Nephrotic syndrome (NPHS) is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by heavy proteinuria (more than 3.5 grams per day), hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia, and edema. Congenital nephrotic syndrome is most frequently related to mutations in genes specific for structural integrity of the glomerular basement membrane and associated filtration structures within the kidney, resulting in massive leakage of plasma proteins into the urine. First line treatment is with oral corticosteroids, but some patients do not respond to this treatment. Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) typically manifests histologically as focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Calcineurin inhibitors with/without intravenous methylprednisolone pulse therapy (MPT) constitute the standard treatment for SRNS. It has been reported that additional rituximab treatment combined with conventional MPT and immunosuppressive agents is a promising option.
Urinary system disease
Human diseases [BR:br08402]
Urinary system diseases
H01657 Nephrotic syndrome
Human diseases in ICD-11 classification [BR:br08403]
16 Diseases of the genitourinary system
Diseases of the urinary system
GB41 Nephrotic syndrome
H01657 Nephrotic syndrome
Bierzynska A, McCarthy HJ, Soderquest K, Sen ES, Colby E, Ding WY, Nabhan MM, Kerecuk L, Hegde S, Hughes D, Marks S, Feather S, Jones C, Webb NJ, Ognjanovic M, Christian M, Gilbert RD, Sinha MD, Lord GM, Simpson M, Koziell AB, Welsh GI, Saleem MA
Genomic and clinical profiling of a national nephrotic syndrome cohort advocates a precision medicine approach to disease management.
Janecke AR, Xu R, Steichen-Gersdorf E, Waldegger S, Entenmann A, Giner T, Krainer I, Huber LA, Hess MW, Frishberg Y, Barash H, Tzur S, Schreyer-Shafir N, Sukenik-Halevy R, Zehavi T, Raas-Rothschild A, Mao C, Muller T
Deficiency of the sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase SGPL1 is associated with congenital nephrotic syndrome and congenital adrenal calcifications.
Rao J, Ashraf S, Tan W, van der Ven AT, Gee HY, Braun DA, Feher K, George SP, Esmaeilniakooshkghazi A, Choi WI, Jobst-Schwan T, Schneider R, Schmidt JM, Widmeier E, Warejko JK, Hermle T, Schapiro D, Lovric S, Shril S, Daga A, Nayir A, Shenoy M, Tse Y, Bald M, Helmchen U, Mir S, Berdeli A, Kari JA, El Desoky S, Soliman NA, Bagga A, Mane S, Jairajpuri MA, Lifton RP, Khurana S, Martins JC, Hildebrandt F
Advillin acts upstream of phospholipase C 1 in steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome.
Majmundar AJ, Buerger F, Forbes TA, Klambt V, Schneider R, Deutsch K, Kitzler TM, Howden SE, Scurr M, Tan KS, Krzeminski M, Widmeier E, Braun DA, Lai E, Ullah I, Amar A, Kolb A, Eddy K, Chen CH, Salmanullah D, Dai R, Nakayama M, Ottlewski I, Kolvenbach CM, Onuchic-Whitford AC, Mao Y, Mann N, Nabhan MM, Rosen S, Forman-Kay JD, Soliman NA, Heilos A, Kain R, Aufricht C, Mane S, Lifton RP, Shril S, Little MH, Hildebrandt F
Recessive NOS1AP variants impair actin remodeling and cause glomerulopathy in humans and mice.
Solanki AK, Widmeier E, Arif E, Sharma S, Daga A, Srivastava P, Kwon SH, Hugo H, Nakayama M, Mann N, Majmundar AJ, Tan W, Gee HY, Sadowski CE, Rinat C, Becker-Cohen R, Bergmann C, Rosen S, Somers M, Shril S, Huber TB, Mane S, Hildebrandt F, Nihalani D
Mutations in KIRREL1, a slit diaphragm component, cause steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome.