KEGG   PATHWAY: ko00520
Entry
ko00520                     Pathway                                
Name
Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
Class
Metabolism; Carbohydrate metabolism
Pathway map
ko00520  Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
ko00520

Module
M00549  Nucleotide sugar biosynthesis, glucose => UDP-glucose [PATH:ko00520]
M00554  Nucleotide sugar biosynthesis, galactose => UDP-galactose [PATH:ko00520]
M00761  Undecaprenylphosphate alpha-L-Ara4N biosynthesis, UDP-GlcA => undecaprenyl phosphate alpha-L-Ara4N [PATH:ko00520]
M00892  UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis, eukaryotes, glucose => UDP-GlcNAc [PATH:ko00520]
M00909  UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis, prokaryotes, glucose => UDP-GlcNAc [PATH:ko00520]
Other DBs
GO: 0006040 0009225
Orthology
K01183  chitinase [EC:3.2.1.14]
K20547  basic endochitinase B [EC:3.2.1.14]
K13381  bifunctional chitinase/lysozyme [EC:3.2.1.14 3.2.1.17]
K01207  beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase [EC:3.2.1.52]
K12373  hexosaminidase [EC:3.2.1.52]
K18675  N,N'-diacetylchitobiose phosphorylase [EC:2.4.1.280]
K01452  chitin deacetylase [EC:3.5.1.41]
K01233  chitosanase [EC:3.2.1.132]
K15855  exo-1,4-beta-D-glucosaminidase [EC:3.2.1.165]
K02777  sugar PTS system EIIA component [EC:2.7.1.-]
K02804  N-acetylglucosamine PTS system EIICBA or EIICB component [EC:2.7.1.193]
K00884  N-acetylglucosamine kinase [EC:2.7.1.59]
K01443  N-acetylglucosamine-6-phosphate deacetylase [EC:3.5.1.25]
K02564  glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminase [EC:3.5.99.6]
K02765  D-glucosamine PTS system EIICBA component [EC:2.7.1.-]
K00844  hexokinase [EC:2.7.1.1]
K18676  glucosamine kinase [EC:2.7.1.8]
K00847  fructokinase [EC:2.7.1.4]
K00820  glutamine---fructose-6-phosphate transaminase (isomerizing) [EC:2.6.1.16]
K00621  glucosamine-phosphate N-acetyltransferase [EC:2.3.1.4]
K01836  phosphoacetylglucosamine mutase [EC:5.4.2.3]
K03431  phosphoglucosamine mutase [EC:5.4.2.10]
K18674  N-acetylgalactosamine kinase [EC:2.7.1.157]
K04042  bifunctional UDP-N-acetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase / glucosamine-1-phosphate N-acetyltransferase [EC:2.7.7.23 2.3.1.157]
K11528  UDP-N-acetylglucosamine pyrophosphorylase [EC:2.7.7.23]
K00972  UDP-N-acetylglucosamine/UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine diphosphorylase [EC:2.7.7.23 2.7.7.83]
K23144  UDP-N-acetylglucosamine diphosphorylase / glucose-1-phosphate thymidylyltransferase / UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine diphosphorylase / glucosamine-1-phosphate N-acetyltransferase / galactosamine-1-phosphate N-acetyltransferase [EC:2.7.7.23 2.7.7.24 2.7.7.83 2.3.1.157 2.3.1.276]
K11192  N-acetylmuramic acid PTS system EIICB component [EC:2.7.1.192]
K07106  N-acetylmuramic acid 6-phosphate etherase [EC:4.2.1.126]
K09001  anhydro-N-acetylmuramic acid kinase [EC:2.7.1.170]
K22292  N-acetyl-D-muramate 6-phosphate phosphatase [EC:3.1.3.105]
K07102  N-acetylmuramate 1-kinase [EC:2.7.1.221]
K00992  N-acetyl-alpha-D-muramate 1-phosphate uridylyltransferase [EC:2.7.7.99]
K00790  UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 1-carboxyvinyltransferase [EC:2.5.1.7]
K00075  UDP-N-acetylmuramate dehydrogenase [EC:1.3.1.98]
K12409  bifunctional UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase / N-acetylmannosamine kinase [EC:3.2.1.183 2.7.1.60]
K08068  UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase (hydrolysing) [EC:3.2.1.183]
K00885  N-acylmannosamine kinase [EC:2.7.1.60]
K13967  N-acetylmannosamine-6-phosphate 2-epimerase / N-acetylmannosamine kinase [EC:5.1.3.9 2.7.1.60]
K01787  N-acylglucosamine 2-epimerase [EC:5.1.3.8]
K01788  N-acylglucosamine-6-phosphate 2-epimerase [EC:5.1.3.9]
