2; long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase ACSBG2 [KO:K15013] [EC:]
101049877  ACSBG1; long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase ACSBG1 isoform X1 [KO:K15013] [EC:]
101044203  OLR1; oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor 1 [KO:K08763]
101049266  EHHADH; peroxisomal bifunctional enzyme [KO:K07514] [EC:]
101042627  cytochrome P450 4A11 [KO:K07425] [EC:]
101050377  LOW QUALITY PROTEIN: cytochrome P450 4A11-like [KO:K07425] [EC:]
101052252  ACAA1; 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, peroxisomal [KO:K07513] [EC:]
101036680  SCP2; non-specific lipid-transfer protein [KO:K08764] [EC:]
101036109  ACOX1; peroxisomal acyl-coenzyme A oxidase 1 isoform X1 [KO:K00232] [EC:]
101029701  ACOX3; peroxisomal acyl-coenzyme A oxidase 3 [KO:K00232] [EC:]
101051802  ACOX2; peroxisomal acyl-coenzyme A oxidase 2 [KO:K10214] [EC:]
101044692  CPT1A; carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 1, liver isoform [KO:K08765] [EC:]
101045068  CPT1B; carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 1, muscle isoform isoform X1 [KO:K19523] [EC:]
101043828  CPT1C; carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 1, brain isoform [KO:K19524] [EC:]
101033529  CPT2; carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 2, mitochondrial [KO:K08766] [EC:]
101034499  ACADL; LOW QUALITY PROTEIN: long-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial [KO:K00255] [EC:]
101048274  ACADM; medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial [KO:K00249] [EC:]
101049427  ANGPTL4; angiopoietin-related protein 4 [KO:K08767]
101038807  SORBS1; sorbin and SH3 domain-containing protein 1 isoform X1 [KO:K06086]
101039003  PLIN1; perilipin-1 [KO:K08768]
101039699  PLIN2; perilipin-2 [KO:K17284]
101039532  PLIN4; perilipin-4 [KO:K20254]
101039862  PLIN5; LOW QUALITY PROTEIN: perilipin-5 [KO:K20255]
101031769  ADIPOQ; adiponectin [KO:K07296]
101051246  MMP1; interstitial collagenase [KO:K01388] [EC:]
101044613  UCP1; mitochondrial brown fat uncoupling protein 1 [KO:K08769]
101029493  ILK; integrin-linked protein kinase isoform X1 [KO:K06272] [EC:]
101032521  PDPK1; 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1 [KO:K06276] [EC:]
101027719  PCK2; phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase [GTP], mitochondrial [KO:K01596] [EC:]
101035593  PCK1; phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, cytosolic [GTP] isoform X2 [KO:K01596] [EC:]
101030588  GK; glycerol kinase isoform X2 [KO:K00864] [EC:]
101030586  GK2; glycerol kinase 2 [KO:K00864] [EC:]
101049021  AQP7; aquaporin-7 isoform X1 [KO:K08771]
C02165  Leukotriene B4
C14762  13(S)-HODE
C14767  9(S)-HODE
C14776  8(S)-HETE
C15493  9-cis-Retinoic acid
Takahashi N, Goto T, Kusudo T, Moriyama T, Kawada T.
[The structures and functions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs)]
Nippon Rinsho 63:557-64 (2005)
Fujii H.
[PPARs-mediated intracellular signal transduction]
Nippon Rinsho 63:565-71 (2005)
Takada I, Kato S.
[PPARs target genes]
Nippon Rinsho 63:573-7 (2005)
Inoue H.
[Endogenous ligands for PPARs]
Nippon Rinsho 63:578-83 (2005)
Feige JN, Gelman L, Michalik L, Desvergne B, Wahli W.
From molecular action to physiological outputs: peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors are nuclear receptors at the crossroads of key cellular functions.
Prog Lipid Res 45:120-59 (2006)
Desvergne B, Michalik L, Wahli W.
Transcriptional regulation of metabolism.
Physiol Rev 86:465-514 (2006)
Mandard S, Muller M, Kersten S.
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha target genes.
Cell Mol Life Sci 61:393-416 (2004)
Desvergne B, Wahli W.
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors: nuclear control of metabolism.
Endocr Rev 20:649-88 (1999)
Savage DB.
PPARgamma as a metabolic regulator: insights from genomics and pharmacology.
Expert Rev Mol Med 2005:1-16 (2005)
Semple RK, Chatterjee VK, O'Rahilly S.
PPAR gamma and human metabolic disease.
J Clin Invest 116:581-9 (2006)
Lehrke M, Lazar MA.
The many faces of PPARgamma.
Cell 123:993-9 (2005)
Hauner H.
The mode of action of thiazolidinediones.
Diabetes Metab Res Rev 18 Suppl 2:S10-5 (2002)
sbq00071  Fatty acid degradation
sbq00072  Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
sbq00120  Primary bile acid biosynthesis
sbq00564  Glycerophospholipid metabolism
sbq04920  Adipocytokine signaling pathway
KO pathway

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