KEGG   ORTHOLOGY: K00513
Entry
K00513                      KO                                     
Symbol
CYP21A
Name
steroid 21-monooxygenase [EC:1.14.14.16]
Pathway
map00140  Steroid hormone biosynthesis
map01100  Metabolic pathways
map04925  Aldosterone synthesis and secretion
map04927  Cortisol synthesis and secretion
map04934  Cushing syndrome
Module
M00108  C21-Steroid hormone biosynthesis, progesterone => corticosterone/aldosterone
M00109  C21-Steroid hormone biosynthesis, progesterone => cortisol/cortisone
Reaction
R02213  progesterone,NADPH-hemoprotein reductase:oxygen oxidoreductase (21-hydroxylating)
R02838  21-deoxycortisol,NADPH-hemoprotein reductase:oxygen oxidoreductase (21-hydroxylating)
R03326  17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone,NADPH-hemoprotein reductase:oxygen oxidoreductase (21-hydroxylating)
R03784  pregnenolone,NADPH-hemoprotein reductase:oxygen oxidoreductase (21-hydroxylating)
R03849  11beta-hydroxyprogesterone,NADPH-hemoprotein reductase:oxygen oxidoreductase (21-hydroxylating)
R04675  17alpha-hydroxypregnenolone,NADPH-hemoprotein reductase:oxygen oxidoreductase (21-hydroxylating)
Disease
H00216  Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Brite
KEGG Orthology (KO) [BR:ko00001]
 09100 Metabolism
  09103 Lipid metabolism
   00140 Steroid hormone biosynthesis
    K00513  CYP21A; steroid 21-monooxygenase
 09150 Organismal Systems
  09152 Endocrine system
   04925 Aldosterone synthesis and secretion
    K00513  CYP21A; steroid 21-monooxygenase
   04927 Cortisol synthesis and secretion
    K00513  CYP21A; steroid 21-monooxygenase
 09160 Human Diseases
  09167 Endocrine and metabolic disease
   04934 Cushing syndrome
    K00513  CYP21A; steroid 21-monooxygenase
 09180 Brite Hierarchies
  09181 Protein families: metabolism
   00199 Cytochrome P450
    K00513  CYP21A; steroid 21-monooxygenase
Enzymes [BR:ko01000]
 1. Oxidoreductases
  1.14  Acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen
   1.14.14  With reduced flavin or flavoprotein as one donor, and incorporation of one atom of oxygen into the other donor
    1.14.14.16  steroid 21-monooxygenase
     K00513  CYP21A; steroid 21-monooxygenase
Cytochrome P450 [BR:ko00199]
 Cytochrome P450, animal type
  CYP21 family
   K00513  CYP21A; steroid 21-monooxygenase
Other DBs
GO: 0004509
Genes
HSA: 1589(CYP21A2)
PTR: 107973061 745345
PPS: 117980568 117980569
GGO: 101147473 109023079
PON: 100461354 112131288
NLE: 100579180
HMH: 116460301
MCC: 717020(CYP21A2)
MCF: 102130610(CYP21A2)
MTHB: 126953219
MNI: 105497657
CSAB: 103221724(CYP21A2)
CATY: 105574106
PANU: 101025297
TGE: 112622250
RRO: 104674109
RBB: 108519899
TFN: 117086985
PTEH: 111526288
CANG: 105513772
CJC: 100395918(CYP21A2)
SBQ: 101047673
CIMI: 108299804(CYP21A2)
CSYR: 103271305
MMUR: 105858145
LCAT: 123631769
PCOQ: 105817863
OGA: 100963190
MMU: 13079(Cyp21a1)
MCAL: 110312588
MPAH: 110335614
RNO: 24298(Cyp21a1)
MCOC: 116074685
ANU: 117724586
MUN: 110560117
CGE: 100767691
MAUA: 101840777
PROB: 127224309
PLEU: 114705894
MORG: 121435338
MFOT: 126495192
AAMP: 119822479
NGI: 103724459
HGL: 101717066
CPOC: 100727788
CCAN: 109689568
DORD: 105999853
DSP: 122111110
PLOP: 125352748
NCAR: 124988309
MMMA: 107143752
OPI: 101536144
TUP: 102491327
GVR: 103592340
CFA: 415124(CYP21A2)
CLUD: 112641338
VVP: 112913634
VLG: 121500818
NPO: 129513000
AML: 100478117
UMR: 103682334
UAH: 113243763
UAR: 123791062
ELK: 111152239
LLV: 125101525
MPUF: 101689319
MNP: 132017829
MLK: 131834328
NVS: 122911378
ORO: 101381142
EJU: 114222188
ZCA: 113926301
MLX: 118027311
NSU: 110586781
LWW: 102737081
FCA: 101094596(CYP21A2)
PYU: 121022330
PCOO: 112853724
PBG: 122478273
LRUF: 124528377
PTG: 102966729
PPAD: 109260501
PUC: 125938415
AJU: 106983476
HHV: 120221929
BTA: 281741(CYP21A2)
BOM: 102267885
BIU: 109576856
BBUB: 102394885
BBIS: 105005314
CHX: 102174710
BTAX: 128056435
ODA: 120870583
CCAD: 122429310
MBEZ: 129543843
SSC: 403337(CYP21A2)
CFR: 102506530
CBAI: 105074032
CDK: 105087514
VPC: 102526337
BACU: 103003841
LVE: 103069558
OOR: 101278959
DLE: 111170705