K05304  sialic acid synthase [EC:2.5.1.56 2.5.1.57 2.5.1.132]
K01097  N-acylneuraminate-9-phosphatase [EC:3.1.3.29]
K01654  N-acetylneuraminate synthase [EC:2.5.1.56]
K01639  N-acetylneuraminate lyase [EC:4.1.3.3]
K21749  N-acylneuraminate/3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate cytidylyltransferase [EC:2.7.7.43 2.7.7.92]
K00983  N-acylneuraminate cytidylyltransferase [EC:2.7.7.43]
K08080  CMP-N-acetylneuraminate monooxygenase [EC:1.14.18.2]
K00326  cytochrome-b5 reductase [EC:1.6.2.2]
K00698  chitin synthase [EC:2.4.1.16]
K01791  UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase (non-hydrolysing) [EC:5.1.3.14]
K02472  UDP-N-acetyl-D-mannosaminuronic acid dehydrogenase [EC:1.1.1.336]
K13015  UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine dehydrogenase [EC:1.1.1.136]
K22926  UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 6-dehydrogenase [EC:1.1.1.136]
K13016  UDP-N-acetyl-2-amino-2-deoxyglucuronate dehydrogenase [EC:1.1.1.335]
K13020  UDP-N-acetyl-2-amino-2-deoxyglucuronate dehydrogenase [EC:1.1.1.335]
K13017  UDP-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-ribo-hexuluronate aminotransferase [EC:2.6.1.98]
K13018  UDP-2-acetamido-3-amino-2,3-dideoxy-glucuronate N-acetyltransferase [EC:2.3.1.201]
K13019  UDP-GlcNAc3NAcA epimerase [EC:5.1.3.23]
K02473  UDP-N-acetylglucosamine/UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine 4-epimerase [EC:5.1.3.7 5.1.3.-]
K02474  UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine/UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine dehydrogenase [EC:1.1.1.136 1.1.1.-]
K22925  UDP-N-acetylglucosaminuronic acid 4-epimerase [EC:5.1.3.-]
K15894  UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 4,6-dehydratase/5-epimerase [EC:4.2.1.115 5.1.3.-]
K15895  UDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-L-N-acetyl-beta-L-altrosamine transaminase [EC:2.6.1.92]
K15896  UDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-N-acetyl-beta-L-altrosamine N-acetyltransferase [EC:2.3.1.202]
K15897  UDP-2,4-diacetamido-2,4,6-trideoxy-beta-L-altropyranose hydrolase [EC:3.6.1.57]
K15898  pseudaminic acid synthase [EC:2.5.1.97]
K15899  pseudaminic acid cytidylyltransferase [EC:2.7.7.81]
K15912  UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 4,6-dehydratase [EC:4.2.1.135]
K15910  UDP-N-acetylbacillosamine transaminase [EC:2.6.1.34]
K15913  UDP-N-acetylbacillosamine N-acetyltransferase [EC:2.3.1.203]
K18429  GDP/UDP-N,N'-diacetylbacillosamine 2-epimerase (hydrolysing) [EC:3.2.1.184]
K18430  N,N'-diacetyllegionaminate synthase [EC:2.5.1.101]
K18431  CMP-N,N'-diacetyllegionaminic acid synthase [EC:2.7.7.82]
K21279  3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate 9-phosphate synthase [EC:2.5.1.132]
K21055  3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate 9-phosphatase [EC:3.1.3.103]
K21750  3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononate cytidylyltransferase [EC:2.7.7.92]
K12446  L-arabinokinase [EC:2.7.1.46]
K12447  UDP-sugar pyrophosphorylase [EC:2.7.7.64]
K13379  reversibly glycosylated polypeptide / UDP-arabinopyranose mutase [EC:2.4.1.- 5.4.99.30]
K01209  alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase [EC:3.2.1.55]
K15921  arabinoxylan arabinofuranohydrolase [EC:3.2.1.55]
K20844  non-reducing end alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase [EC:3.2.1.55]
K16190  glucuronokinase [EC:2.7.1.43]
K10011  UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose formyltransferase / UDP-glucuronic acid dehydrogenase (UDP-4-keto-hexauronic acid decarboxylating) [EC:2.1.2.13 1.1.1.305]
K07806  UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose-oxoglutarate aminotransferase [EC:2.6.1.87]
K10012  undecaprenyl-phosphate 4-deoxy-4-formamido-L-arabinose transferase [EC:2.4.2.53]
K13014  undecaprenyl phosphate-alpha-L-ara4FN deformylase [EC:3.5.1.-]
K08678  UDP-glucuronate decarboxylase [EC:4.1.1.35]
K12449  UDP-apiose/xylose synthase
K00770  1,4-beta-D-xylan synthase [EC:2.4.2.24]
K15920  xylan 1,4-beta-xylosidase [EC:3.2.1.37]
K01198  xylan 1,4-beta-xylosidase [EC:3.2.1.37]
K22268  xylan 1,4-beta-xylosidase [EC:3.2.1.37]
K12448  UDP-arabinose 4-epimerase [EC:5.1.3.5]
K02779  glucose PTS system EIICB or EIICBA component [EC:2.7.1.199]
K02791  maltose/glucose PTS system EIICB component [EC:2.7.1.199 2.7.1.208]
K20118  glucose PTS system EIICBA or EIICB component [EC:2.7.1.199]
K00845  glucokinase [EC:2.7.1.2]
K25026  glucokinase [EC:2.7.1.2]
K12407  glucokinase [EC:2.7.1.2]
K00886  polyphosphate glucokinase [EC:2.7.1.63]
K01835  phosphoglucomutase [EC:5.4.2.2]
K15778  phosphomannomutase / phosphoglucomutase [EC:5.4.2.8 5.4.2.2]
K15779  phosphoglucomutase / phosphopentomutase [EC:5.4.2.2 5.4.2.7]
K00963  UTP--glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase [EC:2.7.7.9]
K12450  UDP-glucose 4,6-dehydratase [EC:4.2.1.76]
K12451  3,5-epimerase/4-reductase [EC:5.1.3.- 1.1.1.-]
K00012  UDPglucose 6-dehydrogenase [EC:1.1.1.22]
K06118  UDP-sulfoquinovose synthase [EC:3.13.1.1]
K00849  galactokinase [EC:2.7.1.6]
K00965  UDPglucose--hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase [EC:2.7.7.12]
K01784  UDP-glucose 4-epimerase [EC:5.1.3.2]
K01854  UDP-galactopyranose mutase [EC:5.4.99.9]
K17716  UDP-glucose 4-epimerase [EC:5.1.3.2]
K08679  UDP-glucuronate 4-epimerase [EC:5.1.3.6]
K18677  galacturonokinase [EC:2.7.1.44]
K13648  alpha-1,4-galacturonosyltransferase [EC:2.4.1.43]
K02793  mannose PTS system EIIA component [EC:2.7.1.191]
K02794  mannose PTS system EIIAB component [EC:2.7.1.191]
K02795  mannose PTS system EIIC component
K02796  mannose PTS system EIID component
K01810  glucose-6-phosphate isomerase [EC:5.3.1.9]
K06859  glucose-6-phosphate isomerase, archaeal [EC:5.3.1.9]
K13810  transaldolase / glucose-6-phosphate isomerase [EC:2.2.1.2 5.3.1.9]
K15916  glucose/mannose-6-phosphate isomerase [EC:5.3.1.9 5.3.1.8]
K01809  mannose-6-phosphate isomerase [EC:5.3.1.8]
K17497  phosphomannomutase [EC:5.4.2.8]
K01840  phosphomannomutase [EC:5.4.2.8]
K16881  mannose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase / phosphomannomutase [EC:2.7.7.13 5.4.2.8]
K00966  mannose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase [EC:2.7.7.13]
K00971  mannose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase [EC:2.7.7.13]
K16011  mannose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase / mannose-6-phosphate isomerase [EC:2.7.7.13 5.3.1.8]
K01711  GDPmannose 4,6-dehydratase [EC:4.2.1.47]
K15856  GDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-D-mannose reductase [EC:1.1.1.281]
K22252  GDP-6-deoxy-D-talose 4-dehydrogenase [EC:1.1.1.135]
K13010  perosamine synthetase [EC:2.6.1.102]
K17939  GDP-perosamine N-acetyltransferase [EC:2.3.1.227]
K02377  GDP-L-fucose synthase [EC:1.1.1.271]
K10046  GDP-D-mannose 3', 5'-epimerase [EC:5.1.3.18 5.1.3.-]
K00066  GDP-mannose 6-dehydrogenase [EC:1.1.1.132]
K05305  fucokinase [EC:2.7.1.52]
K00976  fucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase [EC:2.7.7.30]
K25314  fucokinase / fucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase [EC:2.7.1.52 2.7.7.30]
K25315  arabinokinase / fucokinase / arabinose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase / fucose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase [EC:2.7.1.- 2.7.7.- 2.7.1.52 2.7.7.30]
K00978  glucose-1-phosphate cytidylyltransferase [EC:2.7.7.33]
K01709  CDP-glucose 4,6-dehydratase [EC:4.2.1.45]
K12452  CDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxyglucose reductase, E1 [EC:1.17.1.1]
K00523  CDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxyglucose reductase, E3 [EC:1.17.1.1]