PCAD: 102985160
PSIU: 116762931
NASI: 112395389
ECB: 100059277
EPZ: 103563302
EAI: 106831008
MYB: 102254156
MMYO: 118679567
MNA: 107538945
PKL: 118705357
EFUS: 103300519
HAI: 109373090
DRO: 112302380
SHON: 118979545
AJM: 119053733
PDIC: 114494161
PHAS: 123810467
MMF: 118621110
RFQ: 117016499
PPAM: 129067338
PALE: 102898380
PGIG: 120618892
PVP: 105305287
RAY: 107498441
MJV: 108393999
TOD: 119252239
SARA: 101550385
LAV: 100658069
TMU: 101359524
ETF: 101645438
DNM: 101424397
MDO: 100025565
GAS: 123245160
SHR: 100932451
AFZ: 127561099
PCW: 110199314
OAA: 100086194
GGA: 429828(CYP21A1)
PCOC: 116236742
MGP: 100538455
CJO: 107321560
TPAI: 128074275
LMUT: 125686259
NMEL: 110406665
APLA: 101794100
ACYG: 106049851
CATA: 118260326
TGU: 116807644
LSR: 110478274
SCAN: 103822718
PMOA: 120505792
OTC: 121346758
PRUF: 121359571
GFR: 102042267
FAB: 101816789
OMA: 130261952
PHI: 102108296
PMAJ: 107213983
CCAE: 111938931
CCW: 104683162
CBRC: 103620364
ETL: 114070275
ZAB: 102061240
SVG: 106862383
MMEA: 130588046
HRT: 120764093
EGZ: 104133716
ACHC: 115338476
AGEN: 126034835
SHAB: 115602492
RTD: 128901607
DNE: 112981956
ASN: 112548178
AMJ: 102575314(CYP21A2)
CCAY: 125621398
DCC: 119842680
CPIC: 101950331
CABI: 116839812
MRV: 120392330
ACS: 100552382
ASAO: 132765958
PVT: 110090188
SUND: 121921953
PBI: 103054275
PMUR: 107293207
CTIG: 120305101
PGUT: 117663177
APRI: 131190360
PTEX: 113450767
VKO: 123017801
PMUA: 114592264
PRAF: 128409040
HCG: 128343084
GJA: 107107307
STOW: 125427682
EMC: 129329403
XLA: 447267(cyp21a2.1.L)
XTR: 100489813(cyp21a2.1)
NPR: 108786530
RTEM: 120913238
BBUF: 120978198
BGAR: 122919724
GSH: 117346866
DRE: 793249(cyp21a2)
SRX: 107743211
SANH: 107685595
SGH: 107596711
CCAR: 109104569
CAUA: 113116301
PTET: 122360829
LROH: 127177984
OMC: 131521886
PPRM: 120481323
RKG: 130070171
MAMB: 125243568
CIDE: 127496722
MASI: 127454347
TROS: 130558128
TDW: 130433106
MANU: 129448261
IPU: 108261472
IFU: 128609054
PHYP: 113542548
SMEO: 124383928
TFD: 113644742
TVC: 132845335
AMEX: 103037969
CMAO: 118825719
EEE: 113570604
CHAR: 105910687
TRU: 101065814
TFS: 130532665
LCO: 104922752
NCC: 104966285
TBEN: 117480591
CGOB: 115021585
PGEO: 117460461
GACU: 117554060
ELY: 117266380
EFO: 125893254
PLEP: 121946285
SLUC: 116049375
ECRA: 117945986
ESP: 116691024
PFLV: 114557620
GAT: 120811016
PPUG: 119197193
AFB: 129110074
CLUM: 117745517
MSAM: 119897775
SCHU: 122881406
CUD: 121513960
ALAT: 119006010
MZE: 101472385
ONL: 100703376
OAU: 116319787
OLA: 101157155
OML: 112143388
XMA: 102218645
XCO: 114140790
XHE: 116716989
PRET: 103478543
GAF: 122831408
PPRL: 129371298
CVG: 107102538
CTUL: 119772817
GMU: 124865981
NFU: 107372377
ALIM: 106517731
NWH: 119410123
AOCE: 111588846
MCEP: 125016505
CSEM: 103388483
POV: 109633161
SSEN: 122775239
HHIP: 117776698
HSP: 118114203
LCF: 108885898
SDU: 111238796
SLAL: 111668816
XGL: 120784356
HCQ: 109517589
SSCV: 125975605
SBIA: 133500933
PEE: 133402194
PTAO: 133480011
BPEC: 110171734
MALB: 109971672
BSPL: 114842467
SJO: 128366354
SASA: 106606086
OKE: 118377982
SALP: 112079040
SNH: 120036659
ELS: 105018837
SFM: 108927404
PKI: 111839059
AANG: 118231182
PSPA: 121299051
LCM: 102346130
RTP: 109925585
CPLA: 122541551
HOC: 132832950
LERI: 129715729
 » show all
Reference
PMID:3038528 (CYP21A2)
  Authors
Rodrigues NR, Dunham I, Yu CY, Carroll MC, Porter RR, Campbell RD
  Title
Molecular characterization of the HLA-linked steroid 21-hydroxylase B gene from an individual with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
  Journal
EMBO J 6:1653-61 (1987)
DOI:10.1002/j.1460-2075.1987.tb02414.x
  Sequence
[hsa:1589]
Reference
  Authors
Luu-The V, Pelletier G, Labrie F
  Title
Quantitative appreciation of steroidogenic gene expression in mouse tissues: new roles for type 2 5alpha-reductase, 20alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and estrogen sulfotransferase.
  Journal
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 93:269-76 (2005)
DOI:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2005.01.003
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