K12453  CDP-paratose synthetase [EC:1.1.1.342]
K12454  CDP-paratose 2-epimerase [EC:5.1.3.10]
K12455  CDP-abequose synthase [EC:1.1.1.341]
K19632  CDP-abequose synthase [EC:1.1.1.341]
K15857  CDP-3, 6-dideoxy-D-glycero-D-glycero-4-hexulose-5-epimerase [EC:5.1.-.-]
K15858  CDP-3, 6-dideoxy-D-glycero-L-glycero-4-hexulose-4-reductase [EC:1.1.1.-]
K00975  glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase [EC:2.7.7.27]
Compound
C00029  UDP-glucose
C00031  D-Glucose
C00043  UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine
C00052  UDP-alpha-D-galactose
C00085  D-Fructose 6-phosphate
C00095  D-Fructose
C00096  GDP-mannose
C00103  D-Glucose 1-phosphate
C00128  CMP-N-acetylneuraminate
C00140  N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine
C00159  D-Mannose
C00167  UDP-glucuronate
C00181  D-Xylose
C00190  UDP-D-xylose
C00191  D-Glucuronate
C00203  UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine
C00216  D-Arabinose
C00259  L-Arabinose
C00267  alpha-D-Glucose
C00270  N-Acetylneuraminate
C00275  D-Mannose 6-phosphate
C00325  GDP-L-fucose
C00329  D-Glucosamine
C00333  D-Galacturonate
C00352  D-Glucosamine 6-phosphate
C00357  N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate
C00394  GDP-glucose
C00446  alpha-D-Galactose 1-phosphate
C00461  Chitin
C00498  ADP-glucose
C00501  CDP-glucose
C00617  UDP-D-galacturonate
C00636  D-Mannose 1-phosphate
C00645  N-Acetyl-D-mannosamine
C00668  alpha-D-Glucose 6-phosphate
C00714  Pectin
C00734  Chitosan
C00935  UDP-L-arabinose
C00976  GDP-D-mannuronate
C00984  alpha-D-Galactose
C00996  Ferricytochrome b5
C00999  Ferrocytochrome b5
C01019  L-Fucose
C01050  UDP-N-acetylmuramate
C01132  N-Acetyl-D-galactosamine
C01170  UDP-N-acetyl-D-mannosamine
C01219  CDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-D-glucose
C01222  GDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-D-mannose
C01623  UDP-apiose
C01674  Chitobiose
C01788  CDP-abequose
C02199  UDP-L-rhamnose
C02280  GDP-L-galactose
C02352  1,4-beta-D-Xylan
C02474  Arabinan
C02713  N-Acetylmuramate
C02977  GDP-6-deoxy-D-talose
C02985  L-Fucose 1-phosphate
C03117  GDP-6-deoxy-D-mannose
C03410  N-Glycoloyl-neuraminate
C03598  CDP-3,6-dideoxy-D-glucose
C03599  CDP-3,6-dideoxy-D-mannose
C03691  CMP-N-glycoloylneuraminate
C03733  UDP-alpha-D-galactofuranose
C03906  beta-L-Arabinose 1-phosphate
C04037  1-Phospho-alpha-D-galacturonate
C04089  UDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-D-glucose
C04257  N-Acetyl-D-mannosamine 6-phosphate
C04297  CDP-4-dehydro-3,6-dideoxy-D-glucose
C04501  N-Acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine 1-phosphate
C04573  UDP-N-acetyl-2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucuronate
C04613  UDP-2-acetamido-4-dehydro-2,6-dideoxyglucose
C04630  UDP-2-acetamido-4-amino-2,4,6-trideoxy-alpha-D-glucose
C04631  UDP-N-acetyl-3-(1-carboxyvinyl)-D-glucosamine
C05385  D-Glucuronate 1-phosphate
C06023  D-Glucosaminide
C06156  alpha-D-Glucosamine 1-phosphate
C06240  UDP-N-acetyl-D-mannosaminouronate
C06241  N-Acetylneuraminate 9-phosphate
C06377  D-Galactosamine 6-phosphate
C11521  UDP-6-sulfoquinovose
C13952  UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminuronic acid
C15925  GDP-L-gulose
C16153  UDP-L-Ara4N
C16154  UDP-L-Ara4FN
C16155  UDP-L-Ara4O
C16156  Undecaprenyl phosphate alpha-L-Ara4FN
C16157  Undecaprenyl phosphate alpha-L-Ara4N
C16183  alpha-D-Arabinopyranose 1-phosphate
C16698  N-Acetylmuramic acid 6-phosphate
C17269  GDP-D-arabinopyranose
C17326  CDP-4-dehydro-3,6-dideoxy-D-glucose epimer
C17327  CDP-ascarylose
C17328  UDP-4-keto-rhamnose
C18060  N-Acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine 1-phosphate
C18094  UDP-L-arabinofuranose
C19725  UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronate
C19745  UDP-2,3-diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-mannuronate
C19769  1,6-Anhydro-N-acetyl-beta-muramate
C19823  UDP-2-acetamido-2,6-dideoxy-beta-L-arabino-hexos-4-ulose
C19961  UDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-N-acetyl-beta-L-altrosamine
C19971  UDP-2,4-bis(acetamido)-2,4,6-trideoxy-beta-L-altropyranose
C19972  2,4-Bis(acetamido)-2,4,6-trideoxy-beta-L-altropyranose
C20082  Pseudaminic acid
C20083  CMP-pseudaminic acid
C20357  UDP-N,N'-diacetylbacillosamine
C20359  UDP-2-acetamido-3-amino-2,3-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucuronate
C20395  UDP-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-alpha-D-ribo-hex-3-uluronate
C20418  N,N'-Diacetyllegionaminate
C20419  CMP-N,N'-diacetyllegionaminate
C20424  2,4-Diacetamido-2,4,6-trideoxy-D-mannopyranose
C20638  GDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-alpha-D-mannose
C20672  GDP-4-acetamido-4,6-dideoxy-alpha-D-mannose
C20934  3-Deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulopyranosonate
C21027  N-Acetylmuramic acid alpha-1-phosphate
C21383  3-Deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulopyranosonate 9-phosphate
C21384  CMP-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulopyranosonate
C22029  alpha-D-Galactosamine 1-phosphate
Reference
PMID:2793832
  Authors
Wyk P, Reeves P
  Title
Identification and sequence of the gene for abequose synthase, which confers antigenic specificity on group B salmonellae: homology with galactose epimerase.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 171:5687-93 (1989)
DOI:10.1128/JB.171.10.5687-5693.1989
Reference
PMID:8071227
  Authors
Thorson JS, Lo SF, Ploux O, He X, Liu HW
  Title
Studies of the biosynthesis of 3,6-dideoxyhexoses: molecular cloning and characterization of the asc (ascarylose) region from Yersinia pseudotuberculosis serogroup VA.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 176:5483-93 (1994)
DOI:10.1128/JB.176.17.5483-5493.1994
Reference
PMID:8444803
  Authors
Kessler AC, Haase A, Reeves PR
  Title
Molecular analysis of the 3,6-dideoxyhexose pathway genes of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis serogroup IIA.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 175:1412-22 (1993)
DOI:10.1128/JB.175.5.1412-1422.1993
Reference
PMID:9811644
  Authors
Danese PN, Oliver GR, Barr K, Bowman GD, Rick PD, Silhavy TJ
  Title
Accumulation of the enterobacterial common antigen lipid II biosynthetic intermediate stimulates degP transcription in Escherichia coli.
  Journal
J Bacteriol 180:5875-84 (1998)
DOI:10.1128/JB.180.22.5875-5884.1998
Reference
  Authors
Skurnik M, Peippo A, Ervela E
  Title
Characterization of the O-antigen gene clusters of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and the cryptic O-antigen gene cluster of Yersinia pestis shows that the plague bacillus is most closely related to and has evolved from Y. pseudotuberculosis serotype O:1b.
  Journal
Mol Microbiol 37:316-30 (2000)
DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2958.2000.01993.x
Reference
  Authors
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Related
pathway
ko00010  Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
ko00040  Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
ko00051  Fructose and mannose metabolism
ko00052  Galactose metabolism
ko00053  Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
ko00500  Starch and sucrose metabolism
ko00510  N-Glycan biosynthesis
ko00523  Polyketide sugar unit biosynthesis
ko00524  Neomycin, kanamycin and gentamicin biosynthesis
ko00525  Acarbose and validamycin biosynthesis
ko00540  Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
ko00550  Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
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